National Expressway 1 (India)
|Ahmedabad Vadodara Expressway|
|Maintained by National Highways Authority of India|
|Length:||93.1 km (57.8 mi)|
|Major cities:||Nadiad, Anand|
The Ahmedabad Vadodara Expressway (also known as National Expressway 1, or the Mahatma Gandhi Expressway) is an expressway connecting the cities of Ahmedabad and Vadodara in the state of Gujarat, India. The 93.1 km (57.8 mi) long expressway reduces the travel time between the two cities from two and a half hours to an hour.
The expressway has 2 lanes each side and one service lane. The expressway opened in 2003. It has two exit loops at Nadiad and Anand. In 2009, the National Highways Authority of India announced plans to upgrade the expressway to six lanes. Two-wheeler vehicles of all kinds are forbidden on the expressway. The expressway is fenced to prevent the entry of two wheelers and cattle, along with several underpasses and overbridges to allow vehicles to cross over.
The expressway was built at a cost of ₹ 475 crore and inaugurated by the then Prime Minister of India, Atal Bihari Vajpayee. In 2009, the Government of Gujarat asked the Government of India to extend the expressway to Mumbai. In 2011, IRB Infra won a bid to upgrade the expressway from four lanes to six lanes with service lanes and collect toll. In 2013, it was announced that IRB Infra, which was also upgrading the stretch of the National Highway connecting Ahmedabad and Vadodara as part of the deal, would not collect toll till construction work was completed. The process of upgrading the expressway to six lanes is being done at a cost of ₹ 3300 crore.
In 2004, it was reported that the road surface quality on certain stretches of the expressway was inferior due to the substandard quality of construction materials used. In 2005, it was reported that a major accident took place on the expressway, resulting in a pileup that involved nine vehicles due to fog. The Ahmedabad-Nadiad stretch is considered the most dangerous, with fatal accidents reported since the opening of the expressway. The expressway has been referred to as not accident-prone when compared to the Mumbai Pune Expressway. GSRTC buses are known to travel slowly on the expressway due to speed limits set prior to the opening of the expressway.
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- Soni, Nikunj (3 August 2009). "Expressway is no boon for GSRTC commuters". Ahmedabad. Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 2013-07-28.