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|Founded by||Ahmad Nizam Shah I|
|Named for||Ahmad Nizam Shah I|
|• Body||Ahmednagar Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Rohini Shendage (SS)|
|• Total||39.30 km2 (15.17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||649 m (2,129 ft)|
|• Density||8,900/km2 (23,000/sq mi)|
|Demonym||Ahmednagarkar / Ahmednagari/ Nagarkar (Marathi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||MH-16, MH-17|
Ahmednagar has several dozen buildings and sites from the Nizam Shahi period. Ahmednagar Fort, once considered almost impregnable, was used by the British to house Jawaharlal Nehru (the first prime minister of India) and other Indian Nationalists before Indian independence. A few rooms there have been converted to a museum. During his confinement by the British at Ahmednagar Fort in 1944, Nehru wrote book The Discovery of India. Ahmednagar is home to the Indian Armoured Corps Centre & School (ACC&S), the Mechanised Infantry Regimental Centre (MIRC), the Vehicle Research and Development Establishment (VRDE) and the Controllerate of Quality Assurance Vehicles (CQAV). Training and recruitment for the Indian Army Armoured Corps takes place at the ACC&S.
Ahmednagar is a relatively small town and shows less development than the nearby western Maharashtra cities of Mumbai and Pune. Ahmednagar is home to 19 sugar factories and is also the birthplace of the cooperative movement. Due to scarce rainfall, the city often suffers from drought. Marathi is the primary language for daily-life communication. The city administration has recently published a plan of developing the city by year 2031.
Ahmednagar took its name from Ahmad Nizam Shah I, who founded the town in 1494 on the site of a battlefield where he won a battle against superior Bahamani forces. It was close to the site of the village of Bhingar. With the breakup of the Bahmani Sultanate, Ahmad established a new sultanate in Ahmednagar, also known as Nizam Shahi dynasty.
At an event celebrating on the 298th birth anniversary of Maharani Sri Ahilyabai Holkar (at her birthplace of Chondi, Jamkhed Taluka, Ahmednagar District), Chief Minister of Maharashtra Eknath Shinde announced that the city and district of Ahmednagar will be renamed after the great queen. "The state government has decided to rename Ahmednagar as Ahilyadevi Nagar. Ahilyadevi is known for her Himalayan works. Her name will bring honour to the district," Shinde said, as he made the announcement."Ahilyadevi put forth lessons on ideal statecraft through her acts. References to her administrative acumen are made even today. She left an enriched heritage of a strong and able administrative framework. We try to follow in her footsteps". In July 2023, Deputy Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis announced that the name would be shortened to Ahilyanagar
The town Ahmednagar was founded in 1494 by Ahmad Nizam Shah I on the site of a more ancient city, Bhingar. With the breakup of the Bahmani Sultanate, Ahmad established a new sultanate in Ahmednagar, also known as Nizam Shahi dynasty.
It was one of the Deccan sultanates, which lasted until its conquest by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1636. Aurangzeb, the last Mughal emperor, who spent the latter years of his reign, 1681–1707, in the Deccan, died in Ahmednagar and is buried at Khuldabad, near Aurangabad in 1707, with a small monument marking the site.
In 1759, the Peshwa of the Marathas obtained possession of the place from Nizam of Hyderabad and in 1795 it was ceded by the Peshwa to the Maratha chief Daulat Rao Sindhia. In 1803 Ahmednagar was besieged by a British force under Richard Wellesley and captured. It was afterward restored to the Marathas, but again came into the possession of the British in 1817, according to the terms of the Treaty of Poona, and was known as Ahmednuggur.
In 19th century American Christian missionaries opened first modern schools in the this town. According to a report there were four girls' school running under the superintendence of Cynthia Farrar around the 1850s. Mahatma Jyotirao Phule visited them and got inspired to open school for girls in Poona. Later, he enrolled his wife Savitribai Phule in Farrar's school in a teacher's training program. Farrar was from America and spent his entire life in Ahmednagar running her schools, these girls' schools were one of the first such kind in the country.
Ahmednagar is home to:
- the Indian Armored Corps Centre & School (ACC&S),
- the Mechanized Infantry Regimental Centre (MIRC),
- the Vehicle Research and Development Establishment (VRDE) and
- the Controllerate of Quality Assurance Vehicles (CQAV).
