Aiken Winter Colony
In the late 19th century, Aiken, South Carolina gained fame as a wintering spot for wealthy people from the Northeast. The Aiken Winter Colony was established by Thomas Hitchcock, Sr. and William C. Whitney. Over the years Aiken became a winter home for many famous and notable people including, George H. Bostwick, James B. Eustis, Madeleine Astor, William Kissam Vanderbilt, Eugene Grace president of Bethlehem Steel, Allan Pinkerton, W. Averell Harriman, Seymour H. Knox II and his sister Dorothy Knox Goodyear Rogers heir to the Woolworth fortune, Devereaux Milburn, C. Oliver and Hope Goddard Iselin and many others.
The roots of the Winter Colony reach back to Celestine E. Eustis. Celestine was the guardian of her niece Louise and brought her to Aiken for visits. Louise, who married New York financier Thomas Hitchcock, Sr. joined with him to establish the roots of the Winter Colony. Hitchcock brought his wealthy friend William C. Whitney of the prominent Whitney family to Aiken to enjoy the climate and the loamy clay soil perfect for their stables of horses. As a result, the formations of the Winter Colony were established.