Aigues-Vives, Aude

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Aigues-Vives
The Town Hall
The Town Hall
Coat of arms of Aigues-Vives
Coat of arms
Location of Aigues-Vives
Aigues-Vives is located in France
Aigues-Vives
Aigues-Vives
Aigues-Vives is located in Occitanie
Aigues-Vives
Aigues-Vives
Coordinates: 43°13′55″N 2°32′03″E / 43.2319°N 2.5342°E / 43.2319; 2.5342Coordinates: 43°13′55″N 2°32′03″E / 43.2319°N 2.5342°E / 43.2319; 2.5342
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
DepartmentAude
ArrondissementCarcassonne
CantonLe Haut-Minervois
IntercommunalityCarcassonne Agglo
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Jean-Louis Cassignol
Area
1
10.21 km2 (3.94 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
588
 • Density58/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
11001 /11800
Elevation55–109 m (180–358 ft)
(avg. 55 m or 180 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Aigues-Vives is a commune in the Aude department in the Occitanie region of southern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aigues-Vivois or Aigues-Vivoises[2]

Geography[edit]

Localisation[edit]

Aigues-Vives is located in the north-east of Aude department in the Minervois area some 50 km west by north-west of Narbonne and 14 km east by north-east from Carcassonne. It is traversed by Highway D206 going north-east from Badens through the heart of the commune and the town and continues north-east out of the commune to Rieux-Minervois. Highway D57 also traverses the commune from Laure-Minervois in the north intersecting the Highway D206 in the town of Aigues-Vives and continuing south to join the east-west D610 highway.

The commune is entirely farmland except for the town and a hill on the western edge. There are a few scattered buildings but no villages or towns other than Aigues-Vives. The Ruisseau de Puits flows from the hill in the west to north of the town where it joins the Canal Nord. There are a few other streams in the commune including the Reals, the Mirausse, the Genet, the Mijane, the Canet, the Neuf, the Canal Sud, and the Rigole d'Aigues-Vives.[3]

Map of Aigues-Vives and its surrounding communes

Neighbouring Communes and Villages[3][edit]

History[edit]

The first document attesting to the existence of Aigues-Vives was transcribed from the Latin Aquaviva in 994, although some say 993. It was an exchange between Udulgarius, Abbot of Caunes (Minervois) and Roger Trencavel, Viscount of Carcassonne.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Aigues-Vives
Blazon:

Bendy sinister of 4 Or and Vert.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Aigues-Vives[4]

Mayors from the 17th century to 1929
From To Name
1610 Pierre Durand
1629 Guandalgues
1680 Poudoum
1715 Charle Pierson
1732 Jacques Souleze
1734 Charles Turcy
1736 Antoine Linieres
1738 Jean Souleze
1745 Brousses
1755 Jean Brousses
1758 Brel
1792 1793 Marc Roquefere
1793 1795 Claude Gouiric
1795 1821 Marc Roquefere
1821 1821 Barthélémy Bedon
1821 1826 Jacques Pages
1826 1831 Guillaume Amouroux
1831 1835 Jean Gaches
1835 1843 Guillaume Amouroux
1843 1846 Guillaume Amouroux (nephew)
1848 1864 Jean Gaches
1864 1870 François Gaches
1870 1874 Joseph Cabrol
1874 1880 François Gaches
1880 1892 Bernard Pages
1892 1900 Célestin Luc
1900 1929 Eugène Ressier
Mayors from 1929
From To Name Party Position
1929 1944 Maurice Gleizes
1944 1946 Emile Bonnafous
1946 1959 Paul Caveriviere
1959 1965 Georges Marc
1965 1977 Jean-Pascal Andure
1977 1981 Jean-Paul Combes
1981 1989 Gabriel Chevalier PS
1989 2001 Jean-Pascal Andure FN
2001 Current Jean-Louis Cassignol DVD

(Not all data is known)

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
2006484—    
2007504+4.1%
2008514+2.0%
2009517+0.6%
2010519+0.4%
2011521+0.4%
2012527+1.2%
2013535+1.5%
2014552+3.2%
2015568+2.9%
2016579+1.9%

Economy[edit]

Viticulture: Minervois AOC, Coteaux de peyriac,[5] and Languedoc AOC. Its territory is planted with olive trees, apple trees, and rice.

