Ainhice-Mongelos

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Ainhice-Mongelos
Commune
Sign at the entrance of the village
Sign at the entrance of the village
Ainhice-Mongelos is located in France
Ainhice-Mongelos
Ainhice-Mongelos
Coordinates: 43°12′22″N 1°09′15″W / 43.2061°N 1.1542°W / 43.2061; -1.1542Coordinates: 43°12′22″N 1°09′15″W / 43.2061°N 1.1542°W / 43.2061; -1.1542
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Bayonne
Canton Montagne Basque
Intercommunality Garazi-Baïgorri
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Jean-Pierre Irigoin
Area1 10.30 km2 (3.98 sq mi)
Population (2014)2 166
 • Density 16/km2 (42/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 64013 /64220
Elevation 195–546 m (640–1,791 ft)
(avg. 242 m or 794 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ainhice-Mongelos (Basque: Ainhize-Monjolose) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France.

It is located in the former province of Lower Navarre.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ainhiztars[1] or Monjolostars.[2]

Geography[edit]

A Bottle door in the Lower Navarre style
A Hilarri decorated with a Star of David
The town hall

Location[edit]

The town is part of the country Basque province of Cize of Lower Navarre. It is located in the Pyrenees mountains some 40 km in a direct line southeast of Bayonne and about 15 km northeast of the Spanish border. The commune is mostly farmland with scattered small forests.

Access[edit]

Access to Ainhice-Mongelos is via the Highway D933 (old highway 133) which runs northeast from Saint-Jean-le-Vieux which runs from southwest to northeast along the eastern side of the commune through the village of Mongelos continues northeast, ending near Saint Palais. Just south of the commune at Lacarre, the Highway D422 branches from the D933 to the northwest and passes through the western side of the commune, ending at Lopeenia just to the west of the commune. No other highways enter the commune. The village of Anhice-Mongelos can be reached by a country road from the D933 at Mongelos or by any of the many country roads which cover the commune.[3]

Hydrography[edit]

In the Drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is traversed by a tributary of the Nive, the Lakako erreka (which originates in Ainhice-Mongelos) and, a tributary of the Laurhibar, the Arzubiko erreka and by tributaries of the latter, the Bassaguibeléko erreka and the Idiondoa brook. The Artikaitéko erreka which flows into Bidouze also passes through the commune.

Localities and hamlets[edit]

  • Achurdé[4]
  • Ainhice
  • Artikite
  • Azeria
  • Barnetchéa (Barnetxea)[5]
  • Bertéretchia
  • Bidartéa
  • Bidégaïnéa
  • Caracoitchia
  • Chilténéa
  • Elizetchékoborda[4]
  • Erdoïs Etcheberria
  • Erdoïsia
  • Erretoraenia
  • Etcheberritoa
  • Etchéparéa[6]
  • Gohanetxea
  • Harraldéa
  • Harrispéa
  • Héguilondoa
  • Idiartekoborda
  • Ihitsia
  • Irazabalea[7]
  • Irumia
  • Ithurraldéa
  • Kousketikoborda
  • Larraldéa
  • Martiréma
  • Mongelos
  • Munhoa
  • Officialdéya
  • Orkaïtzéa
  • Sallaberria

Toponymy[edit]

