Air-Sol Moyenne Portée

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
ASMP
Air-sol moyenne portée (ASMP).png
Type medium-range nuclear air-to-surface missile
Place of origin France
Service history
In service 1986
Production history
Manufacturer Aérospatiale
Specifications
Weight 860 kg[citation needed]
Length 5.38 m[citation needed]
Diameter 300 mm[citation needed]
Warhead TN 81 nuclear warhead, 150 kt or 300 kt of TNT (variable yield)

Engine liquid-fuel ramjet
Operational
range
300 km (500+km for ASMP-A version)[citation needed]
Speed up to Mach 3[citation needed]
Launch
platform
Dassault Mirage IV, Dassault Mirage 2000N, Dassault Rafale, and Dassault Super Étendard

The Air-Sol Moyenne Portée (ASMP; medium-range air to surface missile) is a French nuclear air-launched cruise missile. In French nuclear doctrine it is called a "pre-strategic" weapon, the last-resort "warning shot" prior to a full-scale employment of strategic nuclear weapons. The missile's construction was contracted to Aérospatiale's Tactical Missile Division, now part of MBDA.

ASMP entered service in 1986, replacing the earlier free-fall AN-22 bomb on France's Dassault Mirage IV aircraft and the AN-52 bomb on Dassault Super Étendard. About 84 weapons are stockpiled. Carrier aircraft are the Dassault Mirage 2000N, Rafale, and Super Étendard; the earlier Mirage IVA was retired in 1996, although Mirage IVP photo reconnaissance aircraft continued in French Air Force service until 2005.[citation needed]

ASMP is 5.38 m long and weighs 860 kg. It is a supersonic standoff missile powered by a liquid fuel ramjet.[citation needed] It flies at Mach 2 to Mach 3, with a range between 80 km and 300 km depending on flight profile. Warhead is a single TN 81 with two yield options, 150 and 300 kt of TNT.[citation needed]

In 1991, 90 missiles and 80 warheads were reported to have been produced. By 2001, 60 were operational.[1]

ASMP-A[edit]

An advanced version known as Air-Sol Moyenne Portée-Amélioré ASMP-A has a range of about 600 km[2] at a speed of up to Mach 3 with the new TNA (tête nucléaire aéroportée) 300kt thermonuclear warhead. It entered service in October 2009 with the Mirage 2000NK3 of squadron EC 3/4 at Istres and on July 2010 with the Rafales of squadron EC 1/91 at Saint Dizier.[3]

Operators[edit]

 France

References[edit]

  1. ^ Norris, Robert S.; Arkin, William M.; Kristensen, Hans M.; Handler, Joshua (1 July 2001). "French Nuclear Forces, 2001". Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Retrieved 23 June 2015 – via HighBeam Research. (subscription required (help)). 
  2. ^ http://www.deagel.com/Land-Attack-Cruise-Missiles/ASMP-A_a001115002.aspx
  3. ^ Robert Hewson, "French ASMP-A missile enters service". Jane's Defence Weekly. July 14, 2010, p. 14.

External links[edit]