|"Ain't She Sweet?"|
|Song by Gene Austin|
|B-side||"What Do I Care What Somebody Said"|
|Published||January 17, 1927by Ager, Yellen & Bornstein, Inc.|
|Released||May 13, 1927|
|Recorded||March 15, 1927|
|Studio||Victor Studios, New York City|
|Genre||Jazz, Pop Vocal|
|Gene Austin singles chronology|
"Ain't She Sweet" is a song composed by Milton Ager, with lyrics by Jack Yellen. It was published in 1927 by Ager, Yellen & Bornstein, Inc. It became popular in the first half of the 20th century and typified the Roaring Twenties. Like Happy Days Are Here Again (1929), it became a Tin Pan Alley standard. Both Ager and Yellen were elected to the Songwriters Hall of Fame.
- Lou Gold and The Melody Man – 17 January 1927 (Gennett)
- Ben Bernie and his Orchestra – 1927
- Gene Austin – 1927
- Roy Butler – 1927
- Lillie Derek Christian – 1927
- Dixie Stompers – 1927
- Jack Pettis & His Band – 1927
- Nat Shillkret & The Victor Orchestra – 1927
- Harry Richman – 1927
- Regent Dance Orchestra – 1927
- Bobby Leecan & Robert Cooksey – 1927
- Ted Wallace & His Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra – 1927
- Piccadilly Revels Band – 1927
- Harry Bidgood & His Broadcasters – 1927
- Blue Diamond Orchestra – 1927
- Varsity Eight – 1927
- Johnny Marvin – 1927
- Annette Hanshaw – 1927
- Paul Whiteman's Rhythm Boys – recorded June 20, 1927
- Lillian Roth – 1933
- Brian Lawrence & His Quartet – 1935
- Dixie Demons – 1935
- Hoosier Hot-Shots – 1936
- Jimmie Lunceford & His Orchestra, vocal chorus by Sy Oliver, Trummy Young, & the Lunceford Trio – 1939
- Bob Hannon & John Ryan – 1949
- Mr. Goon-Bones & Mr. Ford – 1949
- Paul Ash and his Orchestra
- Winifred Atwell – Decca
- Frank Banta
- Pearl Bailey – 1949 Harmony
- Bunny Berigan & His Orchestra – 1940
- Sally Blair – EMI Records Group, N.A.
- Eddie Cantor
- Judy Carmichael – 1985
- Benny Carter – Contemporary
- Bill Coleman, Stephane Grappelli – Classic Jazz Records
- Jackie Davis – Capitol
- Eric Delaney and his Band – EMI
- Tommy Dorsey – Decca
- The Dukes of Dixieland – Audio Fidelity
- Erroll Garner
- Ken Griffin – Columbia
- Annette Hanshaw – 1927 – Pathé Actuelle
- Fletcher Henderson – Disques Swing Records
- Joe "Mr Piano" Henderson – Pye UK Records
- The Milt Herth Trio – Coral
- Michael Holliday – on his album Mike (1962)
- Ferlin Husky – 1959
- Jack Hylton and his Orchestra – EMI
- Harry James & His Orchestra – 1945
- Sammy Kaye – 1960
- Enoch Light and his Orchestra
- Meade Lewis
- Guy Lombardo & His Royal Canadians – 1966
- Jimmie Lunceford and his Orchestra – 1939 – Columbia
- Johnny Maddox – Dot
- The Johnny Mann Singers – Liberty
- Billy May – Capitol Arthur Murray Cha Cha Mambos – 1955
- The Modernaires – Coral
- The Moms and Dads – Crescendo
- Joyce Moody and Earl Wentz – Sixpence Inc.
- Russ Morgan and his Orchestra – Capitol
- Eddie Peabody
- Mel Powell Trio
- Duffy Power
- Frank Sinatra – recorded April 10, 1962, for Reprise Records.
- Johnny Douglas Band and the Johnston Brothers
- The Embassy Singers and Players
- Ada Moore, Jimmy Rushing, & Buck Clayton and his Orchestra.
- Geordie Hormel with Bill Hitchcock and His Band.