Training and recruitment for the Indian Army Armored Corps take place at the ACC&S. Formerly, the city was the Indian base of the British Army's Royal Tank Corps/ Indian Armored Corps, amongst other units. The town houses the second-largest display of military tanks in the world and the largest in Asia.[failed verification]
Situated in the rain shadow region of the Western Ghats, Ahmednagar has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh). The climate is hot throughout the year and sweltering during the pre-monsoon months from March to mid-June, whilst monsoon rainfall averages less than a third of that received in Mumbai and about a tenth what is received in Mahabaleshwar on the crest of the mountains.
|Climate data for Ahmednagar (1981-2010, extremes 1901-2012)|
|Record high °C (°F)||36.1
|Average high °C (°F)||30.1
|Average low °C (°F)||11.7
|Record low °C (°F)||1.8
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||0.3
|Average rainy days||0.0||0.3||0.3||0.5||1.3||6.4||6.0||5.0||8.8||4.2||1.0||0.4||34.3|
|Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST)||37||32||26||23||30||58||68||70||68||57||52||43||48|
|Source: India Meteorological Department|
As of 2011 Indian census, Ahmednagar had a population of 350,859. Ahmednagar has a sex ratio of 961 females per 1000 males and an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national urban average of 79.9%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
- Malik Ambar, Siddi military leader and guerilla fighter against Mughal Empire
- Sadashiv Amrapurkar, noted film and theatre actor
- Rajanikant Arole, doctor, Magsaysay award Winner, Padmabhushan
- Meher Baba, spiritual leader
- John Barnabas, evolutionary biologist
- Chand Bibi, Nizamshahi princess, defended Ahmednagar Fort against the Mughal forces of Akbar
- Madhu Dandavate, Indian Politician
- Michael J. S. Dewar, theoretical chemist
- Cynthia Farrar, American missionary
- Anna Hazare, Gandhian and social activist
- Adhik Kadam, social activist, social entrepreneur and philanthropist.
- Pramod Kamble, painter and sculptor
- Zaheer Khan, cricketer
- Anna Leonowens, educator, feminist, author of The English Governess at the Siamese Court (1870)
- Spike Milligan, 1918–2002, comedian and author
- Shahu Modak, film actor
- Bahirji Naik, Head of Intelligence Agency of Shivaji's army
- Popatrao Baguji Pawar, Padmashri, Sarpanch Hiware Bazar
- Ajinkya Rahane, cricketer
- Anand Rishiji, Jain saint
- Sai Baba of Shirdi, spiritual master
- Narayan Waman Tilak, Christian writer, poet, pastor
- Tomb of Salabat Khan II – also called the Chand Bibi Palace, this is a solid three-storey stone structure situated on the crest of a hill 13 km from Ahmednagar city.
- Meherabad, where the samadhi (tomb) of the spiritual master Meher Baba is a place of pilgrimage, particularly on the anniversary of his death, Amartithi. His later residence was at Meherazad (near Pimpalgaon village), approximately nine miles north of Ahmednagar.
- Ahmednagar Fort (Bhuekot Killa) – Built by Ahmed Nizam Shah in 1490, this is one of the best-designed and most impregnable forts in India. As of 2013[update], it is under the control of the military command of India.
- Cavalry Tank Museum – The Armoured Corps Centre and School has created a museum with an extensive collection of 20th-century armoured fighting vehicles.
- Ralegan Siddhi – a village which is a model for environmental conservation. Social activist Anna Hazare is from Ralegan Siddhi.
- Pimpri Gawali – is a village in Parner taluka, about 25 km away from Ahmednagar and known for the watershed development and agribusiness activities.
- Avhane, Shevgaon – Temple of Ganesh (Nidrista/Sleeping).
- Shri Munjaba Tample, Ukkadgaon – In Shrigonda Taluka about 60 km from Ahmednagar main city it is very beautiful Temple with four big statue of ganapati, mahadev (shankar), vishnu and hanuman on Temple and thousands of devotees visit this place.
- Jamgaon – Place in Parner taluka with a historic 18th-century palace built by Mahadaji Shinde.
- Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth is an agricultural university at Rahuri, named after an activist and social reformer of 19th century—one of four agricultural universities in the state.
