Ahn (Korean surname)

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Revised Romanization An
McCune–Reischauer An

Ahn, also romanized An, is a Korean family name. Origin of Korean surname Ahn is different from each clans of Ahn. There are 109 clans in Korean surname 'Ahn'. In 2000, there were 637,786 people bearing this surname in South Korea [1], making it the 20th most common family name in the country, with roughly 2% of the country's population. North Korea does not release figures for surnames, but the percentage is expected to be similar.


In the traditional Korean clan system, which is still the basis of family registry in South Korea, each clan is distinguished by its bon-gwan, the notional ancestral seat of the clan. Typically each clan claims a different person as its founder, although there are exceptions. 109 Ahn clans are extant today. However, most of these are very small. The majority of Ahns claim membership in the Sunheung Ahn clan (the highest and most noble clan of Ahns). The Kwangju and Juksan clans are also quite large and are associated with "blue-blood" status; in addition to these, the Tamjin, Gongsan, Chungju, Dongju, Jeuongwon, Ansan, Jecheon, Angang, and Jucheon clans are significant.

Sunheung Clan[edit]

73.5% of Korean surname 'Ahn' is Sunheung clan. The 2000 South Korean census counted 468,827 members of the "Sunheung" Ahn clan. It is a native clan connected with the town of Sunheung, Korea.

The crest of Clan Ahn of Sunheung

They have enjoyed "blue-blood" status as nobility (Yang-Ban) since their earliest history in the Koryeo (Koryo) Dynasty and throughout the Chosun Dynasty (July 1392 - August 1910). The founder of the Sunheung Ahn was a famously petty and meticulous official of Koryeo named Ahn Ja-mi. The Neo-Confucian philosopher An Hyang, who introduced the Confucian social and government system to Korea, was his great-grandson, and is generally numbered among the clan's most illustrious members. During Colonial Japan and during the founding of the democratic government of Korea, the most influential and respected figure is Ahn Chang Ho (Title: Dosan) and his life ended shortly after his arrest and release by the Imperial Japanese Government.

The family descended from Ahn Jami who was commander of Hongwiwi. Hongwiwi is the troop that escort Imperial process, greet foreign envoys, participate national ceremonies, go to war, and guard the frontier(border area) in Goryeo Dynasty. and Ahn Jami conferred the title of the supreme commander of Samhowi(one of 3 Central Command) by Emperor Sinjong of Goryeo.

Founder Ahn Jami is great-grandfather of Ahn Hyang.

Founder Ahn Jami had three sons, Ahn Yeong-yu, Ahn Yeong-rin, Ahn Yeong-hwa. Ahn Hyang, who is grandson of Ahn Yeong-yu passed the Gwageo(State examination) in 1260(Wonjong 1). And he served as Docheomuijungchan(Vice-premier). An Hyang is considered the founder of Neo-Confucianism in Korea, introducing Song Confucianism to the Goryeo Empire.

Clan Sunheung-Ahn met disaster in middle of 15C by King Sejo for restore the former King Danjong to the throne.

Villages of Sunheung Clan[edit]

Juksan Clan[edit]

surname Juksan Ahn clan came from Ahngukjishin which means "the general who made country peaceful". Three brothers Lee Jichun Lee Yeopchun and Lee Hwachun achieved a great deed in victory of war against Japan in 864. Juksan is a town name in Anseong city. Lee Jichun changed his name to Ahn Bangjun, and is founder of Juksan clan.

relation by marriage to Royal family[edit]

Goryo Dynasty[edit]
Joseon Dynasty[edit]


There's no place name Juksan in 9C.

Gwangju Clan[edit]

Ahn Banggeol is the founder of Gwangju clan. population is 43,609 people in 2000 in South Korea, and 48,033 people in 2015 in South Korea. the population in North Korea is unknown.

Tamjin Clan[edit]

The 2015 South Korean census counted 26,098 people of the "Tamjin" Ahn clan. It is a native clan connected with the Gangjin. Tamjin is old name (before 14C) of Gangjin. Ahn Woo is the founder of Tamjin clan. Ahn Woo put down the rebellion of Cho Il-shin as a Gunbupanseo (kind of military officer) in 1362. Gi Cheol, who was brother of Empress Gi, exert his authority in Korea, he has Mongol Empire at his back. Ahn Woo put Gi Cheol to death. Ahn Woo put Red Turbans to rout who captured Uiju County and Chongju, as Northwest military commander. Also, Ahn Ji, who was a renowned scholar, who was one of writers of Yongbieocheonga is from Tamjin clan.

List of persons with the surname[edit]

Sunheung Clan[edit]


See also[edit]

External links[edit]