Ahmed Mohamed Islam

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Ahmed Mohamed Islam
President of Jubaland
Assumed office
15 May 2013
Preceded by Mohamed Abdi Mohamed (as president of Azania)
Chairman of Raskamboni movement
Assumed office
2009
Personal details
Born Galkayo, Somalia

Ahmed Mohamed Islam (Somali: Sheekh Axmed Maxamed Islaam) aka Sheikh Ahmed Madobe or Madobe is the president of the Jubaland State of Somalia.[1] On 15 May 2013, he was elected president of Somalia's southern Jubaland region.[2]

Islamic Courts Union[edit]

As a member of Islamic Courts Union (ICU) he was governor of Kismayo jubaland somalia in 2006. When the ICU was overthrown by Ethiopian National Defense Force he fled towards the Kenyan border when he was wounded, and later received medical treatment at an Ethiopian hospital. He was later arrested by the Ethiopians.[3]

Member of Parliament[edit]

When the Somali parliament expanded to 550 MPs he was elected MP in January 2009 and released from Ethiopian prison. On 4 April 2009 he announced his resignation from the parliament.[3]

Raskamboni[edit]

Sheikh Ahmed Madobe is the president of Jubbland state of Somalia (the predecessor to Raskamboni movement) which was allied with Hizbul Islam. On 1 October 2009, armed conflict between Hizbul Islam and al-Shabaab began after a dispute between the Ras Kamboni Brigades and al-Shabaab over control of Kisimayo. ARS-A[clarification needed] and JABISO, which were aligned with al-Shabaab in Hiiraan and Mogadishu refused to support the Ras Kamboni Brigades, meanwhile Anole[clarification needed] remained neutral. The fighting also led to a split within the Ras Kamboni Brigades, with a faction led by Ahmed Madoobe fighting against al-Shabaab and a faction led by Hassan al-Turki siding with al-Shabaab.[4] The Battle of Kismayo was decisively won by al-Shabaab, which then expelled Madbobe's Ras Kamboni Brigades from the city.[5] In the battles that followed, in November 2009, Madobe's forces were overpowered by al-Shabaab and its local allies. It was then forced to withdraw from the Lower Jubba region and most of southern Somalia.[4][5] In February 2010, al-Turki's branch declared a merger with al-Shabaab.[4]

On 20 December 2010, Hizbul Islam also merged with al-Shabaab[6] and the Raskamboni movement then allied with Ahlu Sunna Waljama'a and the Transitional Federal Government.[citation needed]

Jubaland presidency[edit]

On 15 May 2013, Madoobe was elected as president of Jubaland, a key southern region of Somalia. Delegates said that while 10 votes were still cast for other candidates and 15 abstained, 485 voted in favour of Madobe.but on 15 August 2015 is re elected at Jubbland parliament for 68 vote

On 28 August 2013, Madobe signed a national reconciliation agreement in Addis Ababa with the Somali federal government. Endorsed by the federal State Minister for the Presidency Farah Abdulkadir on behalf of President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, the pact was brokered by the Foreign Ministry of Ethiopia and came after protracted bilateral talks. Under the terms of the agreement, Jubaland will be administered for a two year period by a Juba Interim Administration and led by the region's incumbent president, Madobe. The regional president will serve as the chairperson of a new Executive Council, to which he will appoint three deputies. Management of Kismayo's seaport and airport will also be transferred to the Federal Government after a period of six months, and revenues and resources generated from these infrastructures will be earmarked for Jubaland's service delivery and security sectors as well as local institutional development. Additionally, the agreement includes the integration of Jubaland's military forces under the central command of the Somali National Army (SNA), and stipulates that the Juba Interim Administration will command the regional police.[7][8] UN Special Envoy to Somalia Nicholas Kay hailed the pact as "a breakthrough that unlocks the door for a better future for Somalia,"[9] with AUC, UN, EU and IGAD representatives also present at the signing.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Somalia: Prominent Islamist leader joins Sufis". Mareeg Online. Retrieved 26 March 2011. 
  2. ^ http://uk.reuters.com/article/2013/05/15/uk-somalia-security-jubaland-idUKBRE94E1AS20130515
  3. ^ a b "Somalia: Islamist MP Resigns After 'Cheating' Ethiopia Jail". Garowe Online. 4 April 2009. Archived from the original on 27 May 2012. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c Page 16 & 17
  5. ^ a b "Somalia: Al-Shabaab's Encirclement Strategy". allAfrica.com. 8 December 2009. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  6. ^ http://uk.news.yahoo.com/22/20101223/tts-uk-somalia-conflict-ca02f96.html Archived 27 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "Somalia: Jubaland gains recognition after intense bilateral talks in Ethiopia". Garowe Online. 28 August 2013. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Wendoson, Abera. "Somalia gives recognition to Jubaland interim administration". Ethiopian Herald. Retrieved 11 September 2013. [permanent dead link]
  9. ^ Sisay, Andualem (29 August 2013). "Somali government and Jubaland strike a peace deal". Africa Review. Retrieved 11 September 2013.