Aigre

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Aigre
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Aigre
Coat of arms
Aigre is located in France
Aigre
Aigre
Coordinates: 45°53′42″N 0°00′40″E / 45.895°N 0.011°E / 45.895; 0.011Coordinates: 45°53′42″N 0°00′40″E / 45.895°N 0.011°E / 45.895; 0.011
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Charente
Arrondissement Confolens
Canton Charente-Nord
Intercommunality Pays Aigre
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Jean-Paul Ayrault
Area1 6.59 km2 (2.54 sq mi)
Population (2014)2 1,093
 • Density 170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 16005 /16140
Elevation 62–129 m (203–423 ft)
(avg. 68 m or 223 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aigre (About this sound pronunciation ) is a commune in the Charente department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aigrinois or Aigrinoises[1]

The commune has been awarded one flower by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.[2]

Geography[edit]

Rape fields and sky

Location and access[edit]

Aigre is located in the north-west of the Charente department 40 kilometres north of Angoulême. The town lies within the borders of the former provinces of Angoumois, Saintonge, and Poitou.

The department of Charente is not served by the French motorway network so access by the A10 autoroute is by National Route N10 at Exit Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 30  Poitiers-Sud in the north and by the former National Route N739 from Exit 34, Saint-Jean-d'Angely in the west.

The commune is traversed by three former national roads: the D739 which connects Tonnay-Charente to Fontafie, the D736 which connects Ruffec to Saint-Fort-sur-le-Né, and the D737 which connects Nanteuil to Angouleme.[3]

The local railway station is Luxé station on the Paris-Bordeaux line. It is served by the TER Poitou-Charentes network and the TGV passes without stopping. The Saint-Angeau to Segonzac line once passed through Aigre.

The nearest airport is the Angoulême-Cognac Airport.[4]

Hamlets and localities[edit]

The main hamlets are L'Ouche and Saint-Méxant to the north-west. The commune has only a few isolated farms such as La Combe and Cessac and the subdivision of La Broussette and the Castle of Crève-Cœur in the west. In the south-east there are La Servanterie, the college zone of Reuclos and Aizef at their limits with Marcillac-Lanville are essentially joined to the urban core.[3]

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

Geology and terrain[edit]

The geology of the commune is limestone from the Jurassic period, part of the Aquitaine Basin as with all the northern half of Charente. The commune is on an Upper Jurassic area, specifically the Kimmeridgian. A small area of sandy soil dating from the Quaternary period covers the plateau in the south-west of the commune and alluvium (silt and clay) cover the Aume Valley on the north-eastern border. The oldest alluvium has accumulated in terraces mainly in the north of the commune.[5][6][7][8]

The south of the commune is a plateau. The Aume Valley is near the north-eastern border near the town. The highest point of the commune is at an altitude of 129m located on the south-eastern boundary (IGN marker). The lowest point is 62m located on the eastern boundary along the Aume at Aizef. The town is built in an old loop of the river and is 65m above sea level.[3]

Hydrography[edit]

Aigre is traversed by the river Aume which has its source in Bouin (Deux-Sèvres) and flows into the Charente river at Ambérac. The Aume passes through the town which is built mainly on the right bank.

The Aume divides into several branches, some of which pass through the old town.

There are also some fountains such as the Font du Geau at the foot of the Crève-Cœur Castle.[3]

Climate[edit]

Aigre has an oceanic Aquitaine climate but like all the department underwent Cyclone Lothar and Martin in 1999, and Cyclone Klaus in 2009, and a memorable flood in December 1982.

Toponymy[edit]

Aigre comes from the Latin Acriacis or villa Acriacii meaning that the village was built around the property of a rich Gallo-Roman named Acrius. At the end of the 13th century Aigre appears in the form Acriacis then Agria in the 17th century.[9]

History[edit]

There is mention of a church in the 13th century.

Nothing is left of a Castle located at a place called Saint-Mexant which was the subject of fortification works in 1472 except the dovecote, the enclosure, and the moat in 1906. The chapel built before 1706 has also been destroyed.[10]

Aigre belonged to the Lordship of Marcillac and was a very poor vicarage of the archpriest of Ambérac. It was vacant and annexed to Mons from the 15th century. In 1789, a priest for Aigre was finally provided.

