United States Air Force Office of Special Investigations

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Air Force Office of Special Investigations
Air Force Office of Special Investigations.png
Air Force Office of Special Investigations emblem[1]
USA - AF OSI Badge.png
Air Force Office of Special Investigations
special agent badge[2]
AbbreviationAFOSI or OSI
Agency overview
FormedAugust 1, 1948
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agencyUnited States
Operations jurisdictionUnited States
General nature
Operational structure
HeadquartersRussell-Knox Building, Marine Corps Base Quantico, VA Quantico, Virginia
Special Agents2,000 [3]
Unsworn members1,000 [3]
Agency executives
  • Brig. Gen. Terry L. Bullard, Commander
  • Vacant, Executive Director
  • Karen F. Beirne-Flint, Command Chief
Parent agencyDepartment of the Air Force

The U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI or OSI) is a U.S. federal law enforcement agency that reports directly to the Secretary of the Air Force. AFOSI is also a U.S. Air Force field operating agency under the administrative guidance and oversight of the Inspector General of the Air Force. By federal statute,[5][6][7] AFOSI provides independent criminal investigative, counterintelligence and protective service operations worldwide and outside of the traditional military chain of command. AFOSI proactively identifies, investigates, and neutralizes serious criminal, terrorist, and espionage threats to personnel and resources of the Air Force and the U.S. Department of Defense, thereby protecting the national security of the United States.[3]


AFOSI was founded on August 1, 1948, at the suggestion of Congress to consolidate investigative activities in the Air Force. Secretary of the Air Force W. Stuart Symington created AFOSI as a Field Operating Agency and patterned it after the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). He appointed Special Agent Joseph F. Carroll, a senior FBI official and assistant to FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, as the first Commander of AFOSI and charged him with providing independent, unbiased and centrally directed investigations of criminal activity in the Air Force. Carroll later became the first Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency. As of 2007, AFOSI has 2,900 employees. After pilot training, AFOSI remains the second-most requested career choice in the Air Force for officers.[8]

AFOSI capabilities:[9]

  • Protect critical technologies and information
  • Detect and mitigate threats
  • Provide global specialized services
  • Conduct major criminal investigations
  • Engage foreign adversaries and threats offensively

AFOSI's Cornerstone is to vigorously solve crime, protect secrets, warn of threats, exploit intelligence opportunities, and operate in cyber.[clarification needed][9] AFOSI investigates a wide variety of serious offenses - espionage, terrorism, crimes against property, violence against people, larceny, computer hacking, acquisition fraud, drug use and distribution, financial misdeeds, military desertion, corruption of the contracting process, and any other illegal activity that undermines the mission of the Air Force or the DoD.

The AFOSI was the only military investigative service not to be designated a law enforcement agency when it was created in 1948.  It was not until 1976 when an AFOSI reservist noted the discrepancy and called it to the attention of command, and AFOSI quickly sought and received official recognition and designation as an official law enforcement agency.


OSI Agents in Iran[edit]

From 1966 - 1979, agents provided counterintelligence support to U.S. military and contractors in Tehran. OSI was the sole DoD/CI security agency in Iran and as part of the Military Assistance Group, the agents narrowly escaped from the country during the Iranian Revolution. As tensions grew the agent's mission shifted from primarily DOD/CI support to Antiterrorism support. With no existing policy on anti-terrorism operations, agents benchmarked several antiterrorism policies and programs.

In 1979, the Ayatolla Khomeini returned from exile. This turn of events forced AFOSI agents to flee their district office when it was overrun by revolutionaries. While most AFOSI personnel had been evacuated, two AFOSI agents remained behind and were some of the last personnel to be evacuated. These two agents in Tehran along with two USAF communications personnel maintained a position and broadcast information via shortwave radio. Eventually, they made their way towards Tehran airport and avoided capture six different times.


In addition to the AFOSI headquarters at Quantico, VA, AFOSI has seven field investigations regions aligned with Air Force major commands and the Unified combatant commands[3]

In addition, AFOSI has several specialized investigative, training, or supporting units:[3]

  • Office of Special Projects (PJ)
  • Office of Procurement Fraud (PF)
  • Force Support Squadron (FSS)
  • U.S. Air Force Special Investigations Academy (USAFSIA)
  • Investigations, Collections, Operations Nexus (ICON) Center

AFOSI is the designated executive agency for the Department of Defense Cyber Crime Center.

