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Aidi image
White Aidi
Other namesAïdi
Atlas Mountain Dog
Atlas Shepherd Dog
Kabyle Dog
Berber Dog
OriginMorocco (according to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale)
Dog (domestic dog)

The Aidi (Berber languages: ⴰⵢⴷⵉ, romanized: aydi, lit.'dog') is a Berber dog breed native to the Atlas Mountains of North Africa and is used as a livestock guardian, protecting herds of sheep and goats.[1] It is most commonly found in Morocco, which holds the standard under the Fédération Cynologique Internationale.[2][3][4][5] The Aidi is also found in Algeria, Tunisia and Libya.[4] It possesses hunting capabilities and good scenting ability. In Morocco, it is often paired in hunting with the Sloughi, which chases down prey that the Aidi has located by scent.[6]


Female Aidi in a dog show.

The Aidi is native from the Atlas Mountains of North Africa.[7] The dog has never worked as a sheepdog even though the 1963 standard was published under the name Atlas Sheepdog; this was corrected in 1969. A courageous dog, the Aidi lived and worked in the Atlas Mountains of North Africa, protecting his owner and property from wildcats, other predators, and strangers.[8] This breed has also been called the Berber, after the Berber tribes who utilized it, and bears some resemblance to the Pariah dog who is believed to share its ancestry. As a protector of the desert nomad tribes, the most alert and aggressive dogs were staked around the perimeter of the camp at night. The Aidi has not been highly regarded by the tribes historically, as are most dogs other than the Sloughi and other breeds regarded as noble. However, Moroccans have recently formed a club to protect the purity of the breed which has contributed so much in so many roles, as protector, hunter, police dog, and pet.[9] Although the Aidi has been used primarily as a working dog, he has become more common as a house dog in the country. This breed also makes a good urban pet if he is given tasks and exercise enough to keep him satisfied and happy.[10]

In color and flock guard work they share many characteristics of many livestock guardian dog breeds.


Head of the Aidi.

Standing 52–62 cm (20–24 in) in height and weighing around 55 pounds (25 kg), the Aidi's lean, muscular body is protected by a coarse, thick, weather-resistant coat with a heavy plumed tail. The coat is heavy and soft. The head is bear-like and in proportion to the rest of the body. The breed has a tapered muzzle with a black or brown nose that usually matches the coat. Their jaws are strong with tight black or brown lips. The medium-sized ears are tipped forward and drop slightly. The eyes are medium, with a dark color and dark rims. Coat colours are white, black, black and white, pale red, and tawny.[11][8]


Head of the Aidi.

The Aidi is energetic and highly protective and is said to make an outstanding watchdog. It is a powerful dog that is also agile, alert, and ready for action. As it is a sensitive breed, the dog needs to be given appropriate training from a very young age. It needs to be exposed to as many social conditions as possible so that it makes an ideal family pet.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Aidi Breed Information: History, Health, Pictures, and more". Retrieved 2018-04-05.
  2. ^ "Aïdi, le chien de l'Atlas: une race 100% nationale méconnue des Marocains". Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  3. ^ "AÏDI (CHIEN DE MONTAGNE DE L'ATLAS)". Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  4. ^ a b "Aïdi : caractère & éducation, santé & entretien, prix..." (in French). Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  5. ^ "Breed Standards : Atlas Mountain Dog | United Kennel Club (UKC)". Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  6. ^ Fogle, Bruce. The New Encyclopedia of the Dog. London: Doring Kindersley, 2003. ISBN 978-0-7894-6130-8
  7. ^ "Breed Standards : Atlas Mountain Dog | United Kennel Club (UKC)". Retrieved 2022-02-24.
  8. ^ a b Grandjean, Dominique DVM. The Royal Canin Dog Encyclopedia. Paris, France; Aniwa Publishing, 2005.
  9. ^ Hall, Sian. Dogs of Africa. Loveland, CO: Alpine Blue Ribbon Books, 2003. ISBN 978-1-57779-039-6
  10. ^ De Prisco, Andrew and Johnson, James B. The Mini-Atlas of Dog Breeds. Neptune City, NJ: TFH Publications, 1990. ISBN 978-0-86622-091-0
  11. ^ American Rare Breed Association Aidi Standard

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]