Ain Sokhna

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Ain Sokhna
العين السخنة
El ʿĒn El Sokhna
Ain sokhna porto.jpg
Country  Egypt
Governorate Suez
Time zone EST (UTC+2)

Ain Sokhna (Arabic: العين السخنة‎‎ El ʿĒn El Sokhna Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [elˈʕeːn esˈsoxnæ], "the Hot Spring") is a town in the Suez Governorate, lying on the western shore of the Red Sea's Gulf of Suez. It is situated 55 km south of Suez and approximately 120 km east of Cairo.

History[edit]

Recent archaeological excavations have shown that there was an ancient Egyptian port and settlement in this area. The site was first brought to attention in 1999 by Professor Mahmud Abd El Raziq.[1] French and Egyptian archaeologists have been investigating this area since that time.

As early as the Old Kingdom, seafaring expeditions on the Red Sea were organized from this port. Similar material was also found at the Wadi Maghareh, where many Old Kingdom inscriptions are found.[2]

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh), as the rest of Egypt.

Climate data for Ain Sokhna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18
(64)
19
(66)
22
(72)
27
(81)
31
(88)
33
(91)
34
(93)
34
(93)
31
(88)
29
(84)
24
(75)
19
(66)
26.8
(80.1)
Average low °C (°F) 7
(45)
7
(45)
9
(48)
12
(54)
16
(61)
19
(66)
20
(68)
21
(70)
19
(66)
16
(61)
13
(55)
8
(46)
13.9
(57.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4
(0.16)
4
(0.16)
4
(0.16)
2
(0.08)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.04)
3
(0.12)
4
(0.16)
22
(0.88)
Average rainy days 3 3 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 1 3 4 21
Mean daily sunshine hours 8 8 9 10 11 12 12 11 10 10 8 7 9.7
Source: Weather2Travel[3]
Ain Sokhna mean sea temperature[3]
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
22 °C (72 °F) 21 °C (70 °F) 21 °C (70 °F) 23 °C (73 °F) 24 °C (75 °F) 26 °C (79 °F) 27 °C (81 °F) 28 °C (82 °F) 28 °C (82 °F) 27 °C (81 °F) 25 °C (77 °F) 23 °C (73 °F)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Abd el-Raziq M. 1999. New inscriptions at El-Ein el-Sukhna. Memnonia 10: 125 –31
  2. ^ Pierre Tallet, Ayn Sukhna and Wadi el-Jarf: Two newly discovered pharaonic harbours on the Suez Gulf. (PDF file) British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan 18 (2012): 147–68
  3. ^ a b "Ain Soukhna Climate and Weather Averages, Egypt". Weather2Travel. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 

Coordinates: 29°36′00″N 32°19′00″E / 29.6°N 32.3167°E / 29.6; 32.3167