Inside Aillwee Cave
Showing location of Aillwee Cave in Ireland
|Location||County Clare, Ireland|
|Length||1,030 metres (3,380 ft) |
|Elevation||92 metres (302 ft)|
|Discovery||1944. Explored 1973 onwards|
|Show cave length||1,130 metres (3,710 ft) (inc. exit tunnel)|
The cave system consists of over a kilometre of passages leading into the heart of the mountain. Its features include an underground river and a waterfall as well as some large stalactites and stalagmites. The remains of bears can also be seen inside the caves and allusions have been made to it being the last bear den in Ireland. The cave is typical of the Clare caves, consisting in the main of stream passage and ending in a sump. The general direction is east–west but turns due south some 600 metres (2,000 ft) into the cave.
The cave is considerably older than most of the Clare caves and originally contained a large stream. The cave is now largely deserted of the stream and is heavily backfilled with glacial infill. The formations visible on the show cave tour are rarely more than 8,000 years old but calcite samples in the recesses of the cave have been dated to over 350,000 years old.
Discovery and exploration
It was discovered in 1944, when a farmer named Jack McGann followed his dog who was chasing a rabbit. The farmer did not explore very far into the caves, and did not tell anyone of the find for nearly 30 years. He told cavers of the cave in 1973 and that summer the cave was explored as far as a boulder choke. Show cave development began quite soon after.:30
The boulder choke was removed in 1977 and access was gained to the rest of the cave. The Marine Blast tunnel was completed in 1992 to allow a circular trip.
Roughly 300 metres (980 ft) of cave passage is open to the public, one third of the total length of the cave. The tours end at a point called the Highway and exit the cave via a 250-metre (820 ft) man-made tunnel.
In popular culture
- Irish Speleology, Volume 2 No.4 p 19
- Drew, D.P.; Cohen (1980). "Geomorphology and Sediments of Aillwee Cave, Co. Clare, Ireland" (PDF). Proceedings of the University of Bristol Speleological Society. 15 (3): 227–240. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- "An Aill Bhuí". Bunachar Logainmneacha na hÉireann. An Roinn Ealaíon, Oidhreachta agus Gaeltachta. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- Feehan, John (2001), "The Burren Underworld", in O'Connell, J.W.; Korff, Anne, The Book of the Burren, Tir Eolas, pp. 24–30