While the regions serve the investigative needs of those aligned major commands, all AFOSI units and personnel remain independent of those commands. In the AFOSI chains of command each region is directly under the AFOSI headquarters. Such organizational independence is intended to ensure unbiased investigations.

At the regional level are subordinate units called field investigations squadrons, detachments, and operating locations. There are more than 255 AFOSI units worldwide including, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Iraq, Afghanistan and other Middle East locations.[10]


AFOSI units are known as detachments (Det) and are aligned underneath their respective Regions (FIR). Detachments (Det) consist of a Detachment Commander or Special Agent in Charge, a Superindentent, and a compliment of special agents. The size of a detachment can range from as little as 3-4 agents or sizes of 35 or more. These larger units are known as Field Investigative squadrons (FIS). A FIS consists of the squadron commander, a Superintendent, and branch chief's that are responsible for operations such as criminal investigations, fraud investigations, and counterintelligence operations. FIS's report to their respective Region and often contain multiple operating locations (OL's) that report to the squadron commander. Regions may also have operating locations.

Additionally, AFOSI has several Force Protection Detachments (FPD). The primary mission of the Force Protection Detachment (FPD) is to protect Department of Defense personnel (military, civilian, and dependents) and resources. The Force Protection Detachment serves as a force multiplier for the U.S. Embassy Regional Security Office and Country Team in support of the DoD presence and mission, which includes, but is not limited to: host nation liaison; counterintelligence matters; threat surveys; threat briefings; DoD investigative lead reporting; threat reporting; and conducting or assisting in the production of vulnerability assessments of ports, airfields, hotels and routes used by in-transit forces.


  • HQ Russell-Knox Building, Quantico, Va.
    • HQ OL-B, Camp Peary Landing, Va.
    • HQ OL-D, Linthicum, Md.
    • HQ OL-E, Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph, Texas
    • HQ OL-J, Pentagon, Va.
    • HQ OL-P, Alexandria, Va.
    • HQ OL-Q, Offutt AFB, Neb.
    • HQ OL-R, Bethesda, Md.
    • HQ OL-S, Washington D.C.
    • HQ OL-T, Chantilly, Va.
    • HQ OL-U, Scott AFB, Ill.
    • HQ OL-V, Arlington, Texas
    • HQ OL-W, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas


  • ICON HQ, Russell-Knox Building, Quantico, Va.
    • ICON OL-A, Chantilly, Va.
    • ICON OL-B, Ft. Meade, Md.
    • ICON OL-C, Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling, D.C.
    • ICON OL-D, McLean, Va.
    • ICON OL-E, Crystal City, Va.
    • ICON OL-F, Joint Base Andrews, Md.
    • ICON OL-G, Ft. Gilem, Ga.
    • ICON OL-H, Washington D.C.
    • ICON OL-L, New York, N.Y.
    • ICON OL-M, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas
    • ICON OL-N, Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers, Ga.
    • ICON OL-O, Dover AFB, Del.
    • ICON Det 1, Yokota AB, Japan
    • ICON Det 1 OL-A, Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii
    • ICON Det 2, Peterson AFB, Col.
  • 1 FIS, Russell-Knox Building, Quantico, VA
    • 1 FIS Det 1, Hurlburt Field, Fla.
    • 1 FIS Det 2, Ramstein AB, Germany
    • 1 FIS Det 2 OL-A, Mildenhall, United Kingdom
    • 1 FIS Det 3, Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, N.J.
    • 1 FIS Det 4, Kadena AB, Japan
  • 2 FIS, Joint Base Andrews, Md.
    • 2 FIS OL-B, Linthicum, Md.
    • 2 FIS OL-E, MacDill AFB, Fla.
  • 3 FIS, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas
    • 3 FIS OL-F, Goodfellow AFB, Texas
  • 4 FIS, Vogelweh, Germany
  • 12 FIS, Buckley AFB, Col.
    • 12 FIS OL-A, Travis AFB, Calif.
    • 12 FIS OL-B, Offutt AFB, Neb.


  • FSS, Russell-Knox Building, Quantico, Va.
    • FSS OL-A, Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph, Texas
    • FSS OL-B, Patch Barracks, Germany
    • FSS OL-C, Yokota AB, Japan
    • FSS OL-C, Joint Base Langley-Eustis, Va.