Marie de Medici stopped over in Aigre in 1619.

In the 16th century a large part of the population became part of the reformation and together with Marcillac formed a Protestant parish of the Synod of Poitou. Protestantism was prohibited in Marcillac in 1665 then on 31 March 1667 a decision of the grand Seneschal of Poitou ordered the closure of the Protestant place of worship in Aigre.[11]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Aigre
Blazon:

Or, a bend sinister of azure charged with a bunch of grapes surmounted by an ear of corn at sinister 2 ears of wheat in bouquet, the whole of Or debruised at dexter by a snail the same shelled azure, the whole accompanied at sinister by 13 Gouttes set in an arc: 4 in chief azure, 3 on bend of Or, and 6 at sinister azure.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Aigre[12]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2008 Philippe Combaud SE Insurer
2008 2020 Jean-Paul Ayrault SE Agricultural technician

(Not all data is known)

Taxation[edit]

Taxation is a rate of 16.05% on buildings, 49.81% on undeveloped land, 7.13% for residence tax, and business tax of 11.48% (2007 rates).

The Community of communes levies 2.61% on buildings, 6.06% on undeveloped land, 1.09% for residence tax, and business tax of 1.45%.

Twinning[edit]

Aigre has twinning associations with:[13]

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 1,087 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,310 1,428 1,383 1,423 1,564 - 1,662 1,688 1,755
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,689 1,812 1,846 1,762 1,770 1,678 1,578 1,510 1,453
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,374 1,406 1,449 1,343 1,310 1,208 1,210 1,188 1,177
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
1,243 1,150 1,165 1,166 1,176 1,141 - 1,087 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Aigre

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Aigre and Charente Department in 2009

Aigre Aigre Charente Charente
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 15.2 10.6 17.3 15.5
15 to 29 Years 11.0 8.8 16.4 14.4
30 to 44 Years 16.2 13.8 19.2 18.5
45 to 59 Years 19.9 16.5 22.2 21.5
60 to 74 Years 22.5 19.6 15.8 16.2
75 to 89 Years 14.4 24.4 8.6 12.3
90 Years+ 0.8 6.3 0.5 1.6

Sources:

It is clear that the population is elderly, especially for women.

Economy[edit]

The Wheat mill, called the Moulin du Château dates from the 18th century and was converted in the 19th century to using the driving force of the water for the workshop for making Angelus liqueur.

Currently, it has become the Gautier distillery[14] which in 1990 employed 32 people at the plant and 20 in sales.[15]

Cognac Gautier joined the Berger group in 1975 which was itself taken over by the Marie Brizard group in 1995.

Facilities, services, and local life[edit]

Education[edit]

The secondary college of Osme hosts 180-200 students from the 6th to the 3rd divided into eight classes.[16]

Aigre also has a primary school with four classes.[17]

Services[edit]

As the capital of the Canton, Aigre has a police station and a rescue centre.

Sports[edit]

Cycling[edit]

The cycling track is located in the town. The club is called ACJAR[18] and they organize several amateur races in the north-west of Charente such as the Criterium of Villejésus and the Tour of Aigre country. In 2010, the club organized, with the French federation of wheelchair sports, the championship of France of for wheelchair cycling in the commune of Saint-Fraigne.

The town had already been traversed by the Tour de France but in 2009 for the first time it held the 1st stage in the 23rd Tour du Poitou-Charentes and the victory of Anthony Ravard on 25 August 2009. The start of the second stage took place the next day at Rouillac.

Bicycle touring has increased since the CC Aigrinois organized a biennial event called the Coco Trainaud whose last event was held on 15 May 2011. It is named after a former rider who has done a lot for local cycling.

Football[edit]

Soccer is a major sport in the commune with a club founded in 1902 that participated in the USFSA championship of Charentes before the First World War. Thereafter the club has long been at the regional level and was in 1968 the winner of the Challenge of the Central-West League.[19]

Sites and Monuments[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has several sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A House at l'Ouche (1793)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20]
  • A House at Rue de l'Eglise (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[21]
  • A House at 17 Rue de l'Eglise (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[22]
  • A House at Rue des Planches (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[23]
  • A Flour Mill at 28 Rue des Ponts (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[24]
  • A House at 2 Rue de la Servanterie (1774)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[25]
  • A House at RN 736 (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[26]
  • A Chateau at Saint Mexant (destroyed) (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[27]
  • Houses and Farms (15th, 18th-19th centuries)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[28]
  • A Chateau at Crève-Coeur (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[29]

There is a large Private Collection of registered historical objects in the commune. For a complete list of these items with links to descriptions (in French) click here.