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Tile factory (1835)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • The Cooperative Wine Cellar (1937)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • The Wine distillery (1889)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • Land with archaeological remains at Pataran cemeteryLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • The War memorial at Route de Badens (20th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[10]
Other sites of interest
  • The Étang de Marseillette (Marseillette Pond) is adjacent to the village of Aigues-Vives but dried up in the 19th century. This depression of about 2000 hectares is irrigated by the Aude. The land is covered with crops mainly vineyards and apple orchards. The area of the dried-up pond of Marseillette is next to the Aigues-Vives houses.
  • A stately tower of the 13th century next to the church.
  • The natural bridge of Saint-Jean.

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has one religious building that is registered as an historical monument:

  • The Church of Saint Alexandre (1530) has a towerLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg that is a registered historical monument,[11] a Gothic chevet and a tower adjoining the church (which serves as a bell tower and whose bell dates to 1562). The Church contains one item that is registered as an historical object:
  • A Discoidal Steles can be seen under the Porch of the church.
  • The Cemetery contains 2 Funerary Steles (Middle Ages)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[13]

Local life[edit]

In 1902, thanks to the Mayor, Eugene Ressier, Aigues-Vives became an electrified village. The STMF (Société Méridionale de Transport de Force), which was founded in 1900 by Joachim Estrade, installed electricity in the village.

Celebration and Culture[edit]

Each year on the second Saturday in October, the "Cavinades" festival is held where winemakers offer tastings of their wine - white, rosé or red from the wine country Coteaux de Peyriac and Minervois.

On the following day each year there is also a celebration for apples, wine and rice.

Notable People linked to the commune[edit]

  • Pierre Bayle, a potter/ceramist, born in Aigues-Vives on 3 June 1945, died on 18 March 2004 in Béziers.
  • Lucien Trougnoux called Louis, born on 25 August 1901 in Louans (Indre-et-Loire),[14] died in June 1945 at the sanatorium in Goisern (Austria) was a French Resistance fighter. He refused the surrender of France in 1940 and the system of the French State of Petain-Laval. He was active in the French resistance. He was a member of a group affiliated with the OSS (Office of Strategic Services of the USA). In Carcassonne he ran the departmental office supplying straw and fodder which served as a cover. He was the central mailbox of the "Fred Tommy Brown" network and he kept the radio transmitter in his office in Carcassonne, then later at Aigues-Vives post office which was run by his wife. On Thursday, 17 November 1943, Lucien Trougnoux was arrested by the Gestapo and the French milice in his home in the Aigues-Vives Post Office (which still stands in 2007). He was imprisoned in the Baumettes Prison in Marseille until early March 1944. He was then deported to Mauthausen. Liberated in May 1945, Lucien Trougnoux died of sickness on 31 May 1945 at the sanatorium of the 1st Army of Colmar in Goisern (Austria).[15]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Devic & Dom Vaissete, General History of Languedoc, Toulouse (Privat) 1872-1885. ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  • Mahul, Cartulary and Archives of the former Diocese and the Arrondissement of Carcassonne, Paris (Didron-Dumoulin) 1857-1885. ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  • Antoine Sabarthès, Topographical Dictionary of Aude, Paris (Imprimerie Nationale) 1912. ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  • Baichère, Historical Notes and observations on the Church, rural chapels, and old taxes, Academy of Arts and Sciences of Carcassonne in 1909. ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  • Auzias & Rancoule, Various notes, Gallo-Roman Archaeology, Aigues-Vives, Society of Scientific Studies of Aude in Carcassonne 1978. ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  • Marie-Elise Gardel, Frédéric Loppe and Corinne Sanchez, Aigues-Vives (Aude), a village in the Minervois: historical and archaeological study, Lay Association of Carcassonne History of Aigues-Vives (Aude), 2008, ISBN 978-2-9502965-1-1. ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  • Abbot Utheza, Monograph of Aigues-Vives (Aude). ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  • Christophe Monié, A History of the drying up of the Marseillette pond the period Camman 1900-1942, Aigues-Vives November 2012. ‹See Tfd›(in French)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Inhabitants of Aude ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  3. ^ a b IGN Map on Géoportail
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France
  5. ^ Wine Appellation (AOC). See "Coteaux de peyriac" in the French Wikipedia
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00128150 Tile factory ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée EA30000014 Cooperative Wine Cellar ‹See Tfd›(in French)Camera aabb.svg
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00128149 Wine distillery ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00102943 Land with archaeological remains ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM11000131 War memorial at Route de Badens ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00102507 Church of Saint Alexandre ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM11000589 Chalice with Paten ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM11000588 2 Funerary steles ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  14. ^ Deported Resistance born in Indre-et-Loire
  15. ^ Official Journal of France on French deportees Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine, 2001 ‹See Tfd›(in French)