  • 1 FIR HQ, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio
  • 1 FIR OL-A, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio
  • 10 FIS, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio
    • 10 FIS OL-A, Indianapolis, Ind.
    • 10 FIS OL-B, Pittsburg IAP, Pa.
    • 10 FIS OL-C, Youngstown Warren, Ohio
    • 10 FIS OL-D, Grissom ARB, Ind.
    • 10 FIS OL-E, Dayton, Ohio
    • 10 FIS OL-F, Minn/St. Paul ANG, Minn.
  • Det 102, Hanscom AFB, Mass.
    • Det 102 OL-A, Rome, N.Y.
    • Det 102 OL-B, Westover ARB, Mass.
    • Det 201 OL-C, Niagara Falls ANG, N.Y.
  • Det 104, Eglin AFB, Fla.
  • Det 105, Robins AFB, Ga.
    • Det 105 OL-A, Dobbins ARB, Ga.
  • Det 106, Arnold AFB, Tenn.
  • Det 111, Edwards AFB, Calif.
    • Det 111 OL-A, March AFB, Calif.
  • Det 113, Hill AFB, Utah
  • Det 114, Tinker AFB, Okla.
    • Det 114 OL-A, Fort Worth NAS JR, Texas
  • Det 120, Cannon AFB, N.M.
  • Det 121, Hurlburt Field, Fla.
    • Det 121 OL-A, Homestead, Fla.


  • 2 FIR HQ, Joint Base Langley–Eustis, Va.
    • 2 FIR OL-A, Shaw AFB, S.C.
    • 2 FIR OL-B, Davis-Monthan AFB, Ariz.
    • 2 FIR OL-BH, Homestead, Fla.
    • 2 FIR FPD 3, Bogota, Colombia
    • 2 FIR FPD 4, Panama City, Panama
    • 2 FIR FPD 6, Amman, Jordan
    • 2 FIR FPD 7, Santiago, Chile
    • 2 FIR FPD 8, Brasilia, Brazil
    • 2 FIR FPD 10, Curacao
    • 2 FIR FPD 14, Cairo, Egypt
  • 24 EFIS, Al Udeid AB, Qatar
  • Det 201, Joint Base Langley-Eustis, Va.
  • Det 202, Creech AFB, Nev.
  • Det 203, Grand Forks AFB, N.D.
  • Det 204, Offutt AFB, Neb.
  • Det 206, Nellis AFB, Nev.
  • Det 211, Moody AFB, Ga.
  • Det 212, Shaw AFB, S.C.
  • Det 216, Seymour Johnson AFB, N.C.
  • Det 216 OL-A, Pope AFB, N.C.
  • Det 217, Davis Monthan AFB, Ariz
  • Det 218, Beale AFB, Calif.
  • Det 221, Mountain Home AFB, Idaho
  • Det 241, Al Udeid AB, Qatar
  • Det 242, Ali Al Salem, Kuwait,
  • Det 243, Eskan Village, Saudi Arabia
  • Det 246, Al Dhafra, United Arab Emirates


  • 3 FIR HQ, Scott AFB, Ill.
  • Det 301, Scott AFB, Ill.
    • Det 301 OL-A, St. Louis, Mo.
  • Det 303, Travis AFB, Calif.
    • Det 303 OL-A, Sacramento, Calif.
  • Det 305, Joint Base Lewis McChord, Wash.
  • Det 306, Dover AFB, Del.
  • Det 307, JB Mcguire-Dix-Lakehurst, N.J.
    • Det 307 OL-A, Neward, N.J.
  • Det 310, Joint Base Charleston, S.C.
  • Det 321, McConnell AFB, Kas.
  • Det 322, Fairchild AFB, Wash.
  • Det 327, Little Rock AFB, Ark.
  • Det 340, MacDill AFB, Fla.
  • 7 FIS, Joint Base Andrews Md.
    • 7 FIS OL-A, Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling, D.C.
    • 7 FIS OL-D, Baltimore, Md.
    • 7 FIS, Det 331, Joint Base Andrews, Md.
    • 7 FIS, Det 332, Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling, D.C.
    • 7 FIS, Det 333, Fort Meade, Md.
    • 7 FIS, Det 334, Pentagon, Va.


