National anthem of Abkhazia
|Adopted||24 October 2007|
National Anthem of Abkhazia - Аиааира
Aiaaira (Abkhazian: Аиааира; "Victory") is the de facto anthem of the partially recognized state of Abkhazia.[note 1] It was adopted in 1992. The lyrics were written by poet Gennady Alamia, and the music composed by Valery Chkadua.
The lyrics were written after Abkhazia's proclamation of independence in 1992. They used as inspiration the Abkhazian revolutionary song "Kiaraz" (Abkhazian: "Кьараз") that originated during the short-lived Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918–1921).
In 1994, after the war for independence with Georgia, Valery Chkadua composed the anthem at the personal request of the first Abkhazian President Vladislav Ardzinba. Chkadua, who studied under Sergei Prokofiev and Dmitry Shostakovich, included various folk motives in the anthem. Chkadua, who refused royalties for the work, had written the anthem in the winter in a freezing, unheated house, but received housing as a thank you from the president. Chkadua was sentenced by the Abkhaz court to 20 years imprisonment for pedophilia in 2018.
After his election as second president of Abkhazia, Sergei Bagapsh issued a decree "On the State Anthem of the Republic of Abkhazia" that formally adopted "Aiaaira" as the national anthem on 24 October 2007.
|Abkhaz lyrics||Latin transliteration (modified KNAB 1997)||IPA transcription|
[ʃᶣnɛjbat͡sʰ ǀ ʃᶣnɛjbat͡sʰ ǀ]
Рада, Реида, Рарира
Rada, Reida, Rarira
[rada ǀ rɛjda ǀ rarɨra]
[ʃᶣnɛjbat͡sʰ apʰsnɨʒᶣlar ǁ]
[ʃᶣnɛjbat͡sʰ ǀ apʰsnɨʒᶣlar]
March on, march on,
- Abkhazia is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Abkhazia and Georgia. The Republic of Abkhazia unilaterally declared independence on 23 July 1992, but Georgia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Abkhazia has received formal recognition as an independent state from 7 out of 193 United Nations member states, 2 of which have subsequently withdrawn their recognition.
- "National Anthem Downloads, Lyrics, & Information: NationalAnthems.us - Republic of Abkhazia". NationalAnthems.us. 2009-03-19. Retrieved 2011-01-13.
- "Гимн" (in Russian). Abkhazian Embassy in Russia. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
- Kubatian, Grigory (14 January 2013). "Discovering a home of eccentrics". Russia Beyond the Headlines. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
- "Abkhaz pedophile caught in the act, mothers sold him their children". JAMnews. 12 October 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
- "State Symbols". Ministry of Foreign Affairs Republic of Abkhazia. Archived from the original on 2017-04-21. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
- "IPA Converter". BaltoSlav. Archived from the original on 2018-08-19. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
- National Anthem of Abkhazia - The website "Abkhazia, Land of the Seven Stars" has a page on the anthem that features both a vocal and an instrumental version.
- on YouTube
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