- The Sensations feat. Yvonne Mills
- Bob Scobey
- Georgie's Varsity 5
- Dig Richards and the R'Jays
- Russ Conway
- The Crew-Cuts
- The Doowackadoolers
- Johnathan & Darlene Edwards
- Billy Cotton, Kathy Kay, and Alan Breeze
- Pete Drake
- Bob Hammer Band
- The Lords
- Jimmy Smith
- Big Joe Turner – Classic Jazz Records
- Gene Vincent & the Blue Caps – 1956 Capitol
- Ben Webster, Frank Rosolino – Contemporary
- Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra – Ranwood
- Coco Briaval – Sunset France/Harmonia Mundi
- Lena Zavaroni – Hold Tight, It's Lena BBC Records (UK, 1982)
- Raul Seixas and his Band – 1992 – Raul Vivo
Ain't She Sweet was also recorded by Fabian Forte, Hoosier Hot Shots, Ray Anthony, Nat King Cole, Tiny Hill , The Playboys, The Viscounts, and Frankie Lymon. The song was also covered in 1990 on the album Funk of Ages by Bernie Worrell and several former members of Parliament-Funkadelic.
Versions by the Beatles
|"Ain't She Sweet"|
|Single by the Beatles|
|Released||29 May 1964 (UK)
|Recorded||22 or 24 June 1961[nb 1]|
|Studio||Friedrich-Ebert-Halle, Hamburg[nb 2]|
|Genre||Rock and roll|
|The Beatles UK singles chronology|
|The Beatles US singles chronology|
The Beatles regularly performed the song live from 1957 to 1962.[nb 3] According to Beatles historian Mark Lewisohn, "John [Lennon] may have known the song through his mother; he certainly knew it from Gene Vincent's 1956 recording on the LP Bluejean Bop!" In The Beatles as Musicians, Walter Everett offers a similar assessment, writing simply that it was "based on Gene Vincent's record." Musicologist and writer Ian MacDonald also agrees with this view. Lewisohn further notes that, "John Lennon's vocal rendition was different from Vincent's, it would seem that he arranged his own unique version... He may have also been influenced by Duffy Power's 1959 version". In the Beatles' Anthology book, McCartney recalls that "Songs like 'Till There Was You' and 'Ain't She Sweet' would be the late-night cabaret material. They showed that we weren't just another rock'n'roll group."[nb 4]
On June 22 or 24, 1961,[nb 1] during their first professional recording session, the Beatles recorded a cover of "Ain't She Sweet". Recorded at the Friedrich-Ebert-Halle[nb 2] in Hamburg, Germany, produced by Bert Kaempfert and engineered by Karl Hinze, the session saw the Beatles backing Tony Sheridan. George Harrison later recalled that the group misunderstood the purpose of the recording session and only learned upon arrival that they would be backing Sheridan. Harrison further added, "It was a bit disappointing because we'd been hoping to get a record deal as ourselves." "Ain't She Sweet" was one of two songs recorded without Sheridan[nb 5] with Lennon instead on lead vocal. In 1968, Lennon reflected, "We thought it would be easy: the Germans had such shitty records, ours was bound to be better." MacDonald surmised that the Beatles decided to record a cover to save their stronger originals, such as McCartney's "Like Dreamers Do" and Lennon's "Hello Little Girl".
In a 1975 radio interview, Lennon explained that Gene Vincent's cover was "very mellow and very high pitched, and I used to do it like that, but they said harder, harder—you know, Germans all want it a bit more like a march—so we ended up doing a harder version of it." Lewisohn remarks that Lennon "gives it a good and powerful go, but there's a strange timbre to his voice, as if he was suffering from 'Hamburg throat' while also straining to deliver Kaempfert's brittle sound on a song that didn't suit it." Everett describes Lennon's singing style as "very detached, slightly hiccuping" and notes his use of a mordent for emphasis. Lewisohn further evaluated that Pete Best's drumming "lacks imagination" and McCartney's "bass is accomplished." Harrison's guitar solo "judged even in its place and time... wasn't good." Everett comments that, "as a whole, these recordings are hardly representative of the future Beatles." MacDonald judges it similarly, writing, "...it ["Ain't She Sweet"] made little sense as a choice for the Beatles' first professional recording and fails to reward attention in hindsight." In The Cambridge Companion to the Beatles, Howard Kramer writes that the session was "musically unspectacular" and "the Beatles' instrumental backing shows competence, but little more."