  • 4 FIR HQ, Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph, Texas
  • 11 FIS, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas
    • 11 FIS, Det 402, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas
    • 11 FIS, Det 403, Medina Annex, Texas
    • 11 FIS, Det 403 OL-A, San Antonio, Texas
    • 11 FIS, Det 403 OL-B, Houston, Texas
    • 11 FIS, Det 404, Joint Base San Antonio-Ft. Sam Houston, Texas
    • 11 FIS, Det 404 OL-A, Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph, Texas
  • Det 405, Maxwell AFB, Ala.
  • Det 406, Columbus AFB, Miss.
  • Det 407, Keesler AFB, Miss.
  • Det 408, Goodfellow AFB, Texas
  • Det 410, Laughlin AFB, Texas
  • Det 411, Sheppard AFB, Texas
  • Det 421, Luke AFB Ariz.
  • Det 421 OL-A, Phoenix, Ariz.
  • Det 422, Altus AFB, Okla.
  • Det 423, Holloman AFB, N.M.
  • Det 438, Vance AFB, Okla.


  • 5 FIR HQ, Ramstein AB, Germany
    • 5 FIR FPD 4, Sofia, Bulgaria
    • 5 FIR FPD, Tel Aviv, Israel
    • 5 FIR FPD, Georgia
  • Det 501, Ramstein AB, Germany
  • 25 EFIS, Ramstein AB, Germany
  • Det 503 OL-FPD 9, Kampala, Uganda
  • Det 503 FPD, Ghana
  • Det 503 FPD, Morocco
    • Det 503 OL Sigonella, Italy
  • Det 512 RAF Mildenhall, United Kingdom
  • Det 514 RAF Alconbury, United Kingdom
    • Det 514 OL-A, RAF Croughton, United Kingdom
  • Det 515, Ramstein AB, Germany
  • Det 518, Spangdahlem AB, Germany
  • Det 521, Ankara, Turkey
  • Det 522, Incirlik AB, Turkey
  • Det 523, Izmir, Turkey
  • Det 531, Aviano AB, Italy
  • Det 535, Rome, Italy
  • Det 538, Paris, France
  • Det 540, Berlin, Germany
  • Det 541, London, United Kingdom
  • Det 542, Lask AB, Poland


  • 6 FIR HQ, Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii
    • 6 FIR OL-FPD 3, Sydney, Australia
    • 6 FIR OL-FPD 5, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Det 601, Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii
  • Det 602, Anderson AFB, Guam
    • Det 602 OL-A, Manila, Philippines
  • Det 621, Yokota AB, Japan
  • Det 622, Tokyo, Japan
  • Det 623, Misawa AB, Japan
  • Det 624, Kadena AB, Japan
  • Det 631, Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska
  • Det 632, Eielson AFB, Alaska
  • 5 FIS, Osan AB, South Korea
    • 5 FIS, Det 611, Osan AB, South Korea
    • 5 FIS, Det 613, Kunsan AB, South Korea
    • 5 FIS, Det 614, Seoul, South Korea


  • 8 FIR HQ, Peterson AFB, Colo.
  • 8 FIR OL-C, Barksdale, La.
  • Det 801, Buckley AFB, Colo.
    • Det 801 OL-A, Denver, Colo.
  • Det 802, Patrick AFB, Fla.
  • Det 803, Peterson AFB, Colo.
  • Det 804, Vandenberg AFB, Calif.
    • Det 804 OL-A, Monterey, Calif.
  • Det 805, F.E. Warren AFB, Wyo.
  • Det 806, Malmstrom AFB, Mont.
  • Det 807, Schriever AFB, Colo.
  • Det 808, USAF Academy, Colo.
  • Det 810, Los Angeles AFB, Calif.
    • Det 810 OL-B, San Diego, Calif.
    • Det 810 OL-C, Campbell, Calif.
  • Det 811, Whiteman AFB, Mo.
  • Det 812, Barksdale AFB, La.
  • Det 813, Minot AFB, N.D.
  • Det 814, Kirtland AFB, N.M.
    • Det 814 OL-A, Albuquerque, N.M.
  • Det 815, Dyess AFB, Texas
  • Det 816, Ellsworth AFB, S.D.


