Aiga-i-le-Tai

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Aiga-i-le-Tai
District
Satellite photo showing Manono & Apolima islands & west end of Upolu under clouds. (NASA photo, 2006).
Satellite photo showing Manono & Apolima islands & west end of Upolu under clouds. (NASA photo, 2006).
Map of Samoa showing Aiga-i-le-Tai district
Map of Samoa showing Aiga-i-le-Tai district
Country  Samoa
Population (2001)
 • Total 4,508
Time zone -11

Aiga-i-le-Tai is a district of Samoa[1] which includes the small islands of Manono, Apolima and tiny uninhabited Nu'ulopa lying in the Apolima Strait between the country's two main islands of Upolu and Savai'i.

The district includes part of the mainland at the western end of Upolu and surrounds an exclave of A'ana district, namely Satuimalufilufi village.

Historically, Manono island has been the centre of the district. In modern times, the main centre is Mulifanua where the inter-island ferry terminal is located for ocean crossings between Savai'i and Upolu.

With an area of only 27 km², Aiga-i-le-Tai is the smallest electoral district[2] in the country with a population (2001 Census) of 4,508. Va'a-o-Fonoti is the only electoral district with a smaller population.

The words 'aiga i le tai literally means 'family by the sea' in the Samoan language.

Chief titles[edit]

Main article: Fa'amatai

Historically, the naval power of Manono and Apolima played a major role in political power-struggles between the national clans.

One of the most important chiefly (matai) titles in the district is Leiataua. The district is also a major leg of the Sa Malietoa clan. Manono plays an important part in the election of the Malietoa title-holders, as Malie village must consult with Manono in the election of title holders, hence the importance of the Malietoa title in this district.[citation needed]

Mulifanua ferry terminal[edit]

Today, the ferry terminal at Mulifanua, situated on the northwest coast of Upolu, is the second-most important port on the island, after the busiest harbour in the capital Apia. The port is the main inter-island connection to Savai'i island. A regular passenger and vehicle ferry operates seven days a week, during the day, between Mulifanua and Salelologa ferry terminal on Savai'i. Views of Apolima and Manono can be seen during the crossing.

Archaeology[edit]

Archaeology in Samoa has uncovered pre-historic Lapita pottery sherds and adzes at Mulifanua, discovered during expansion work on the wharf in 1973. The oldest date so far from pre-historic remains at Mulifanua has been calculated by New Zealand scientists to a likely true age of circa 3,000 BP (Before Present). The submerged Lapita site was accidentally discovered in the 1970s during work to expand the inter-island ferry berth.[3] This is the only site in Samoa where decorated Lapita sherds have been found[4] although plainware pottery remains are found in other parts of Samoa and American Samoa.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and Housing Census Report 2006" (PDF). Samoa Bureau of Statistics. July 2008. Retrieved 18 December 2009. 
  2. ^ "Samoa Territorial Constituencies Act 1963". Pacific Islands Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 15 December 2009. 
  3. ^ Journal of the Polynesian Society: New Information For The Ferry Berth Site, Mulifanua, Western Samoa, By H. M. Leach, P 319-330 New Information for the Ferry Berth Site, Mulifanua, Western Samoa by Roger C. Green & Helen M. Leach, Journal of the Polynesian Society, Vol. 98, No. 3, 1989. Retrieved 23 April 2010
  4. ^ [1] Temper sands in prehistoric Oceanian pottery: geotectonics, sedimentology, petrography, provenance by William R. Dickinson, p.34.Retrieved 23 April 2010

Coordinates: 13°52′S 172°4′W / 13.867°S 172.067°W / -13.867; -172.067