After the session, the Beatles expected that a single of "Ain't She Sweet" b/w "Beatle Bop" would be released in America, Germany and Britain in the weeks that followed. It was not until October 23, 1961 that a single was released in West Germany exclusively, except it was instead "My Bonnie" b/w "The Saints", credited as "Tony Sheridan & The Beat Brothers".[nb 6] The Liverpool music newspaper Mersey Beat reported that the Beatles were dissatisfied with "Ain't She Sweet" and "Cry For A Shadow" and so sold their rights back to Kaempfert's company, Bert Kaempfert Produktion (BKP). Polydor's first worldwide release of "Ain't She Sweet" was on the February 1964 French EP, Les Beatles. Polydor released it in the U.K. as a single on May 29, 1964 b/w "If You Love Me, Baby", a mistitling of the Jimmy Reed song "Take Out Some Insurance". On July 6, 1964 ATCO Records released the track as a single in America b/w the Hank Snow song "Nobody's Child". In August 1964, the song peaked at number 19 on the US Billboard Hot 100. In Sweden, it reached number 4 on Sweden's Kvällstoppen Chart and also reached the top spot on the Tio i Topp chart. It was the highest-charting Beatles single with original drummer Pete Best. The Beatles were neither paid nor owed royalty payments for the release. The track has been included on several releases, including Ain't She Sweet (1964), The Beatles' First (1964) and In the Beginning (Circa 1960) (1970). The Beatles included the recording on the 1995 compilation album Anthology 1.
On 24 July 1969 during a recording session for "Sun King"/"Mean Mr. Mustard", Lennon began an impromptu jam of "Ain't She Sweet" along with the other Gene Vincent songs, "Who Slapped John?" and "Be-Bop-a-Lula". Lewisohn remarked that this version was more in the style of Gene Vincent than the Beatles' original 1961 version. The Beatles included this version of "Ain't She Sweet" on the 1996 compilation album Anthology 3.
According to Ian MacDonald:
- John Lennon – lead vocal, rhythm guitar
- Paul McCartney – bass guitar
- George Harrison – lead guitar
- Pete Best – drums
Charts and certifications
|Canada Top Singles (RPM)||20|
|Denmark (Salgshitlisterne Top 20)||7|
|Sweden (Tio i Topp)||1|
|UK Singles (OCC)||29|
|US Billboard Hot 100||19|
- Hazel Green & Company, a Warner Bros./Vitaphone musical short (1927)
- In January 1928, a short film of Ain't She Sweet sung by Chili Bouchier was filmed in the DeForest Phonofilm sound-on-film process
- Duck Soup (Paramount Pictures, 1933)
- Margie (Twentieth Century Fox, 1946)
- You Were Meant for Me (Twentieth Century Fox, 1948)
- You're My Everything (Twentieth Century Fox, 1949)
- Force of Arms (Warner Brothers, 1951)
- Strangers on a Train (Warner Brothers, 1951)
- Feed the Kitty (1952) Merrie Melodies cartoon
- East of Eden (Warner Brothers, 1955)
- The Eddy Duchin Story (Columbia Pictures, 1955)
- Picnic (MGM, 1955)
- Miss Mary (1986)
- Midnight in Paris (Sony Pictures Classics, 2011)
- The Beverly Hillbillies Season 1, Episode 8: "Jethro Goes To School" (Sung by Phil Gordon (actor)) (1962)
- Coronation Street Sung by Sylvia Goodwin and others
- All in the Family, Season 5, Episode 1: "The Bunkers and Inflation", Part 1 (1974)
- House M.D. Season 2, Episode 9: "Deception"
- You Rang, M'Lord? Season 2, Episode 5: "The Wounds of War"
- Heartbeat (UK TV series) Series 16, Episode 12: "Vendetta" (2007)
- Bunheads Season 1, Episode 1: "Pilot" (2012)
- Being Human Season 4, Episode 5:The Honeymooners
- Walter Everett dates the session as June 22–24 and "Ain't She Sweet" in particular as the 24th. Ian MacDonald dates the session as "June 22–23(?)" and the song as the 22nd. Mark Lewisohn dates the entire session as the 22nd, but offers the possibility of the 23rd. He writes, "No document survives to detail the start/finish times, the order of work, number of required takes, and whether the session took place over one day or two—most likely it was one, and personal recollections refer to it that way, but some papers show it as two, June 22 and 23." He also writes, "The recording of seven titles was easily achievable in one session so perhaps the second date was solely for editing, without Sheridan and the Beatles present." Audio expert Richard Moore notes that some of the songs recorded have a different "stereo picture", suggesting an alternate set-up across sessions or replacement equipment being brought in to a session.