The name of the commune in Basque is Ainhize-Monjolose. According to Jean-Baptiste Orpustan the origin of the name Ainhice remains unknown.[8] According to Brigitte Jobbé-Duval Mongelos is a Gascon name meaning Mont Jaloux (Mount Jealous).[1][9]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Angelos Anƒiz 1135 Orpustan Village
Aniça 1264 Mérimée
Aniça 1309 Orpustan
Anhice 1304 Mérimée
Anhice 1307 Orpustan
Aniça 1350 Mérimée
Anhice 1366 Mérimée
Anhice 1413 Orpustan
Ainza 1513 Raymond
4
Pamplona
Añiza 1621 Raymond
4
Biscay
Aniça 1621 Raymond
4
Biscay
Aynice 1621 Raymond
4
Biscay
Ainhisse 1665 Raymond
4
Navarre
Ainza 1513 Raymond
4
Pamplona
Mongelos Mongelos 1249 Mérimée Village
Mongelos 1264 Orpustan
Mongelos 1309 Orpustan
Mongelos 1413 Orpustan
Mont gelos 1292 Mérimée
Montis gelosi 1304 Mérimée
Mont gelos 1307 Orpustan
Monjelos 1321 Raymond
115
Camara
Mont gelos 1350 Orpustan
Mongelos en Cize 1477 Raymond
115
Ohix
Saint-Jean de Mongelos 1703 Raymond
115
Ohix
Achurdé Achurdé 1863 Raymond
2
A mountain pass between Lantabat and Ainhice-Mongelos
Elizaldea Eliçalde 1412 Mérimée List of fires in the Kingdom of Navarre
Elizetchékoborda Élissetche 1863 Raymond
58
Fief, vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre
Erdoïs Erdoïs 1863 Raymond
59
Fief, vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre. Raymond also mentions that there was a Prebendary of the name "founded in the church of Ainhice".
Fleur-de-Lys Flor-de-Lis 1621 Raymond
64
Biscay Fief, vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

The medieval village of Mongelos was established in 1240[9] as subject to the King of Navarre.[1] Formerly subject to Ainhice, they were reunited on 16 August 1841.[1][4]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Anhice-Mongelos[16]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2004 Guillaume Eyharts
2004 2020 Jean-Pierre Irigoin

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune belongs to seven inter-communal organisations:

  • the community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri
  • the AEP union of Ainhice
  • the energy union of Pyrenees-Atlantiques
  • the school union for RPI Ainhice-Gamarthe-Lacarre
  • the inter-communal association for the development and management of the abattoir at Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port
  • the joint association for the watershed of the Nive
  • the union to support Basque culture.

Demography[edit]

In 2010, the commune had 161 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
427 379 363 415 398 510 549 500 474
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
430 417 406 412 388 395 390 354 330
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
327 333 355 310 286 276 275 268 249
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2007 2008
230 226 199 179 173 175 164 168 166
2009 2010 - - - - - - -
163 161 - - - - - - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Anhice-Mongelos

Economy[edit]

Economic activity is mainly agricultural. The town is part of the zone of appellation of Ossau-iraty.

Euskal Herriko Laborantza Ganbara or the "Chamber of Agriculture for the Basque Country" is an association under the law of 1901 founded on 15 January 2005 and is headquartered in Ainhice-Mongelos.

Culture and heritage[edit]

Languages[edit]

According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, the dialect of Basque spoken in Ainhice-Mongelos is eastern low Navarrese.

Civil heritage[edit]

Several houses and farms are registered as historical monuments. These are:

  • Houses and Farms (18th & 19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • Barnetxea Farm (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • Elizaldea Farm (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]
  • Etxeparea Farm (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • Irazabalea Farm (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]

Religious Heritage[edit]

Church of the Assumption
  • Church of the Assumption (14th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19]

Facilities[edit]

The town has a kindergarten.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Editor Archives et Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9
  2. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  3. ^ Google Maps
  4. ^ a b c d Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000910 Barnetxea Farm (French)
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000907 Etxeparea Farm (French)
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000906 Irazabalea Farm (French)
  8. ^ a b Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (French)
  9. ^ a b c Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000873 Presentation of Ainhice-Mongelos (French)
  10. ^ Titles published by don José Yanguas y Miranda (Spanish)
  11. ^ Derecho de naturaleza que la merindad de San-Juan-del-pie-del-puerto, una de las seys de Navarra, tiene en Castilla, 1622 (Spanish)
  12. ^ Collection of manuscripts of 11 volumes of deliberations (1606 to 1789) - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  13. ^ Titles published by don José Yanguas y Miranda - Diccionario de Antiguedades del reino de Navarra, 1840, Pamplona (Spanish)
  14. ^ Contracts retained by Ohix, Notary of Soule - Manuscript of the 15th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  15. ^ Manuscript from the 18th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  16. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000967 Houses and Farms] (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000909 Elizaldea Farm (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000908 Church of the Assumption (French)

External links[edit]