Air Force One (film)
|Air Force One|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Wolfgang Petersen|
|Produced by||Armyan Bernstein
|Written by||Andrew W. Marlowe|
William H. Macy
|Music by||Jerry Goldsmith|
|Edited by||Richard Francis-Bruce|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures (US)
Buena Vista Pictures (International)
|Box office||$315.1 million|
Air Force One is a 1997 American action-political thriller film written by Andrew W. Marlowe and directed and co-produced by Wolfgang Petersen. It is about a group of Russian terrorists that hijack Air Force One.
The film stars Harrison Ford and Gary Oldman, as well as Glenn Close, Xander Berkeley, William H. Macy, Dean Stockwell, and Paul Guilfoyle. A box office success with generally supportive critical reviews, the film was one of the most popular action films of the 1990s, and sitting U.S. President Bill Clinton praised it.
American and Russian Special Forces capture General Ivan Radek (Jürgen Prochnow), the dictator of a rogue terrorist regime in Kazakhstan that possessed stolen Soviet nuclear weapons, threatening to start a new Cold War. Three weeks after the mission, U.S. President James Marshall (Harrison Ford) attends a diplomatic dinner in Moscow, during which he praises the capture and insists the United States will no longer negotiate with terrorists. Marshall and his entourage, including his wife Grace (Wendy Crewson) and daughter Alice (Liesel Matthews), and several of his Cabinet and advisers, prepare to return to the United States on Air Force One. In addition, a number of members of the press corps have been invited aboard, including Russian terrorists and Radek loyalists disguised as journalists led by Ivan Korshunov (Gary Oldman).
After takeoff, Secret Service agent Gibbs (Xander Berkeley), who has been a mole, enables Korshunov and his men to obtain weapons and storm the plane, killing many of the other agents and military personnel before taking the civilians hostage. Marshall is raced to an escape pod in the cargo hold while pursued by Korshunov's men but they are too late to capture him as the pod is ejected. Instead, Korshunov storms the cockpit and prevents the plane from making an emergency landing at Ramstein Air Force Base in Germany, and secures Grace and Alice separately from the other hostages. Six F-15's (dubbed "Halo" flight) escort Air Force One as Korshunov has it piloted towards Radek-loyal airspace.
Unknown to Korshunov, Marshall, a Vietnam War veteran and Medal of Honor recipient, has remained hidden in the cargo hold instead of using the pod and begins to observe the loyalists using his military training. Marshall manages to kill some of Korshunov's men and then uses a satellite phone to make contact with his Vice President Kathryn Bennett (Glenn Close), letting his staff know he is alive. Korshunov, believing that only a rogue Secret Service agent is in the cargo hold, contacts Bennett and demands Radek's release, threatening to kill a hostage every half hour. Marshall and military advisors devise a plan to trick Korshunov to take Air Force One to a lower altitude for a mid-air refueling, giving time for the hostages to parachute safely off the plane. As a KC-10 tanker docks with Air Force One, Marshall helps to kill another loyalist and escorts the hostages to the cargo hold, where most parachute away; Marshall insists on staying to rescue his family. Korshunov discovers the deception and forces Air Force One away, causing the fuel to ignite, destroying the tanker; the shock wave disrupts the escape process with the few remaining hostages falling out of the plane, and Korshunov is able to stop Marshall, Chief of Staff Lloyd Shepherd (Paul Guilfoyle), Major Caldwell (William H. Macy), and Gibbs from escaping.
With the President and his family under his control, Korshunov forces Marshall to contact Russian President Petrov and arrange for Radek's release. Bennett is urged by Defense Secretary Walter Dean (Dean Stockwell) to declare the President incapable under the Twenty-Fifth Amendment, so as to override Radek's release, but she refuses. While Korushunov and his men celebrate the news of Radek's release, Marshall breaks his bonds and kills Korshunov's last two henchmen; before Korshunov could escape himself, Marshal fatally strangles him and throws his body off the plane. Marshall races back to lift his order, and Radek is subsequently killed when he attempts to escape.
