Ain Sifni

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Ain Sifni

Shekhan

Şêxan
City
Ainsifni.png
Ain Sifni is located in Iraq
Ain Sifni
Ain Sifni
Location in Iraq
Coordinates: 36°41′30″N 43°21′00″E / 36.69167°N 43.35000°E / 36.69167; 43.35000Coordinates: 36°41′30″N 43°21′00″E / 36.69167°N 43.35000°E / 36.69167; 43.35000IQ
Country Iraq
GovernorateNineveh Governorate
DistrictShekhan District
De facto control Kurdistan Region
as part of Dohuk Governorate

Ain Sifni (also known as Shekhan; Kurdish: Şêxan ,شێخان‎)[1][2] is the capital of the Shekhan District and de facto annexed by Kurdistan Region.[3][4] Its inhabitants are primarily Yazidis with a significant minority of Assyrians. It is one of the primary holy cities the Yazidis and functions as a capital for them as it is the residence of the current hereditary leader (Mīr, or prince) of the Yazidi people, with the current holder being Tahseen Said. The town is also the seat of the Shekhan District in the Mosul Governorate in northern Iraq.[5]

Districts of the Dohuk Governorate in Kurdistan Region[6]

The town is mainly populated by Yazidis, with a minority of Assyrian Christians.[7][8] The churches are Mar Yusuf (Saint Joseph) Chaldean Catholic and Mar Kyriakos, which belongs to the Assyrian Church of the East. The languages spoken in the town are Kurmanji Kurdish, Arabic and Assyrian Neo-Aramaic.[9]

Yazidi cemetery in Ain Sifni (Shekhan)
Yazidi temple (Nishingaha Peroz) near Ain Sifni (Shekhan)

History[edit]

Beginning on 10 August 2014, Yazidi refugees have been fleeing to Ain Sifni and Lalish from Sinjar through Syria after the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant placed that city under siege.[10][11][12]

Climate[edit]

Ain Sifni has a mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa).

Climate data for Ain Sifni
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.8
(51.4)
12.7
(54.9)
16.6
(61.9)
22.3
(72.1)
29.8
(85.6)
36.7
(98.1)
40.9
(105.6)
40.7
(105.3)
36.4
(97.5)
28.7
(83.7)
19.8
(67.6)
12.7
(54.9)
25.7
(78.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
7.5
(45.5)
10.9
(51.6)
15.9
(60.6)
22.3
(72.1)
28.0
(82.4)
32.1
(89.8)
31.6
(88.9)
27.2
(81.0)
20.5
(68.9)
13.6
(56.5)
7.7
(45.9)
18.6
(65.5)
Average low °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
2.3
(36.1)
5.3
(41.5)
9.6
(49.3)
14.9
(58.8)
19.4
(66.9)
22.3
(72.1)
22.5
(72.5)
18.0
(64.4)
12.4
(54.3)
7.5
(45.5)
2.7
(36.9)
11.5
(52.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 126
(5.0)
149
(5.9)
138
(5.4)
97
(3.8)
35
(1.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
18
(0.7)
74
(2.9)
110
(4.3)
748
(29.4)
Source: https://en.climate-data.org/location/934732/

References[edit]

  1. ^ "بەهۆی کێشەی کۆمەڵایەتییەوە لە قەزای شێخان دوو کەس دەکوژرێن". Rûdaw (in Kurdish). Retrieved 19 December 2019.
  2. ^ "ŞÊXAN - Li kampa Kurdên Êzidî lehî rabû û avê da bin 30 çadiran". Rûdaw (in Kurdish). 23 November 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
  3. ^ Denise Natali (2010). The Kurdish Quasi-State: Development and Dependency in Post-Gulf War Iraq. Syracuse University Press. p. 82.
  4. ^ Nasir Elî. "Sheikhan: Where Kurdish men go for a second wife". Rûdaw. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Basic information about Shekhan District" (PDF). Christian Aid Program in Iraq. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 25, 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
  6. ^ "The map of Districts of Kurdistan Region". Kurdistan Region Statistics Office, Kurdistan Regional Government.
  7. ^ First Church- http://www.ishtartv.com/en/viewarticle,35628.html
  8. ^ Second Church- http://www.ishtartv.com/en/viewarticle,35598.html
  9. ^ "What you did not know about Iraq's Yazidi minority". Al Arabiya News. Al Arabiya Network. Al Arabiya Institute for Studies. August 11, 2014. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
  10. ^ "Iraq crisis: the last stand of the Yazidis against Islamic State". The Telegraph. August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
  11. ^ Soguel, Dominique (August 12, 2014). "World Middle East A sanctuary for Iraqi Yazidis – and a plea for Obama's intervention". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
  12. ^ Spencer, Richard (August 13, 2014). "Iraq dispatch: terrified Yazidi people seek refuge inside holy temple". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved August 13, 2014.