Ain, Ayn, or Ein Shams (Arabic: عين شمس, [ʕeːn ʃæms]) is a suburb of Cairo, Egypt. The name means "Eye of the Sun" in Arabic, referring to the fact that Ain Shams is built on top of the ancient city of Heliopolis, once the spiritual centre of ancient Egyptian sun-worship. Ain Shams is one of the oldest districts in Cairo and contains many historical sites.
10th-century Jewish biblical commentator, Saadia Gaon, believed that Ain Shams was the location of the biblical Egyptian city of Rameses.
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- ^ Saadia Gaon, Judeo-Arabic Translation of Pentateuch (Tafsir), s.v. Exodus 21:37 and Numbers 33:3 ("רעמסס: "עין שמס); Rabbi Saadia Gaon's Commentaries on the Torah (ed. Yosef Qafih), Mossad Harav Kook: Jerusalem 1984, p. 164 (Numbers 33:3) (Hebrew)
Coordinates: 30°07′40″N 31°19′45″E / 30.12778°N 31.32917°E