Aiglun, Alpes-Maritimes

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A general view of the village
A general view of the village
Coat of arms of Aiglun
Coat of arms
Aiglun is located in France
Coordinates: 43°51′30″N 6°54′54″E / 43.8583°N 6.915°E / 43.8583; 6.915Coordinates: 43°51′30″N 6°54′54″E / 43.8583°N 6.915°E / 43.8583; 6.915
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-Maritimes
Arrondissement Grasse
Canton Saint-Auban
Intercommunality Monts d'Azur
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Didier Nicolas
Area1 15.37 km2 (5.93 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 91
 • Density 5.9/km2 (15/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 06001 / 06910
Elevation 373–1,541 m (1,224–5,056 ft)
(avg. 624 m or 2,047 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aiglun is a French commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southeastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aiglenois or Aiglenoises.[1]


Aiglun is a remote mountain commune some 40 km north-east of Nice in a straight line. There are only two access routes to the commune - the first by Highway D17 from Roquesteron to the east. Heading west on Highway D17 continue left onto Highway D10 which continues via a mountainous route into the commune and the village of Aiglun. The other access is the continuation of Highway D10 west from Aiglun over a circuitous mountain route to Le Mas. The Estéron river passes through the commune south of the village and forms part of the western border of the commune as well as a small portion of the eastern border. Numerous streams feed into this river in the commune.

The northern part of the commune consists of high snow-capped mountains while the southern part is less high mountains. There are few roads however there are four hamlets in the Esteron Valley: Vascogne, Les Lones, Le Colombier, and L'Escle.[2]

Neighbouring Communes and Villages[edit]


In 1388 the village of Aiglun was under the protection of the House of Savoy like the rest of the region during the "Dédition of Nice to Savoy"[3] from 1388.

At the Treaty of Turin on 24 March 1760, the commune became French (the kingdom of France and that of Sardinia then proceeded to boundary adjustments and therefore there was an exchange of territories).


The name of the town appears for the first time in texts around 1200 in the form Ayglezuni. This was derived from the Latin word Aquila, meaning "eagle", and the Gallic dunum, meaning "height" and signifies as a whole the "height of the eagle".[4]


Arms of Aiglun

Azure, a spread eagle of Argent over a salmon the same.


List of Successive Mayors of Aiglun[5]

The Town Hall
Mayors from 1942
From To Name Party Position
1942 1945 François BLANC
1945 1978 Pierre MARTIN
1978 2001 Marius BLANC
2001 2005 Irene Montiglio SE
2005 2014 Charles Bremond DVD
2014 2020 Didier Nicolas

(Not all data is known)


In 2009 the commune had 91 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1] [Note 2]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
240 203 261 250 266 248 351 366 380
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
344 286 286 272 268 218 187 241 175
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
150 152 142 100 115 110 123 95 90
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2009 - -
58 50 70 94 91 106 91 - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

The Estéron river
Aiglun War Memorial
Population of Aiglun

Sites and Monuments[edit]

The village is known for its steep climbing walls over 200 metres high with high difficulty routes. The Aiglun canyon is also popular for canyoning enthusiasts.

Aiglun Picture Gallery[edit]

Notable People linked to the commune[edit]

  • Fanny Robiane. Daughter of Joseph Robin, who was mayor of Aiglun in the early 20th century, this French theatre actress died in 1982 at Aiglun, where she retired and she has left a rich archive (autographed books, including by Armand Godoy, Jean-Richard Bloch and others; pictures; clippings, etc.). Her memory is still alive with the people of Aiglun (the Aiglenois) who knew her and plans are underway to honour her. A cultural association sponsored among others by the commune and the General Council launched since 2004 called "Fanny Robiane Encounter" devoted to theatre, poetry, music and other one-time cultural events are scheduled throughout the year. Sometimes these events are carried out in collaboration with the University of Nice.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]


  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
  2. ^ In the census table and the graph, by convention in Wikipedia, and to allow a fair comparison between five yearly censuses, the principle has been retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 displayed in the census table and the graph that shows populations for the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc.. , as well as the latest legal population published by INSEE


  1. ^ Inhabitants of Alpes-Maritimes (French)
  2. ^ Google Maps
  3. ^ This was a charter of 28 September 1388 which attached Nice to the new territories of Provence for the House of Savoy. See Dédition de Nice à la Savoie in the French Wikipedia
  4. ^ Ernest Nègre, Toponymie générale de la France: etymology of 35,000 place names, Genève: Librairie Droz, 1990. Collection of Roman and French Publications, volume 193. Volume I : Preceltic, Celtic, and Roman words, § 2725, p. 173,
  5. ^ List of Mayors of France

External links[edit]