Ehsan Danish

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Ehsan Danish
(1914-02-02)2 February 1914[1]
Kandhla, India
Died22 March 1982(1982-03-22) (aged 68)
Lahore, Pakistan
OccupationPoet, writer, architect
NationalityPakistani British Indian
Genrepoetry, prose, linguistics
Literary movementTaraqqi Pasand Tehrik
Notable worksJahan-i-Danish
Notable awardsTamgha-e-Imtiaz, 22 March 1978
RelativesJaved Akhtar kandhlavi

Ehsan Danish (Urdu: احسان دانش‎ – Eḥsān Dāniš, 1914 – 22 March 1982), born Ehsan-ul-Haq (Urdu: احسان اُلحق‎ – Eḥsānu l-Ḥaq), was a prominent Urdu poet from the Indian subcontinent.[1][2] At the beginning of his career his poetry was very romantic but later he wrote his poems more for the labourers and came to be called "Šāʿir-e Mazdūr" (Poet of the workmen) by his audience. His poetry inspired the common people's feelings and he has been compared with Josh Malihabadi. He holds the unique position as one of the best poets of all times, with fine, romantic and revolutionary, but simple style of poetry.[3]


Danish was born in maulanan Kandhla, a small town in the shamli district of Uttar Pradesh, India. He belonged to a poor family and he could not continue his study due to financial reasons but still learned the Arabic and Persian languages on his own.[1] Later he migrated to Lahore and settled there permanently. He struggled very hard to earn his living. He worked as an ordinary labourer for years in odd jobs,[1] finally becoming a poet of excellence. His autobiography, Jahan-i-Danish, is a classic and has inspired many people.[1] Danish has written more than 80 books and hundreds of articles[1] about and including poetry, prose, linguistics, philology, autobiographies and the famous interpretation of "Diwan-e-Ghalib". Much of his literary work is still unpublished.[1]

He died on 22 March 1982 in Lahore, Pakistan.[1]

An excerpt[edit]

Maulvi Saeed talks of Ehsan Danish, the poet. He recalls:

"In 1928, when we lived in Mozang I happened to be present at a gathering in the street adjoining ours where a short-statured but a well-built darkish young man recited a naat in a voice which kept the audience spell-bound. The poet was Ehsan-bin-Danish (now Ihsan Danish, for 'bin' though in Arabic stood for 'son of', in Hindi meant 'without'). The poet had come from across the Yamuna in search of employment – and perhaps recognition, too. Lahore gave him both; employment which hardly did any credit to this city, recognition, of course, which it never held back.

Ehsan was seen in the evening at the mushairas; in the morning, at the building sites with a brush in one hand and the lime-bucket in the other; or doing a gardener's job on the Simla Hill. He has recorded the experiences of his early days in a fascinating autobiography – Jehan-i-Danish. In the realm of poetry, he was not a mere labourer, but a master architect."[4]



  • Jahan-i-Danish, his autobiography.
  • Jahan-i Diger
  • Tazkir-o-Tanis
  • Iblagh-i-Danish
  • Tashrih-i-Ghalib
  • Awaz sy Alfaz tk
  • Fasl-i-Salasil
  • Zanjir-i-Baharan
  • Abr-i-Naisan
  • Miras-i-Momin
  • Urdu Mutaradifaat
  • Derd-i-Zindagi
  • Hadis-i-Adab
  • Lughat-ul-Islah
  • Nafir-i-Fitrat

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Ahsan Danish's death anniversary today". Samaa.TV. 22 March 2011. Archived from the original on 3 April 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-23.
  2. ^ Jagan Nath Azad; Mohammed Maruf (1983). Iqbal: mind and art. National Book House. Retrieved 5 September 2011. A little after Iqbal's death, a noted Urdu poet of the sub-continent, Ehsan Danish, during a discussion on Iqbal's poetry observed that "lqbal is just a versifier and not a poet"
  3. ^ Urdu Shairi ka Tanqeedi Jaiza (Critical Review of Urdu Poetry) by Idrees Siddiqui-1971.p.541/542
  4. ^ "Day-night encounters". Daily Dawn. 3 February 2003. Retrieved 2012-08-23.

External links[edit]