|Owner||Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation|
|Transit type||Bus rapid transit|
|Number of lines||13 (February 2015)|
|Number of stations||144 (134+10 cabins) (December 2014)|
|Daily ridership||130000+ (December, 2012)|
|Chief executive||M Thennarassan, IAS|
|Headquarters||Ground Floor, Dr. Ramanbhai Patel Bhavan, West Zone Office, Ahmedabad Municiapal Corporation, Usmanpura, Ahmedabad|
|Began operation||October 14, 2009|
|Operator(s)||Ahmedabad Janmarg Ltd (AJL)|
|Number of vehicles||235 buses|
|System length||87 kilometres (54 mi)
+19 kilometres (12 mi) under construction
Janmarg also known as Ahmedabad BRTS, is a bus rapid transit in Ahmedabad, India. It is operated by Ahmedabad Janmarg Limited, a subsidiary of Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation. It is designed by CEPT University.
Ahmedabad has a population of 5,570,585 as per 2011 census, which is likely to be 11 million by the year 2035. This would lead to agglomeration of surrounding settlements like Naroda and other smaller villages, which ultimately increases the area of the city, which may become 1,000 km2 in the year 2035. For the first 50 years since independence, Ahmedabad had very limited public transport options. During Modi Government, Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation and Gujarat State Government initiated a plan for integrated public transit system, in which Bus Rapid Transit System) is one of the components, to facilitate the major mobility need of the people. In future, this system will get integrated with MEGA by the addition of two lines running through east to west and north to south in the city. Upcoming Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT) would be easily accessible through this multimodal mix of Rapid Transport Systems.
Chennai BRTS and Bangalore BRTS have also followed this BRTS and are under implementation while Mumbai BRTS and Bhubaneswar BRTS are under planning. Amritsar BRTS has also followed this BRTS model.
Technical procedures was started in 2006. A part of the first corridor connecting Pirana to RTO Junction was opened to public on October 14, 2009 by the then Chief Minister of Gujarat, Narendra Modi. Second half of the first phase of the BRTS was inaugurated on December 25, 2009. It was stretched up to Kankaria Lake later to cater eastern part of the city.
Prof.H.M Shivanand Swamy, an economist and urban planner by training and is the Associate Director, CEPT University spearheaded the planning and implementation of BRTS in Ahmedabad by mapping various corridors and feeder networks. Besides giving priority to buses, the system is designed to provide dedicated lanes for pedestrian and non-motorized vehicles like cycles and rickshaws etc.
Feasibility Report (2005): First study initiated by the state project development agency, Gujarat Infrastructure Development Board, initiated preparation of a feasibility report for bus rapid transit system. The study, based on a detailed assessment of demand, socio-economic characteristics and technical feasibility, identified BRTS development over 58 kilometers of road network.
Detailed Project Report (2005): Based on the feasibility report prepared by CEPT, a detailed project report for submission under JNNURM program of the Government of India was prepared by CEPT. The project has been sanctioned by the Ministry of Urban Development (India). The project report included detailed planning of roadway as well as development of other supporting infrastructure and operating systems.
Detailed System Design and Implementation Support (2006-ongoing):BRTS- Ahmedabad is under implementation. Detailed system design and support during construction is being provided by CEPT team. The team had already made some 100 minor design changes to avoid difficulties faced by Delhi and Pune in implementation.
Selection of Corridors
Based on an analysis of the socio-economic factors, travel demand patterns, road network characteristics, proposed metro plan and existing Ahmedabad Municipal Transport Service (AMTS) route network as the criteria, a network of roads covering about 155 kilometers in length have been identified for developing the Bus Rapid Transit System within Ahmedabad.
Lines & Stations
Following are the 13 currently operational lines serving 126 BRTS stations:
Given the expected travel demand on each corridor, BRTS solutions are structured.The operations plan developed not only provides route structure for BRT operations but also the rationalised routing plan for AMTS operations. This is necessary so that the two systems compliment each other rather than compete with each other. In terms of routes following three types of routes are structured to operate transit services - BRTS Trunk Routes, Complementary Routes (AMTS)and BRTS Feeder Routes.
Corridors are as follows: Operational corridors Underconstruction corridors Proposed corridors
|Route||Status||Number of stations||Length||Notes|
|RTO Circle - Danilimda - Kankaria Lake||26||18 kilometres (11 mi)|
|Kankaria Lake - Maninagar Railway Station - Kankaria Telephone Exchange (circular)||7||4.65 kilometres (2.89 mi)|
|Dani Limbda - Narol||5||3 kilometres (1.9 mi)|
|Narol - Naroda ST workshop||20||21.59 kilometres (13.42 mi)|
|Bhavsar Hostel - Dilli/Delhi Darwaja (Sarkari Litho Press)||8||6 kilometres (3.7 mi)|
|Shivranjani - Iskcon||5||3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi)|
|Ajit Mill-Soni ni chali cross roads-Odhav||7||3.6 kilometres (2.2 mi)|
|RTO Circle - Sabarmati - Visat Junction||5||4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi)|
|Sola Cross Road (AEC) - Sola Bridge||7||3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi)|
|Dilli/Delhi Darwaja (Sarkari Litho Press) - Kalupur - Aastodia Darwaja - Sarangpur - Town Hall (Ellisbridge)||Phase III operation started|
|Visat Junction - Chandkheda-Zundal||5 kilometres (3.1 mi)||Phase II operation started|
|Iskcon - Bopal||4 kilometres (2.5 mi)||Phase II operation started|
|Kalupur - Naroda ST Workshop||Phase II operation started|
|Nehrunagar-Ellisbridge-Astodia-Sarangpur-Ajit Mill||6.2 kilometres (3.9 mi)||Phase II operation started|
|Naroda ST Workshop - Naroda Gaam||~2 kilometres (1.2 mi)||Phase II operation started|
|Sola bridge - Science city||6.6 kilometres (4.1 mi)||Phase III|
|Shivranjani - APMC Market||Phase III|
|Jashodanagar - Hathijan||Phase III|
|Narol - Aslali||Phase III Ph-3|
|Akhbarnagar - Gota||Phase III Ph-3|
The Bus Rapid Transit Project for Ahmedabad city has been guided by the steering committee chaired by Shri. K. Kailashnathan, (I.A.S), Secretary, Urban Development and Urban Housing Department, Government of Gujarat.