- Mark Lewisohn and Ian MacDonald both cite Friedrich-Ebert-Halle as the recording location. Walter Everett writes the recordings were split between Friedrich-Ebert-Halle on June 22–23 and the adjoining orchestral hall Studio Ralstedt on June 24. He writes "Ain't She Sweet" was recorded on June 24.
- In an early 1960 letter Paul McCartney wrote to get a booking, he mentions "Ain't She Sweet" as a staple of The Quarrymen's act, amongst other numbers. They possibly played the song in a July 1960 show. A setlist of songs written in one of Stuart Sutcliffe's 1960 art sketchbooks includes the song. A setlist from August 1962 includes the song with Lennon on lead vocal.
- McCartney further recalled, "The gigs went up in stature and though the pay went up only a little bit, it did go up. We were now playing better places. We would still do our rock act, though we wouldn't get decent money for any gig apart from cabaret. I could pull out 'Till There Was You' or 'A Taste of Honey'—the more cabaret things—and John would sing 'Over the Rainbow' and 'Ain't She Sweet'. These did have cred for us because they were on a Gene Vincent album and we didn't realise 'Rainbow' was a Judy Garland number; we thought it was Gene Vincent, so we were happy to do it."
- The other being the instrumental "Cry for a Shadow", originally titled "Beatle Bop".
- McCartney later recalled: "They didn't like our name and said, 'Change to The Beat Brothers; this is more understandable for the German audience.' " In his memoir, Pete Best claims the name was changed because "Beatles" was too close to a Hamburg slang term for male genitalia.
- Library of Congress. Copyright Office. (1927). Catalog of Copyright Entries, 1927 Music For the Year 1927 New Series Vol 22 Part 3. United States Copyright Office. U.S. Govt. Print. Off.
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- "Frank Sinatra Discography". jazzdiscography.com. Retrieved August 27, 2017.
- MacDonald 2005, p. 48n1.
- Lewisohn 2013a, pp. 236–237.
- Lewisohn 2013b, p. 673.
- Lewisohn 2013b, p. 694.
- Lewisohn 2013b, p. 1276.
- Lewisohn 2013b, p. 553n.
- Everett 2001, p. 95.
- MacDonald 2005, p. 48.
- Lewisohn 1992, p. 365.
- The Beatles 2000, p. 68.
- The Beatles 2000, p. 67.
- Everett 2001, p. 376n101.
- MacDonald 2005, p. 401.
- MacDonald 2005, p. 47.
- Lewisohn 2013a, p. 446.
- Lewisohn 2013a, p. 447.
- Lewisohn 2013b, p. 1542n77.
- Gottfridsson (1997), quoted in Lewisohn (2013b), p. 1542n77
- MacDonald 2005, p. 47n1.
- The Beatles 2000, p. 59.
- Lewisohn 2013a, p. 450.
- Davies (1968), p. 107, quoted in Lewisohn (2013a), p. 449, 844n53
- MacDonald 2005, pp. 47, 47n1.
- Lewisohn 2013a, p. 449.
- Kramer 2009, p. 65.
- Lewisohn 2013a, p. 450, 844n55.
- Lewisohn 2013a, p. 493.
- Best & Doncaster 1985, p. 107, quoted in Ingham & Mitsui 1987, p. 273
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