Ain Aata

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Ain Aata

Ain Ata, 'Ain 'Ata, Ayn Aata
Village
Country Lebanon
GovernorateBeqaa Governorate
DistrictRashaya District
Area
 • Total22.40 sq mi (58.02 km2)
Elevation
4,360 ft (1,330 m)
Ain Ata
HARVEY(1861) p177 CEDARS.jpg
Cedars, in the hills of Ain Aata (2 June 1860)[1]
Ain Aata is located in Lebanon
Ain Aata
Shown within Lebanon
Alternative nameAin Aata, 'Ain 'Ata, Ayn Aata
Location99 kilometres (62 mi) east of Beirut
RegionRashaya
Coordinates33°26′11″N 35°46′46″E / 33.436390°N 35.779446°E / 33.436390; 35.779446
History
CulturesRoman
Site notes
ConditionRuins
Public accessYes

Ain Aata, Ain Ata, 'Ain 'Ata or Ayn Aata is a village and municipality situated southwest of Rashaya, 99 kilometres (62 mi) south-east of Beirut, in the Rashaya District of the Beqaa Governorate in Lebanon.[2]

The name is thought to mean "gift spring".[3] There is a remarkably cold spring in the area.[1]

The village was suggested by Charles William Meredith van de Velde to be the ancient site of Beth-Anath or Anatha mentioned in the Bible Book of Joshua (Joshua 19:38) and the Book of Judges (Judges 1:33) as a land given to Naphtali. Historical geographer Ze'ev Safrai, disputing, identifies the biblical Beth-Anath with Bi'ina in the Beit HaKerem Valley of Upper Galilee.[4][5] Eusebius in his work Onomasticon, placed it 9 miles (14 km) from Dora (Tanturah), however this falls outside the territory of Naphtali.[2][6] Beth-Anath has been translated to mean "temple of Anat", a Canaanite goddess linked to a Sumerian predecessor called Ninhursag.[7]

Roman temple[edit]

Recent epigraphic surveys have confirmed the ruins of a Roman temple and cult site in the village that are included in a group of Temples of Mount Hermon.[8][9][10][11] Foundations and columns of a ruined temple complex in the woods near the village were recorded by William McClure Thomson, who thought them to have once been called Kubrikha. He remarked that "the whole neighborhood is crowded with ancient but deserted sites."[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Harvey, 1861, p. 145 ff
  2. ^ a b Kitto, 2003, p. 344
  3. ^ Royal Geographical Society (Great Britain), 1837, p. 98
  4. ^ Safrai, 1985, p. 62
  5. ^ Safrai, 1976, pp. 18–34
  6. ^ a b Thomson, 1859, p. 315
  7. ^ Naʼaman, 2005, pp.248 ff
  8. ^ Kaizer, 2012, p. 76 ff
  9. ^ Mouterde, 1951–1952, pp. 19–89
  10. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1857, p. 438 ff
  11. ^ Stanley, 1871, p. 408 ff

Bibliography[edit]

  • Harvey, Annie Jane (1861). Our Cruise in the Claymore, with a Visit to Damascus and the Lebanon. Elibron.com. pp. 145–. ISBN 978-1-4021-3492-0.
  • Mouterde, R. (1951–1952). "Antiquités de l'Hermon et de la Beqâ". Mélanges de l'Université St. Joseph. 29: 19–89.
  • Safrai, Z. (1985). Chapters of Galilee, During Mishnaic and Talmudic Times: Pirkei Galil (in Hebrew). Jerusalem. p. 62.

External links[edit]