Religious Heritage[edit]

The Church

The commune has two religious sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Chapel at Saint Mexant (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[30]
  • The Parish Church of Saint Pierre (1875).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[31] The church was first built in 1620 then rebuilt in 1868 but collapsed in 1870 and was rebuilt again from 1874 to 1877. The bell tower spire was completed in masonry in 1882. The church contains a number of items that are registered as historical objects:

Environmental heritage[edit]

Aigre is located on the Aume river.

Notable People linked to the commune[edit]

René Gautier
  • Paul Flamand, founder of Editions du Seuil was born in Aigre
  • Louis Gustave Chauveaud, botanist and anatomist was born in Aigre
  • Bertrand Hériard Dubreuil, a graduate of the Ecole Centrale de Lille, head of Ceras
  • René François Gautier, born 25 April 1851 in Aigre, died 30 August 1936 in Paris, son of Louis Gautier MP for Charente who resigned in 1880. Reelected in 1881 then defeated in 1885, he recovered his seat from 1893 to 1898 as a Bonapatist in the "Appeal to the people" group. He was a councilor in the Canton of Aigre.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Charente (French)
  2. ^ Aigre in the Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom (French)
  3. ^ a b c d IGN Map on the Géoportail (French)
  4. ^ Angouleme-Cognac Airport website (French)
  5. ^ BRGM Map on Géoportail (French)
  6. ^ Infoterre Visualiser, BRGM website (French)
  7. ^ Notice on Matha, BRGM, 1986, Infoterre, consulted on 20 November 2011 (French)
  8. ^ Notice on Mansle, BRGM, 1984, Infoterre, consulted on 13 November 2011 (French)
  9. ^ Jean-Marie Cassagne and Stéphane Seguin, Origin of the names of towns and villages in Charente, Jean-Michel Bordessoules, 1998, 311 pages, p. 10, ISBN 2-913471-06-4 (French)
  10. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00040743 Castle of Saint-Mexant (French)
  11. ^ Dr. Joseph Mouclier, Some historical notes on the 82 communes of the Arrondissement of Ruffec - Vol. I, The town of Ruffec and the communes of the Canton of Aigre, - Local studies, January–February 1921, see: Aigre on charente.free (French)
  12. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  13. ^ National Commission for Decentralised cooperation (French)
  14. ^ The Cognac Gautier website (French)
  15. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00066106 Moulin du Château (French)
  16. ^ Collèges, Academic Inspection of Charente website, consulted on 20 March 2011 (French)
  17. ^ Directory of Schools, Academic Inspection of Charente website, consulted on 20 March 2011 (French)
  18. ^ Cyclist Association of Jarnac, Aigre, and Rouillac, consulted on 21 March 2010 (French)
  19. ^ Football, Challenge Centre-Ouest (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00040742 House at l'Ouche (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00040915 House at Rue de l'Eglise (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00040741 House at 17 Rue de l'Eglise (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00040917 House at Rue des Planches (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00066106 Flour Mill at 28 Rue des Ponts (French)Camera aabb.svg
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00040740 House at 2 Rue de la Servanterie (French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00040916 House at RN 736 (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00040743 Chateau at Saint Mexant (French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00040739 House at RN 736 (French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00040737 Chateau at Crève-Coeur (French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00040744 Chapel at Saint Mexant (French)
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00040738 Parish Church of Saint Pierre (French)
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM16001553 Bronze Bell called Marie Louise (French)
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM16001552 Altar and Tabernacle (French)
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM16001551 Altar and Tabernacle (French)
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM16001550 Altar and Tabernacle (French)
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM16001549 2 Stained glass windows: Saint Louis and Saint Radegonde (French)
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM16001548 3 Stained glass windows of people (French)
  38. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM16001547 Portal (French)

External links[edit]