Air Board (Canada)
Ensign of the Air Board from 1922–23.
The Air Board, Canada's first governing body for aviation, existed from 1919 to 1923. The Canadian government established the Air Board by act of Parliament on June 6, 1919, with the purpose of controlling all flying within Canada. Canada was the first country to legislate and implement rules governing the entire domain of aviation.
The Air Board had three functions: devising a means of, and administering Canadian air defence; controlling and conducting all civil (non-military) government flying operations; and providing rules and regulations for flying within Canada, which included licensing, issuing air regulations and managing air traffic. The Board consisted of three sections: 1) the Department of the Controller of Civil Aviation which controlled all civil flying; 2) the Directorate of Flying Operations which controlled civil flying operations of the Air Board; and 3) the Headquarters of the Canadian Air Force (CAF), which operated at Camp Borden.
Several air stations were established for civil flying operations:
3. Jericho Beach, British Columbia, used for fishery, forestry, anti-smuggling patrols.
5. Rockcliffe, Ontario, used for photo surveying.
6. Victoria Beach, Manitoba, a seaplane base used for forestry patrols.
List of members of the board from 1920:
- Arthur Sifton, Chairman 1919–1921 and Minister of Customs and Inland Revenue (Canada)
- Hugh Guthrie - Chairman 1921 - appointed to replace Sifton
- George Perry Graham - Chairman 1921–22 - appointed to replace Guthrie
- Oliver Mowat Biggar, Vice Chairman 1919–1922 and Judge Advocate General
- Sydney Chilton Mewburn, Member and Minister of Militia and Defence (Canada)
- Charles Ballantyne, Member and Minister of Naval Service
- Dr. Robert M. Coulter – Member and Deputy Postmaster General
- John Armistead Wilson, Member and Assistant Deputy Minister for Naval Service – later Controller of Civil Aviation with Department of National Defence and Transport Canada 1922–1941
- Edward S. Busby – Chief Inspector of Department of Customs and Inland Revenue]
- Willoughby Gwatkin – Inspector General 1919–22
- Lieutenant Colonel Robert Leckie – Superintendent of Flying Operations
- Lieutenant Colonel James Stanley Scott – Superintendent of Certificates Branch
- Major Alexander Macdonald Shook – Secretary
In 1922 the Air Board, along with the former Department of Militia and Defence and the Department of Naval Service, was absorbed into the new Department of National Defence (DND). January 1, 1923, however, was set as the formal change-over date to allow time for reorganization. The CAF, which had been a small non-permanent air militia directed by the Air Board and originally formed to provide refresher flying training to veterans, was reorganized and became responsible for all Canadian flying operations including the control of civil aviation. The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF), which was created in 1924, would direct civil flying until 1927 when a Civil Aviation Branch was created within the DND. In November 1936 the Civil Aviation Branch was transferred to the new Department of Transport, which would control all civil flying except for work directly related to defence.
- Roberts 1959, p. 32.
- Milberry 1984, p. 18.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-03-12. Retrieved 2019-01-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Shaw, S. Bernard (2001). Photographing Canada from Flying Canoes. GeneralStore PublishingHouse. p. 4. ISBN 978-1-894263-42-9.
- Wilson, J. A. (John Armistead). "J.A. Wilson fonds". Archeion – MemoryBC – Aberta on Record. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
- "Major Alexander MacDonald Shook". Canadiangreatwarproject.com. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
- Milberry 1984, p. 23.
- Roberts 1959, p. 101.
- Roberts 1959, p. 110.
- Milberry, Larry, ed. Sixty Years—The RCAF and CF Air Command 1924–1984. Toronto: Canav Books, 1984. ISBN 0-9690703-4-9.
- Roberts, Leslie. There Shall Be Wings. Toronto: Clark, Irwin and Co. Ltd., 1959. No ISBN.