Ahmad Mahir Pasha
Ahmed Mahir Pasha (1888 – 24 February 1945) (Arabic: أحمد ماهر باشا) was the Prime Minister of Egypt from 10 October 1944 to 24 February 1945. He was a member of the Saadist Institutional Party and was appointed Prime Minister following the removal of Mustafa an-Nahhas Pasha by King Farouk.
After assuming power he called for new elections and opposed the candidacies of members of the Muslim Brotherhood, against whom he had declared a fatwa. All Muslim Brotherhood members were defeated in what were widely considered to be unfair elections. Mahir then declared war against the Axis Powers in World War II, primarily to gain a diplomatic advantage at the end of the war (which was seen as imminent). Immediately after his announcement, Mahir was assassinated at parliament by 28-year-old Mahmoud Elessawy. Although it was assumed that Essawy was a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, he later confessed that he was actually a member of the Wafd Party instead.
- "War & Death". Time Magazine. 5 March 1945. Retrieved 10 August 2008.
- "Egyptian Premier Slain in Chamber". The New York Times, 25 February 1945.
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Mustafa an-Nahhas Pasha
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