  • PF HQ, Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling, D.C.
  • PF Det 1, Los Angeles AFB, Calif.
    • PF Det 1 OL-A, Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Wash.
    • PF Det 1 OL-B, Travis AFB, Calif.
    • PF Det 1 OL-C, San Diego, Calif.
  • PF Det 2, Tinker AFB, Okla.
    • PF Det 2 OL-A, Hill AFB, Utah
    • PF Det 2 OL-B, Buckley AFB, Col.
  • PF Det 3, San Antonio, Texas
    • PF Det 3 OL-A, Davis-Montan AFB, Ariz.
    • PF Det 3 OL-B, Westlake, Texas
    • PF Det 3 OL-C, Kirtland AFB, N.M
    • PF Det 3 OL-D, Dallas, Texas
  • PF Det 4, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio
    • PF Det 4 OL-B, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio
  • PF Det 5, Dobbins ARB, Ga.
    • PF Det 5 OL-A, Robbins AFB, Ga.
    • PF Det 5 OL-B, Eglin AFB, Fla.
    • PF Det 5 OL-C, MacDill AFB, Fla.
    • PF Det 5 OL-D, Patrick AFB, Fla.
    • PF Det 5 OL-E, Maxwell AFB, Ala.
  • PF Det 6, Joint Base Andrews, Md.
    • PF Det 6 OL-A, Hanscom AFB, Mass.
    • PF Det 6 OL-B, Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, N.J.
    • PF Det 6 OL-C, Rome, N.Y.
    • PF Det 6 OL-ICCTF, Qatar


  • PJ HQ, Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling, D.C.
    • PJ OL-A, Scott AFB, Ill
    • PJ OL-B, Joint Base Langley-Eustis, Va.
    • PJ OL-C, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio
    • PJ OL-D, Peterson AFB, Colo.
    • PJ OL-E, Las Vegas, Nev.
    • PJ OL-F, Barksdale AFB, La.
    • PJ OL-G, Ramstein AB, Germany
    • PJ OL-H, Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii
  • PJ Det 1, Las Vegas, Nev.
  • PJ Det 2, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio
  • PJ Det 3, Eglin AFB, Fla.
  • PJ Det 3 OL-A, Marietta, Ga.
  • PJ Det 3 OL-D, Patrick AFB, Fla.
  • PJ Det 4, Hanscom AFB, Mass.
  • PJ Det 6, Pope AFB, N.C.
    • PJ Det 6 OL-A, Eglin AFB, Fla.
    • PJ Det 6 OL-E, Greenville, S.C.
    • PJ Det 6 OL-F, Hurlburt Field, Fla.
    • PJ Det 6 OL-G, Pentagon, Va.
  • PJ Det 7, Palmdale, Calif.
    • PJ Det 7 OL-A, El Segundo, Calif.
  • PJ Det 8, Westlake, Texas
    • PJ Det 8 OL-A, Kirtland AFB, N.M.
    • PJ Det 8 OL-B, San Antonio, Texas
    • PJ Det 8 OL-C, Tinker AFB, Okla.
  • PJ Det 9, Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling, D.C>
    • PJ Det 9 OL-A, Dahlgren, Va.
    • PJ Det 9 OL-B, Crystal City, Va.
    • PJ Det 9 OL-C, Pentagon, Va.


Several AFOSI agents at a U.S. Air Force base.

Threat detection

AFOSI manages offensive and defensive activities to detect, counter and destroy the effectiveness of hostile intelligence services and terrorist groups that target the Air Force. These efforts include investigating the crimes of espionage, terrorism, technology transfer and computer infiltration. This mission aspect also includes providing personal protection to senior Air Force leaders and other officials, as well as supervising an extensive antiterrorism program in geographic areas of heightened terrorist activity.[3]

Criminal investigations

The vast majority of AFOSI's investigative activities pertain to felony crimes including murder, robbery, rape, assault, major burglaries, drug use and trafficking, sex offenses, arson, black market activities, and other serious criminal activities. In January 2014, while investigating synthetic drugs abuse, AFOSI uncovered the facts of cheating on monthly proficiency exams at the 341st Missile Wing at Malmstrom Air Force Base in Montana involving 79 officers.[3][11]