- Mula Dam: It is 52 km from the Ahmednagar City
- Shani Shingnapur - Temple of God Shani
Ahmednagar city has air connectivity by Seaplane service. The port for Seaplane is located at the Mula Dam water reservoir, 30 min away from Ahmednagar City. The service offered by Maritime Energy Heli Air Services Pvt. Ltd. (MEHAIR) from 22 September 2014. Ongoing Flight is available from Juhu, Mumbai to Mula Dam.
Ahmednagar railway station (station code:ANG) belongs to Solapur Division of Central Railway zone of the Indian Railways. Ahmednagar has rail connectivity with Pune, Manmad, Kopargaon, Shirdi, Daund, Goa, Nasik and other metro-cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Ahmedabad. 41 express trains stop at this station. There is still a demand for direct rail connectivity to other major cities of India. Ahmednagar station will now be a part of the Pune railway division. 24 stations of the Daund-Ankai section will be merged with Pune railway division. The Daund-Ankai section is currently under the management of the Solapur railway division. The change to the Pune division will increase the chances of starting demu services between Ahmednagar and Pune stations.
One of the oldest and important railway project of Ahmednagar railway station was kalyan-Ahmednagar railway project which was in planning stage since British regime. It was referred as 3rd ghat project. The survey of this project was carried out in 1973,2000, 2006, 2014 etc. This project was in pink book in 2010. unfortunately this project could not be completed. The alignment length of this project was 184 km and it could have been shortest route for marathwada, andhra and Telangana. The major challenge for this project was proposed 18.96 km tunnel in malshej ghat section.
Malshej Kriti samiti is following for kalyan ahmednagar railway project. Kalyan-murbad section which is first phase of this project is already under survey stage.
Survey of Ahmednagar-Aurangabad Railway line with 120 km length was also carried out in March 2021. The DPR Report of this project is under preparation.
Ahmednagar-Karmala railway option is also getting explored. Ahmednagar railway station will become an important railway junction in future to the level similar to daund railway junction. Kalyan-Murbad-Ahmednagar line is also possible in future.
Ahmednagar is well connected by road with major cities of Maharashtra and other states. It has 4 lane road connectivity to:
National Highway 222 from Kalyan to Nirmal near Adilabad in Telangana passes through the city. The Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC) and different private transport operators provide bus service connecting the city to all parts of the state.
Ahmednagar has 3 main bus stands:
- MSRTC Tarakpur Bus Stand – All buses passing through Ahmednagar stop here.
- Maliwada Bus Stand – The buses going to Aurangabad/ Jalgaon/ Akola halt here.
- Pune Bus Stand – Buses going to Pune/ Mumbai halt here.
Intra city transport
- Autorickshaws, including Share Autorickshaws
- Bus service established by the Municipal Corporation. The main bus routes in the city are:
- Maliwada Bus Stand to Nirmalnagar via:
- Delhi Gate,
- Patrakar Chowk,
- Premdan Chowk,
- Professor Colony and
- Pipeline Road.
- Maliwada Bus Stand to Dr. Vikhe Patil College, Vilad Ghat via:
- Delhi Gate,
- Patrakar Chowk,
- Premdan Chowk,
- Savedi Naka,
- Nagapur MIDC and
- New Nagapur.
- Maliwada Bus Stand to Kedgaon via:
- Sakkar Chowk,
- Kinetic Chowk,
- Railway Flyover and
- Maliwada Bus Stand to Bhingar via:
- Market Yard Chowk,
- Nagar College,
- GPO Chowk,
- Ahmednagar Fort,
- Shukrawar Bazaar and
- Bhingar Wes.
- Maliwada Bus Stand to Nimbalak via:
- Delhi Gate,
- Patrakar Chowk,
- Premdan Chowk,
- Savedi Naka and
- Nagapur MIDC.
Ahmednagar Municipal Council was upgraded to a Municipal Corporation in 2003. As of 2022, Rohini Shendage of Shiv Sena was the incumbent mayor. Ahmednagar city is represented in the central and state legislatures by the Ahmednagar Lok Sabha and Ahmednagar City Vidhan Sabha seats respectively. The Sitting MP was Dr.Sujay Vikhe Patil as of 2022, while the sitting MLA was Sangram Jagtap.
Media and communication
- TV Channel::
- CMN Channel,
- News Today 24 Ahmednagar and
- ATV Ahmednagar
Internet facilities are provided by several service providers.
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