|Born||February 22, 1903|
Vändra, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire
|Died||April 5, 1969 (aged 66)|
|Years of service||1918–1940 Estonian Army|
Estonian Security Police and SD
|Unit||20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS|
|Battles/wars||Estonian War of Independence|
|Awards||Order of the Cross of the Eagle|
Iron Cross 1st Class
Ain Mere (from birth to Estification Ervin Martson; February 22, 1903 – April 5, 1969) was an Estonian military officer and collaborator with Nazi Germany in World War II. During the German occupation of Estonia, he served in the German-controlled Estonian Security Police and SD.
According to the KGB archives, he was drafted as an agent of NKVD in 1940–1941. Mere's reports on the resettlement of Baltic Germans and the exposure of underground Estonian organisations reached the desk of Lavrenti Beria. In recognition of his performance Mere was appointed the director of a special department of the Estonian Rifle Corps. He was known under code name "Müller". In July 1941 Mere surrendered himself to the German military. He was a member of the Estonian Security Police (Group B of the Sicherheitspolizei) under the Estonian Self-Administration and participated in the Holocaust.
Trial in absentia
In March 1961, the Soviet court accused during the War crimes trials in Soviet Estonia the German Security Police in Estonia, headed by Mere (and later by Julius Ennok) to have been actively involved in the arrest and killing of Estonian Jews along with Ralf Gerrets and Jaan Viik. The police were also actively engaged in actions against Estonians deemed to be opponents of Nazi Germany. Though at the time he was residing in Britain, Mere was sentenced to death for his role during the war. The British government refused to extradite him, citing a lack of evidence on the part of the Soviet authorities, and he died at the age of 66 in Leicester, England.
- Weiss-Wendt, Anton (2009). Murder Without Hatred: Estonians and the Holocaust. Syracuse University Press. p. 116. ISBN 9780815632283.
- Snyder, Timothy (2016). Black Earth: The Holocaust as History and Warning. Random House. p. 214. ISBN 9781784701482.
- (in Estonian) Koputajad raiuti raamatusse Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
- (in Estonian and Swedish)  Archived 2009-03-19 at the Wayback Machine
- Patricia Heberer (2011): Children during the Holocaust, AltaMira Press
- Veebruari sündmused Archived 2008-03-19 at the Wayback Machine (in Estonian)
- Conclusions of the Estonian International Commission for the Investigation of Crimes Against Humanity Archived 2008-06-29 at the Wayback Machine — Phase II: The German occupation of Estonia in 1941–1944 Archived 2007-06-29 at the Wayback Machine
- Reuter, 11 March 1961