Marshall and Caldwell direct the plane back to friendly airspace, only to be quickly tailed by a second batch of Radek loyalists piloting six MiG-29's, who surprise Marshall and Caldwell of their proximity with a missile lock warning and subsequent engagement. The F-15's are reverted and ordered into Kazakhstan on afterburner, and are green-lit to fire. Marshall is able to evade most of the missile launches; although one turbine is destroyed by a MiG's cannon fire. The F-15's destroy two MiG-29's in BVR combat with AIM-120's, and merge for a close engagement. One F-15 pilot (Halo 2) sacrifices himself to intercept a remaining missile, but the resulting explosion damages Air Force One's tail, and the 747 start to lose altitude; the damage also makes the plane unable to land. An F-15 downs one more MiG-29 (presumably the one who killed Halo 2), and the remaining MiG's retreat. A standby U.S. Air Force Rescue HC-130 is called to help, sending parajumpers on tether lines to help rescue the survivors. Marshall insists that his family and the injured Shepherd be transferred first. When there is time for only one more transfer, Gibbs reveals himself as the mole, killing the parajumper and Caldwell. Marshall and Gibbs fight for control of the transfer line, and Marshall manages to grab and detach it at the last minute. Air Force One crashes into the Caspian Sea, killing Gibbs. The HC-130 airmen reel Marshall in, who is safely reunited with his family. The HC-130 is subsequently renamed "Air Force One" as it flies back to friendly airspace.
- Harrison Ford as U.S. President James Marshall
- Gary Oldman as Ivan Korshunov, a Russian Radek loyalist
- Glenn Close as U.S. Vice President Kathryn Bennett
- Wendy Crewson as First Lady Grace Marshall
- Liesel Matthews as First Daughter Alice Marshall
- Dean Stockwell as U.S. Defense Secretary Walter Dean
- Elya Baskin as Andrei Kolchak, Korshunov's best friend and pilot
- Levan Uchaneishvili as Sergei Lenski, Korshunov's henchman
- David Vadim as Igor Nevsky, Korshunov's henchman
- Andrew Divoff as Boris Bazylev, Korshunov's henchman
- Ilia Volok as Vladimir Krasin, Korshunov's henchman
- Paul Guilfoyle as White House Chief of Staff Lloyd Shepherd
- Xander Berkeley as U.S. Secret Service Special Agent in Charge Gibbs, of Presidential Protective Division.
- William H. Macy as Major Norman Caldwell, military aide to the President
- Alan Woolf as Russian President Petrov
- Tom Everett as U.S. National Security Advisor Jack Doherty
- Jürgen Prochnow as General Ivan Radek, the dictator of Kazakhstan
- Donna Bullock as Deputy Press Secretary Melanie Mitchell
- Michael Ray Miller as Colonel Axelrod, pilot of Air Force One
- Carl Weintraub as Lieutenant Colonel Ingraham, co-pilot of Air Force One
- Spencer Garrett as White House Aide Thomas Lee
- Bill Smitrovich as General Northwood
- Glenn Morshower as U.S. Secret Service Agent Walters
- David Gianopoulos as U.S. Secret Service Agent Johnson
- Dan Shor as Notre Dame Aide
- Philip Baker Hall as U.S. Attorney General Andrew Ward
- Richard Doyle as Colonel Bob Jackson, Air Force One Backup Pilot
- Willard Pugh as White House Communications Officer
- Don R. McManus as Lt. Colonel Jack Carlton, F-15 "Halo Flight" Leader
- J.A. Preston as the USAF Maj. General who was President Marshall's Commanding Officer during the Vietnam War
A large part of the crew took a tour of the real Air Force One before filming. They based some of the film's scenes, where the terrorists disguised as journalists survey the plane's layout and begin to take their seats, on the touring experience. The character of Deputy Press Secretary Melanie Mitchell was based largely on their real life tour guide, and the crew felt uncomfortable having to film the character's execution by the terrorists.
