|Governorate||Mount Lebanon Governorate|
|• Mayor||Fouad Shaar|
|• Total||1 km2 (0.4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||750 m (2,460 ft)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||+3 (UTC)|
Ainab (Arabic: عيناب) is a town on the western slopes of Mount Lebanon overlooking Beirut. It is in the Aley District of the Mount Lebanon Governorate 25 kilometres (16 mi) from Beirut, on the road South from Aley.
The municipal council was established in 1910 and is one of the earliest councils in the Aley district.
Ainab was the site of numerous conflicts before and during the Lebanese civil war. In the 1958 Lebanon crisis control of the town was fought over by the Druze forces of Kamal Jumblatt and the Lebanese Government. During the Israeli invasion (1982 Lebanon War), the Israeli army intervened in and near Ainab in fighting between the Druze Progressive Socialist Party and the Christian Kataeb Party. In March 1989, a schoolyard in the town was hit by an Israeli air-to-surface missile during strikes against a base of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) in Shemlan. Press reports state that 3 people were killed 22 schoolchildren wounded, or that two DFLP fighters were killed, and a civilian and 23 of 75 primary age schoolchildren wounded by shrapnel. Later that year Israeli jets again attacked in apparent retaliation for rocket attacks on Northern Israel.
- "Major Cities - Ainab". Lebanon Atlas. Retrieved 15 September 2009.
- "Ainab Municipality". Ainab Municipality. 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- A.A.P. Reuters (3 August 1958). "Rebellion is "purely an internal affair"". The Age. p. 4.
- Associate Press (21 November 1982). "Building Bombed in Sidon". Eugene Register-Guard. p. 6A.
- Hijazi, Ishan A (1 March 1989). "Israeli Bomb Hits Lebanon School". New York Times. p. 6. Retrieved 15 September 2009.
- Reuters (2 March 1989). "Shrapnel from Israeli air raid hits school, 23 children hurt". New Straits Times Malaysia. p. 10.
- Associated Press (15 July 1986). "Israeli aircraft rocket and bomb Palestinian guerrilla positions". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 3.