Economic crime investigations

A significant amount of AFOSI investigative resources are assigned to fraud (or economic crime) investigations. These include violations of the public trust involving Air Force contracting matters, appropriated and nonappropriated funds activities, computer systems, pay and allowance matters, environmental matters, acquiring and disposing of Air Force property, and major administrative irregularities. AFOSI uses fraud surveys to determine the existence, location and extent of fraud in Air Force operations or programs. It also provides briefings to base and command-level resource managers to help identify and prevent fraud involving Air Force or Department of Defense (DoD) resources.[3]

An AFOSI interview

Information operations

The Air Force is now countering a global security threat to information systems. AFOSI's role in support of Information Operations recognizes future threats to the Air Force, and its response to these threats will occur in cyberspace. AFOSI's support to information operations comes in many forms. AFOSI's computer crime investigators provide rapid worldwide response to intrusions into Air Force systems.[10]

Technology protection

The desires of potential adversaries to acquire or mimic the technological advances of the Air Force have heightened the need to protect critical Air Force technologies and collateral data. The AFOSI Research and Technology Protection Program provides focused, comprehensive counterintelligence and core mission investigative services to safeguard Air Force technologies, programs, critical program information, personnel and facilities.[10]

Specialized services

AFOSI has numerous specialists who are invaluable in the successful resolution of investigations. They include technical specialists, polygraphers, behavioral scientists, computer experts and forensic advisers.[3]

Defense Cyber Crime Center

The Department of Defense Cyber Crime Center (DC3) was established as an organic entity within AFOSI in 1998. The formation of the DC3 expanded the operational scope of the AFOSI Computer Forensic Lab, established in 1995 as the first of its kind within the DoD. DC3 provides digital and multimedia forensics, cyber investigative training, research, development, test and evaluation, and cyber analytics for the following DoD mission areas: information assurance and critical infrastructure protection, law enforcement and counterintelligence, document and media exploitation, and counterterrorism. DC3 is a national cyber center and serves as the operational focal point for the Defense Industrial Base Cybersecurity and Information Assurance Program (DIB CS/IA Program).[3]

Training and physical requirements[edit]

All new AFOSI special agent recruits—whether officer, enlisted, or civilian—receive their entry-level training at the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) in Glynco, Georgia. The training requires that each recruit meet various physical requirements. The candidates attend the 12-week Criminal Investigator Training Program with other federal law enforcement trainees. That course is followed by eight weeks of AFOSI agency-specific coursework, at the U.S. Air Force Special Investigations Academy (USAFSIA), co-located at FLETC. Both courses offer new agents training in firearms and other weapons, defensive tactics, forensics, surveillance and surveillance detection, antiterrorism techniques, crime scene processing, interrogations and interviews, court testimony, and military and federal law. Upon graduation, new AFOSI special agents spend a one-year probationary period in the field. Upon successful completion, some agents receive specialized training in economic crime, antiterrorism service, counterintelligence, computer crimes and other sophisticated criminal investigative capabilities. Others attend 12 weeks of technical training to acquire electronic, photographic and other skills required to perform technical surveillance countermeasures. Experienced agents selected for polygraph duties attend a 14-week Department of Defense course.[8]

Each recruit is expected to participate in each of the following exercises: flexibility, bench press, 1.5-mile (2.4 km) run/walk and agility run. All students are tested to determine their fitness level, and each test is age and gender normed. AFOSI special agents are expected to remain physically fit throughout their employment and must maintain Air Force physical fitness standards as defined by Air Force Instruction (AFI) 36-2905.[8]


A U.S. Air Force Special Investigations Academy (USAFSIA) Instructor provides guidance on firing an AK-47 during the weapons familiarization training at the Senior Leader Security Seminar.

AFOSI agents' primary firearm is the 9×19mm SIG Sauer P228, though other weapons are available for use depending on the needs of the mission, including the M4 and MP5. Agents may also qualify with a weapon from an approved list of manufacturers in 9mm.

In the media[edit]

Rosario Dawson fires a M11 pistol at the firing range at Andrews Air Force Base, while researching her role in Eagle Eye.

