A House in Aincille
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Gilbert Oçafrain|
|6.26 km2 (2.42 sq mi)|
|• Density||18/km2 (46/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||198–755 m (650–2,477 ft) |
(avg. 240 m or 790 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aintzildars.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Population
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture and heritage
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Located in the drainage basin of the Adour, the northeastern border of the commune is marked by the Laurhibar river, which flows north to join the Nive north of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port. A stream rises near the village and flows to the Laurhibar in the north-east. The Urtchipea rises in the south of the commune and flows northwest gathering many tributaries and joins the Nive de Beherobie at Saint-Michel. The Sassitako erreka rises southwest of the village and flows northwest joining the Laurhibar east of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port.
Localities and hamlets
Jean-Baptiste Orpustan wrote the name of the commune in the form Aïncille. He also indicated that in Basque the inhabitants are referred to as Aintzildar.
The following table details the origins of the commune name.
|Ancille||1801||Cassini||Bulletin des lois|
- Mérimée: Presentation of the Commune of Aincille on the Ministry of Culture website
- Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy
- Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. (in French)
- Cassini: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database (in French)
- Intendance: Intendance of Pau
Part of Aincille territory next to the communes of Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan, Bustince-Iriberry, Çaro, Lecumberry, Mendive, Saint-Jean-le-Vieux, and Saint-Michel, was taken on 11 June 1842 to form of the commune of Estérençuby.
Quarterly, first Azure a bridge of Or masoned in sable debruised over a wave of argent in base, in chief 3 stars the same arranged in fesse; second of Or with an eagle displayed in sable; three vert a cow of Or collared and belled in azure posed in base surmounted by a sheep of argent horned in Or; fourth azure with a church in Or in profile roofed the same extended at dexter with a porch abased and surmounted at dexter by a belltower and steeple the same supporting a cross in sable, windows and doors the same..
List of Successive Mayors of Aincille
(Not all data is known)
The commune belongs to six intercommunal structures:
- the Community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri
- the AEP association of Ainhice
- the energy association for Pyrenees-Atlantiques
- the intercommunal association for the development and management of the slaughterhouse at Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port
- the joint association for the watershed of the Nive
- the association to support Basque culture.
Economic activity is mainly agricultural.
Aincille had long received saline (saline of Ugarré) since the 17th century and had the distinction of being a corporation with ownership of twenty-nine old houses of the town and was reunited with the royal domain in 1683.
Culture and heritage
The commune has several sites that are registered as historical monuments:
- Houses and Farms (18th-19th century)
- The Idiondoa Farmhouse (1617)
- The Ahadoberria Farmhouse (1768)
The commune has several religious sites that are registered as historical monuments:
- The Croix de Carrefour (Crossroads Cross) Wayside Cross
- A Cemetery Cross (17th century)
- The Parish Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist (Middle Ages) The church contains two items that are registered as historical objects:
- Church Picture Gallery
- Stained Glass
- Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- Cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Google Maps
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000872 Presentation of Aincille Commune (in French)
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (in French)
- Pierre Lhande, Dictionary basque-French, Éditions Beauchène, 1 April 1997, ISBN 2-7010-0532-9 (in French)
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
- Titles of the intendance of Pau - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- (in Spanish) Article on Estérençuby in the Encyclopedia Auñamendi
- List of Mayors of France
- Philippe Veyrin, The Basques, Arthaud, 1975, ISBN 2 7003 0038 6, page 23. (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000966 Houses and Farms (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000861 Idiondoa Farmhouse (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000860 Ahadoberria Farmhouse (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00084306 Croix de Carrefour (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00084307 Cemetery Cross (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000857 Parish Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000025 Processional Cross (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000024 Statue: Virgin and child (in French)
- AINTZILLA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa) (in Spanish)
- Aincille on Lion1906
- Aincille on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Aincille on the INSEE website (in French)
- INSEE (in French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aincille.|