Ailhon

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Ailhon
Ailhon village
Ailhon village
Location of Ailhon
Ailhon is located in France
Ailhon
Ailhon
Ailhon is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Ailhon
Ailhon
Coordinates: 44°35′56″N 4°20′34″E / 44.5989°N 4.3428°E / 44.5989; 4.3428Coordinates: 44°35′56″N 4°20′34″E / 44.5989°N 4.3428°E / 44.5989; 4.3428
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
DepartmentArdèche
ArrondissementLargentière
CantonAubenas-2
IntercommunalityBassin d'Aubenas
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Jean-Paul Lardy
Area
1
7.8 km2 (3.0 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
560
 • Density72/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
07002 /07200
Elevation258–544 m (846–1,785 ft)
(avg. 406 m or 1,332 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Ailhon is a French commune in the Ardèche department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of southern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ailhonnais or Ailhonnaises[1]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Located at an altitude of 406 metres, Ailhon is a commune in the Canton of Aubenas and the Arrondissement of Largentière, some 5 km south-west of Aubenas. It can be accessed by the D223 road from Prades in the north, a tortuous mountain road which continues south through the commune, without passing near the village, to join the D103. Access to the village is by the D235 from Aubenas in the north-east to the hamlet of La Charberterie in the north of the commune then the D359 south to the village continuing south to Merzelet. The commune is characterised by a large area with mountainous terrain heavily forested with a network of small mountain roads and many scattered hamlets.[2]

Numerous streams cover the commune with the Ruisseau du Gary rising in the north and flowing the length of the commune gathering many tributaries south-west to join La Lanche which forms the south-western border of the commune. There is also the Auzon which rises just north of the commune and forms the eastern border gathering many tributaries and continues south to join the Ardeche near Saint-Sernin. The Ruisseau d'Ailhon flows through the village east to join the Auzon.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

A prehistoric tomb at Gay and many vestiges at Daus attest to human presence since antiquity.

It was in 1298 when the name of the noble family of Ailhon (Ailhou in patois and Alho in Latin) appeared for the first time when Pierre d'Ailhon sold a nearby fortified house to the house of Mirabel.

During the Wars of Religion, particularly from 1586 to 1591, the village paid a heavy price: the fort was taken and retaken and nothing remains except a tower in the Chabert house south of the village.

In 1670, Ailhon participated in the Roure Revolt, a rebellion caused by a disastrous harvest followed by a rumour of an increase in taxes. The insurgents armed only with scythes and sticks were massacred by the king's armies on the plain of Lavilledieu. The leader of the revolt, Anthoine du Roure, was arrested in Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port and broken on the wheel in Montpellier on 29 October 1670. His body was then exposed on the high road from Montpellier to Nimes and his head placed on top of the Porte Saint-Antoine in Aubenas. A square Jacques Roure was dedicated to his memory in Aubenas (on the proposal of Councillor Durand in 1896). Another square (Anthoine du Roure) also bears his name in Lachapelle-sous-Aubenas.[3]

The disorder during the French Revolution resulted in a band of brigands led by Fourniquet de Chassiers (executed at Saint-Cirgues-de-Prades in May 1800) scouring the territory.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Ailhon[4][edit]

Mayors from the French Revolution to 1904
From To Name Party Position
1793 1794 Antoine Gourdon Public Officer
1794 1798 François Fulachier Public Officer
1798 1808 Antoine Chabert Mayor
1808 1815 Jean Roudil Mayor
1815 1825 Claude Darlix Mayor
1825 1830 Jean-Pierre Jaussen Mayor
1830 1832 Unknown Mayor
1832 1834 François Veyrent Mayor
1834 1848 Jacques Jaussen Mayor
1848 1864 Louis Plantevin Mayor
1864 1870 André Daygues Mayor
1870 1873 Louis Jaussen Mayor
1873 1875 Prosper Roure Mayor
1876 1881 Henri Veyrant Mayor
1881 1890 Gaston Ricard Mayor
1890 1892 Cyprien Arlaud Mayor
1892 1896 Pierre Guibourdenche Mayor
1896 1900 Auguste Roudil Mayor
1900 1904 Xavier Fulachier Mayor
1904 Victorin Reynaud Mayor
Mayors from 1977
From To Name Party Position
1977 2001 Roger Naud
2001 2008 Michel Gilbert
2008 Current Jean Paul Lardy PS

(Not all data is known)

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
2006446—    
2007462+3.6%
2008471+1.9%
2009485+3.0%
2010502+3.5%
2011518+3.2%
2012535+3.3%
2013547+2.2%
2014569+4.0%
2015565−0.7%
2016560−0.9%

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Ailhon and Ardèche Department in 2009

Ailhon Ailhon 'Ardèche 'Ardèche
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 18.7 19.8 18.7 16.9
15 to 29 Years 14.9 12.8 15.4 14.0
30 to 44 Years 18.7 22.9 19.9 18.9
45 to 59 Years 27.7 26.0 21.5 20.6
60 to 74 Years 15.7 11.0 16.1 16.4
75 to 89 Years 3.8 5.7 8.0 11.7
90 Years+ 0.4 1.8 0.4 1.5

Sources:

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections 2nd Round [5][edit]

Election Winning Candidate Party %
2017 Emmanuel Macron EM 67.03
2012 François Hollande PS 64.29
2007 Ségolène Royal PS 62.58
2002 Jacques Chirac RPR 84.45

Sites and Monuments[edit]

  • Daus (a Celtic tumulus): prehistoric site
  • The Church of Saint André (13th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[6] The church was enlarged and revised until the beginning of the 16th century and it houses many sculptures. There is a huge trunk of an Elm tree planted in 1593 - as in many parishes - by order of Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully, to celebrate the conversion to the Catholic religion of Henry IV. Two items in the church are registered as historical objects:

Picture Gallery[edit]

Panoramic views[edit]

General View of Ailhon from the south.
General view of Ailhon from the north.

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Charles Albin Mazon (1828-1908), A Historical Account of the Ancient Parish of Ailhon, Privas, imprimerie centrale, 1905 (in French)

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Ardèche (in French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ L. Gout, J. Roux, J. Volane, History of the Ardèche, E. Tourrette, Aubenas, 1908 (in French)
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France
  5. ^ http://www.lemonde.fr/data/france/presidentielle-2017/
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00116619 Church of Saint André (in French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM07001052 Sarcophagus cover (in French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM07000454 Stoup (in French)