Aigun District

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Aigun
瑷珲区
District
Aigun is located in Heilongjiang
Aigun
Aigun
Location in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 50°14′28″N 127°29′36″E / 50.24111°N 127.49333°E / 50.24111; 127.49333Coordinates: 50°14′28″N 127°29′36″E / 50.24111°N 127.49333°E / 50.24111; 127.49333
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
Prefecture-level city Heihe
Township-level divisions 9 subdistricts
8 towns
1 township
1 ethnic township
District seat Huayuan Subdistrict (花园街道)
Area
 • Total 1,443 km2 (557 sq mi)
Elevation 134 m (440 ft)
Population
 • Total 197,240
 • Density 140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 164300
Area code(s) 0456

Aigun District (simplified Chinese: 瑷珲区; traditional Chinese: 瑷琿區; pinyin: Àihún Qū) is an administrative district and the seat of the prefecture-level city of Heihe, Heilongjiang Province, People's Republic of China. It is located on the right (south-western) bank of the Amur River, across which is Blagoveshchensk, Amur Oblast, Russia. According to the prefectural government, the land area of Aigun District is 1,443 km2 (557 sq mi), the population is 197,240 people.[when?] On 17 May 2015 the district name was revert back to the original from Aihui (爱辉) to Aigun (瑷珲).[1]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Aigun is divided into four subdistricts, three towns, five township, and three ethnic townships:[2]

Subdistricts:

Towns:

Townships:

Demographics[edit]

About 18,500 persons (9.4% of the entire population) belong to ethnic minorites (Manchu, Hui, Daur, Oroqen etc.).[3]

Dawujia village, home of some of the last remaining native Manchu language speakers, is located in Aihui District.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Main article: Aigun

The district's Aigun Town (瑷珲, Aihun), and for more than two centuries since its founding in the 1680s was one of the most important towns of Northern Manchuria.

In 1913 Aigun became the county seat of the newly created Aigun County (瑷珲县, Aihun xian), which was in December 1956 renamed Aihui County (爱辉县). On November 15, 1980, Heihe City was created, and on June 6, 1983, Aihui County was abolished, being merged into the Heihe City.[3]

To further complicate the situation, in 1993 the former Heihe City (a county-level administrative unit) was reorganized into Aihui District (also a county-level unit), while the former Heihe Prefecture (黑河地区) became Heihe Prefecture-level City (which consists of Aihui District and a number of counties).[3] This administrative division has been in effect ever since.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "区划调整为龙江经济社会腾飞添翼". http://hlj.hljnews.cn/. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  2. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:爱辉区 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  3. ^ a b c 爱辉区概况 (Aihui District overview) (Chinese)