Sign at the entrance of the village
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Jean-Pierre Irigoin|
|Area1||10.30 km2 (3.98 sq mi)|
|• Density||16/km2 (42/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64013 /64220|
|Elevation||195–546 m (640–1,791 ft)
(avg. 242 m or 794 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture and heritage
- 8 Facilities
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The town is part of the country Basque province of Cize of Lower Navarre. It is located in the Pyrenees mountains some 40 km in a direct line southeast of Bayonne and about 15 km northeast of the Spanish border. The commune is mostly farmland with scattered small forests.
Access to Ainhice-Mongelos is via the Highway D933 (old highway 133) which runs northeast from Saint-Jean-le-Vieux which runs from southwest to northeast along the eastern side of the commune through the village of Mongelos continues northeast, ending near Saint Palais. Just south of the commune at Lacarre, the Highway D422 branches from the D933 to the northwest and passes through the western side of the commune, ending at Lopeenia just to the west of the commune. No other highways enter the commune. The village of Anhice-Mongelos can be reached by a country road from the D933 at Mongelos or by any of the many country roads which cover the commune.
In the Drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is traversed by a tributary of the Nive, the Lakako erreka (which originates in Ainhice-Mongelos) and, a tributary of the Laurhibar, the Arzubiko erreka and by tributaries of the latter, the Bassaguibeléko erreka and the Idiondoa brook. The Artikaitéko erreka which flows into Bidouze also passes through the commune.
Localities and hamlets
- Barnetchéa (Barnetxea)
- Erdoïs Etcheberria
The name of the commune in Basque is Ainhize-Monjolose. According to Jean-Baptiste Orpustan the origin of the name Ainhice remains unknown. According to Brigitte Jobbé-Duval Mongelos is a Gascon name meaning Mont Jaloux (Mount Jealous).
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
|Mongelos en Cize||1477||Raymond||
|Saint-Jean de Mongelos||1703||Raymond||
||A mountain pass between Lantabat and Ainhice-Mongelos|
|Elizaldea||Eliçalde||1412||Mérimée||List of fires in the Kingdom of Navarre|
||Fief, vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre|
||Fief, vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre. Raymond also mentions that there was a Prebendary of the name "founded in the church of Ainhice".|
||Biscay||Fief, vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre|
- Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy
- Mérimée: Presentation of Ainhice-Mongelos on the Ministry of Culture database.
- Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. (French)
- Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona
- Biscay: Martin Biscay
- Navarre: Regulations of the States of Navarre
- Camara: Titles of the Camara de Comptos
- Ohix: Contracts of Ohix
- Bayonne: Visitations of the Diocese of Bayonne
List of Successive Mayors of Anhice-Mongelos
(Not all data is known)
The commune belongs to seven inter-communal organisations:
- the community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri
- the AEP union of Ainhice
- the energy union of Pyrenees-Atlantiques
- the school union for RPI Ainhice-Gamarthe-Lacarre
- the inter-communal association for the development and management of the abattoir at Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port
- the joint association for the watershed of the Nive
- the union to support Basque culture.
In 2010, the commune had 161 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Economic activity is mainly agricultural. The town is part of the zone of appellation of Ossau-iraty.
Euskal Herriko Laborantza Ganbara or the "Chamber of Agriculture for the Basque Country" is an association under the law of 1901 founded on 15 January 2005 and is headquartered in Ainhice-Mongelos.
Culture and heritage
Several houses and farms are registered as historical monuments. These are:
- Houses and Farms (18th & 19th century)
- Barnetxea Farm (17th century)
- Elizaldea Farm (17th century)
- Etxeparea Farm (17th century)
- Irazabalea Farm (17th century)
- Church of the Assumption (14th century)
The town has a kindergarten.
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Editor Archives et Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9
- Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Google Maps
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000910 Barnetxea Farm (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000907 Etxeparea Farm (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000906 Irazabalea Farm (French)
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000873 Presentation of Ainhice-Mongelos (French)
- Titles published by don José Yanguas y Miranda (Spanish)
- Derecho de naturaleza que la merindad de San-Juan-del-pie-del-puerto, una de las seys de Navarra, tiene en Castilla, 1622 (Spanish)
- Titles published by don José Yanguas y Miranda - Diccionario de Antiguedades del reino de Navarra, 1840, Pamplona (Spanish)
- Contracts retained by Ohix, Notary of Soule - Manuscript of the 15th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Manuscript from the 18th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000967 Houses and Farms] (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000909 Elizaldea Farm (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000908 Church of the Assumption (French)
- AINHIZE-MONJOLOSE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa) (Spanish)
- Ainhice-Mongelos on Lion1906
- Ainhice on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Ainhice-Mongelos on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ainhice-Mongelos.|