- Anil Mukim - Former Municipal Commissioner, Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation
- P.J Pujari - Secretary, Economic Affairs, Finance Department
- Jayant Parimal - CEO, Gujarat Infrastructure Development Board (GIDB)
- K. Srinivas - Managing Director, Gujarat Urban Development Company (GUDC)
Ahmedabad Janmarg Limited (AJL), the parent company which governs BRTS operations in Ahmedabad, was constituted as a Special Purpose Vehicle by Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation,Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority and Government of Gujarat. It is presently envisaged that private operators selected through competitive bidding will carry out bus operations. AJL introduced Automated fare collection system through smart cards for commuters. AJL introduced Automated fare collection system through smart cards for commuters.
It has a mixed fleet of air conditioned and non-air conditioned buses. Parts for the buses are provided by Tata Motors. These buses are built by Chartered Speed locally according to specifications.
Integrated Transportation Management System
Ahmedabad BRTS is provided with an Integrated Transportation Management System (IMTS) which includes Advanced Vehicle Tracking System (AVLS), Fleet Management System (FMS), Automatic Fare Collection System (AFCS), Passenger Information System (PIS), Passenger announcement (PA), and Vehicle Scheduling and Dispatching (VSD). These technologies have been provided by the Spanish company GMV Innovating Solutions. The ITMS is currently operated since 2010 by a JV lead by GMV Innovating Solutions. Ahmedabad BRTS has received several national and international awards for its ITMS, such as the National Award for “Award for Excellence in the category of Best Project – 2011” from Government of India.
Ahmedabad BRTS was showcased at 2012 United Nations Climate Change Conference as a 'lighthouse project' as part of the United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon's Momentum for Change Initiative.
- National Award for “Award for Excellence in the category of Best IMTS Project – 2011” from Government of India
- International Award for “Sustainable Transport Award – 2010” at Washington DC, USA.
- National Award for “Best Mass Transit Rapid System Project - 2009” from Government of India.
- International Award for “Outstanding Innovations in Public Transportation – 2010” from UITP, Germany
- National Award for “Best Innovation Project Towards Improvement in Urban Mobility in the City of Ahmedabad through New Technological Innovations in Janmarg BRTS – 2010” from Government of India.
- International Award for Design – “Daring Ambition Award and Knowledge and Research Award – 2011” at 59th UITP World Congress, Dubai.
- Ahmedabad Municipal Transport Service
- MetroLink Express Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad
- List of bus rapid transit systems
- "Janmarg Routes". CEPT. Janmarg Ltd.-AMC. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
- "Modi opens two new BRTS routes". DeshGujarat (Ahmedabad). DeshGujarat.Com. December 25, 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
- "Ahmedabad, Bus Rapid Transit system, Janmarg". United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
- "About and Awards - Official Website". AMC. Ahmedabad Janmarg Ltd. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
- Dutta, Vishal (2013-05-19). "BRTS: Lessons Delhi can learn from Ahmedabad's transport system". The Economics Times. p. 1. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
- "Ahmedabad BRTS:Urban Transport Initiatives in India: Best Practices in PPP" (PDF). National Institute of Urban Affairs. 2010. pp. 18–48. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
- Ahmedabad City Census 2011 data, Ahmedabad Population 2011
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- "Ahmedabad kicks off 500-cr integrated BRTS". One India News. May 4, 2006. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
- "Ahmedabad BRTS is the best, says expert". Ahmedabad Mirror. Bennett Coleman & Co. Ltd. August 1, 2009. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
- DNA Correspondent (16 September 2012). "Shivranjani-Iskcon BRTS stretch in Ahmedabad operational, finally!". Daily News and Analysis (Ahmedabad). DNA. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
- Team GGN (September 28, 2012). "New BRTS stretch gets operational". Global Gujarat News. Global Gujarat News. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
- Sharma, Ritu (March 3, 2013). "In BRTS phase-III, AMC plans to link outskirts". The Indian Express. Retrieved April 2, 2013.
- Goswami, Urmi (November 15, 2012). "UN Climate Change Negotiations 2012: Ahmedabad's Bus Rapid Transit System to be showcased by United Nations". The Economic Times. Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
- "Ahmedabad, India Wins 2010 Sustainable Transport Award". PRN Newswire. January 10, 2010. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
- "Developed Ahmedabad impresses World Bank". Daily News and Analysis (Ahmedabad). DNA. Jan 21, 2010. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
- "Ahmedabad Janmarg BRTS brings honour to Gujarat". Daily News and Analysis (Ahmedabad). DNA. December 4, 2009. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
- Ahmedabad BRTS
- Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
- Ahmedabad BRTS on Google Map
- Gujrat BRTS in Action TV9 by WineMP3.com