Ahmed Kamal (Egyptologist)

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Ahmed Kamāl (Arabic: أحمد كمال‎‎, July 29, 1851 – August 5, 1923, also known as Ahmed Kamal Bey (Pasha)) was Egypt’s first Egyptologist and pioneer in his own country.


His 1899 work on ancient Heliopolis.

He trained under the German Egyptologist Heinrich Brugsch.

He was a curator at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo and a staff member of the Supreme Council of Antiquities. He was jointly responsible for the Egyptian collections’ classification and significantly involved in the museum’s removal from both Boulaq to Giza and Giza to the Tahrir Square at Cairo’s city center.

He took part in several excavations at Dayr al-Barsha, Gabal at-Tayr, Tihna el-Gebel, Gamhud, Atfih, Mayr, Shaykh Sa'id, Asyut and in the Nile Valley.

Important publications[edit]

  • Kamal, Ahmed, Stèles ptolémaiques et romaines, two volumes, Le Caire, 1904–1905, (Catalogue général des antiquités égyptiennes du Musée du Caire).
  • Kamal, Ahmed, Tables d'offrandes, two volumes, Le Caire, 1906, 1909, (Catalogue général des antiquités égyptiennes du Musée du Caire).


  • Abou-Ghazi, Dia', Ahmed Kamal. 1849–1923, Annales du Service des Antiquités de l’Égypte, volume 64 (1981), pp. 1 – 5, portrait plate.
  • Dawson, Warren R. ; Uphill, Eric P. ; Bierbrier, M. L., Who was who in Egyptology, London : The Egypt Exploration Society, 1995 (3rd edition), p. 224.