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Map showing the location of Halba within Lebanon
Map showing the location of Halba within Lebanon
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 34°11′13″N 36°04′52″E / 34.187°N 36.081°E / 34.187; 36.081Coordinates: 34°11′13″N 36°04′52″E / 34.187°N 36.081°E / 34.187; 36.081
Country  Lebanon
Governorate Baalbek-Hermel
District Baalbek
Elevation 1,620 m (5,310 ft)
Highest elevation 1,640 m (5,380 ft)
Lowest elevation 1,600 m (5,200 ft)
 • Total 3,000+
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Dialing code +961

Ainata, or sometimes known as Ainata-Al Ariz (Arabic:عيناتا الأرز) is a Lebanese village, 108 km from Beirut, located in Northern Lebanon, between the Bsharri District and the Baalbek District. Officially, Ainata is considered a village of the Baalbek District, but it is sometimes considered a village of the Bsharri District, mostly because its name "Ainata-Al Ariz" means "Ainata-The Cedars", in reference to the Cedars of God near Bsharri. Ainata rises 1620 meters above sea level and is sometimes considered as the highest Lebanese populated village (Although some books state that Bekaa Kafra is the highest).


The origin of the word Ainata is Syriac and means "The eyes of water".


Ainata is located at the bottom of Mount Makmel, to the Eastern side, facing the Baalbek District, and it is almost exactly between the Bsharri district and the Baalbek District, but officially it belongs to the Baalbek District. On the west of Ainata rises a part Mount Makmel, which is between Ainata and the villages of the Bsharri district like Bsharri and Bekaa kafra. Ainata has an altitude of 1620 meters and is considered as the highest Lebanese village(although some books consider Bekaa Kafra the highest), but a very remote village in eastern Baalbek district, the village of Tfail, rises at 1450 meters, and a village called Souaqi in Miniyeh-Danniyeh District rises at 1500 meters, but because they are both very remote and have small populations, they are negligible.


Ainata has a cold climate in winter, with temperatures averaging around 0°C in January and February and temperature drops to as low as -25°C have happened a few times, though not recorded officially. Snow accumulations can reach 3 meters. In summer temperatures average 22°C but can reach 35°C, like all the villages of the Baalbek district. At night, drops to as low as 7°C can happen.