Scenes explaining why Agent Gibbs was the mole were cut from the final script. According to director Wolfgang Petersen, Gibbs was a former CIA agent who lost a lot after the end of the Cold War and thus became angry with the American government. The hijackers never reveal to anyone Gibbs' true identity, to the point where they also tie him up along with President Marshall, Major Caldwell, and Chief of Staff Lloyd Shepherd.
Gary Oldman did not stay in character between the scenes. The director later said he called the filming experience "Air Force Fun" because of how comic and genial Oldman would be off-screen. He also said that Oldman would suddenly return to the menacing film persona like a shot.
General Radek's palace, seen in the film's opening, was portrayed by two locations in Cleveland, Ohio: the exterior was Severance Hall, and the interior was the Cuyahoga County Courthouse. The Russian prison where Radek was incarcerated was the Ohio State Reformatory, previously seen in The Shawshank Redemption.
A box office success with generally supportive critical reviews, the film was one of the most popular action films of the 1990s, and sitting U.S. President Bill Clinton praised it. Air Force One received generally positive reviews from critics, with an overall "fresh" rating of 78% on review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. Peter Travers of Rolling Stone awarded the film 3.5/4 stars, describing it as "superior escapism", and concluding, "Air Force One doesn't insult the audience. It is crafted by a film-maker who takes pride in the thrills and sly fun he packs into every frame. Welcome to something rare in a summer of crass commercialism: a class act." Todd McCarthy of Variety described the film as "a preposterously pulpy but quite entertaining suspense meller" that is "spiked by some spectacularly staged and genuinely tense action sequences." He lauded the film's antagonist: "[Gary] Oldman, in his second malevolent lead of the summer, after The Fifth Element, registers strongly as a veteran of the Afghan campaign pushed to desperate lengths to newly ennoble his country."
In a lukewarm review, Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film 2.5 stars out of 4 and found it flawed and cliché-ridden yet "well-served by the quality of the performances ... Air Force One is a fairly competent recycling of familiar ingredients, given an additional interest because of Harrison Ford's personal appeal." Adam Mars-Jones of The Independent was more critical, calling it "so preposterous that it begins to seem like a science-fiction artifact...the product of a parallel-universe 1990s which somehow by-passed the decades since the 1950s."
The film was a major box office success, earning $172,650,002 (54.9%) domestically and $142,200,000 (45.1%) in other countries. It grossed a total of $315,156,409 worldwide in the box office. It was the year's fifth highest-grossing film worldwide.
President Bill Clinton saw the film twice while in office and gave it good reviews. He noted, however, that certain elements of the film's version of Air Force One, such as the escape pod and the rear parachute ramp, did not reflect features of the actual Air Force One. In the audio commentary, Wolfgang Petersen mused that although the real plane did not have those features at the time of the filming, they would probably be added by future governments.
A Wall Street Journal poll in 2016 named Harrison Ford's James Marshall as the greatest fictional president.
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
|Air Force One: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack|
|Soundtrack album by Jerry Goldsmith|
|Released||July 29, 1997|
|Jerry Goldsmith chronology|
Randy Newman was initially hired to write the film score; however, Petersen considered his composition to be almost a parody and commissioned Jerry Goldsmith to write and record a more sombre and patriotic score in just twelve days, with assistance from Joel McNeely. After the harrowing experience, Goldsmith vowed never again to take on such a last-minute task.
Varèse Sarabande released a soundtrack album featuring Goldsmith's music (McNeely receives a credit on the back cover for "Additional Music in the Motion Picture", but none of his work is on the CD, although his cues include the material heard when Air Force One is under attack).[original research?]
A novelization of the film was published in June 1997 by author Max Allan Collins. Though the book has the same central plot and outcomes as the film, its main storyline significantly differs from the film.
- Wolfgang Petersen audio commentary.
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