Air Force Informant Program[edit]

In December 2013, The Colorado Springs Gazette[16] reported that AFOSI was operating a Confidential Informant Program at the U.S. Air Force Academy (USAFA), Colorado Springs, CO, which recruited cadets to gather information about other rule breakers and criminals. The program left the recruits to take responsibility for both the initial incident that got them into trouble and any subsequent rule-breaking behavior resulting from the directions of AFOSI agents. One of the cadets who participated said, "...it was effective. We got 15 convictions of drugs, two convictions of sexual assault. We were making a difference. It was motivating, especially with the sexual assaults. You could see the victims have a sense of peace."[17]

In response, the USAFA Superintendent will now have oversight of the program at the Academy. Though the Superintendent will be aware of the operations, AFOSI will still have command and control of the program.[18]

Failure to report information to the FBI[edit]

In 2017, former Airman Devin Kelley shot and killed 26 people and wounded 22 others at the First Baptist Church of Sutherland Springs, TX. According to media and a Department of Defense Inspector General report, Kelly was convicted of assault and discharged from the Air Force. This information was supposed to be reported by AFOSI to the FBI's Criminal Justice Information Services Division. Had this occurred, Kelley would have been unable to purchase a firearm legally through a Federal Firearms License (FFL). AFOSI failed to send the data four times. According to the SECAF, "the failure in reporting Kelley's criminal history was not an isolated event unique to this case or to Holloman AFB, NM, where the investigation unfolded."[19]

  AFOSI Fallen Heroes[edit]

  AFOSI Fallen Heroes[20][21]
  • On 21 Dec 2015, four AFOSI special agents and two U.S. Air Force Security Forces members were killed by a suicide bomber near Bagram, Afghanistan, who were the following: SA Adrianna M. Vorderbruggen, SA Michael A. Cinco, SA Peter W. Taub, SA Chester J. McBride, TSgt Joseph G. Lemm, and SSgt Louis M. Bonacasa.[22][23][24][25][26][27][28]
  • On 27 Apr 2011, a single gunman opened fired, killing eight Air Force military members and an Air Force civilian contract employee at Kabul Int'l Airport, Afghanistan, which included AFOSI professional staff member MSgt Tara R. Brown.[29][30]
  • On 1 Nov 2007, three AFOSI special agents were killed when their vehicle was struck by an IED near Balad AB, Iraq, who were the following: SA Thomas Crowell, SA Nathan Schuldheiss, and SA David Wieger.[31][32][33][34]
  • On 5 Jun 2007, two AFOSI special agents were killed when their vehicle was struck by an IED near Kirkuk AB, Iraq, who were the following: SA Matthew J. Kuglics and SA Ryan A. Balmer.[35][36][37]
  • On 20 Feb 2006, SA Daniel J. Kuhlmeier was killed when his vehicle was struck by an IED near Baghdad, Iraq.[38][39]
  • On 8 Aug 04, SA Rick A. Ulbright was wounded and later died from the injuries of a rocket attack near Kirkuk AB, Iraq.[40][41]
  • On 12 Sep 1970, SA Raymond R. Round was killed by gunshots for disrupting a criminal network near U-Tapao Airfield, Thailand.[42]
  • On 10 Nov 1967, SA Lee C. Hitchcock was killed by a rocket attack near Pleiku, Vietnam.[43][44]

See also[edit]

Military Criminal Investigative Organizations

Air Force



  1. ^ "Fact Sheets: The AFOSI Shield Emblem". U.S. Air Force. 8 Jan 2008. Retrieved 30 Dec 2018.
  2. ^ "Fact Sheets: The AFOSI Badge". U.S. Air Force. 8 Jan 2008. Retrieved 30 Dec 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Fact Sheets: Air Force Office of Special Investigations". U.S. Air Force. 4 Aug 2017. Retrieved 30 Dec 2018.
  4. ^ "Air Force Office of Special Investigations: Units". U.S. Air Force. Retrieved 30 Dec 2018.
  5. ^ "DOD Instruction 5505.16 Investigations by DoD Components" (PDF). Department of Defense. 23 June 2017. Retrieved 30 Dec 2018.
  6. ^ "10 U.S.C. 2672 - Protection of buildings, grounds, property, and persons" (PDF). U.S. Government Publishing Office. 6 Jan 2006. Retrieved 30 Dec 2018.
  7. ^ "10 U.S.C. 9027 - Civilian special agents of the Office of Special Investigations: authority to execute warrants and make arrests" (PDF). U.S. Government Publishing Office. 30 Oct 2000. Retrieved 30 Dec 2018.
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