Air Malta

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Air Malta
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded1973; 50 years ago (1973)
AOC #MT-01
HubsMalta International Airport
Focus citiesLuqa
Frequent-flyer programFlypass
Fleet size8
Destinations17 (June 2021)
HeadquartersLuqa, Malta
Key peopleDavid Curmi (Executive Chairman)

Air Malta plc (stylized as airmalta) is the flag carrier of Malta, with its headquarters in Luqa and its hub at Malta International Airport. It operates services to destinations in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa.


Air Malta leased its first Boeing 720B's in 1974 and they were joined by another three a few years later.
Once a mainstay of the fleet, the Boeing 737-200 series has since been phased out, seen here at London Heathrow Airport in 1983.

Early years[edit]

Shortly after the Second World War, several small private airlines were formed in Malta. Amongst these were The Malta Instone Airline, BAS (Malta) Ltd, and Malta Airlines. In 1947, the former two companies merged to form Air Malta Ltd in fierce competition with the latter. Eventually in 1951 Malta Airlines absorbed the operations of Air Malta Ltd and continued operating through an agreement with BEA until 1973. The owners of Air Malta Ltd used their real estate, staff, and equipment to set up a ground handling company called MAS, Malta Aviation Services.

In the early 1970s, the Maltese government appointed Albert Mizzi as chairman of the airline and made a call for an international airline partner to help set up an airline. The name chosen for the new airline was similar to that of its forerunner, Air Malta Co Ltd, and was established on 31 March 1973. BEA was chartered to continue its Malta operations, this time for Air Malta, until Air Malta's first flight on 1 April 1974. Both Malta Airlines and Malta Aviation Services were taken over by the government and the private owners were given a shareholding in Air Malta Co. Ltd.

Air Malta started operations, with two wet leased Boeing 720Bs that served Rome, Tripoli, London, Manchester, Frankfurt, and Paris from Malta. It later bought three more Boeing 720Bs and bought the original two.

In 1981, three Boeing 737-200s were wet leased, which were so successful that in 1983, three new fully owned Boeing 737-200s were delivered. In 1986, Air Malta bought three new Boeing 737-200s, and in 1987 ordered its first Airbus A320. In 1989, Air Malta exercised an option for one more A320, and in 1992, three more Boeing 737-300s were ordered and four Avro RJ70s were ordered for routes to Catania and Palermo, and to new destinations such as Tunis and Monastir.

After the opening of Malta International Airport in 1992, Air Malta created CargoSystems, which includes the transportation of cargo on Air Malta planes. In 1994, Air Malta inaugurated a cargo center at the airport. It was also during this time that a codesharing agreement with Trans World Airlines began.

21st century development[edit]

An Air Malta Airbus A320-200 wearing the former livery in 2007

Between 2002 and 2007, Air Malta embarked upon a fleet replacement programme, opting to change all aircraft to Airbus A319s and A320s. The last aircraft in this order, an A320, was delivered on 22 March 2007, and the fleet has not been replaced since.

Air Malta had around 190 interline ticketing agreements with other IATA airlines. According to the Association of European Airlines quarterly review of May 2006, Air Malta is the airline that lost the least amount of passenger baggage. The amount of baggage lost in the first quarter of 2006 was 4.1 bags missing per 1000 passengers.

In winter, the airline often leases out aircraft to maximise earnings during the low season. In September 2007, for instance, Air Malta made two agreements with Abu Dhabi-based Etihad Airways by which Air Malta wet-leased 2 Airbus aircraft to Etihad Airways for the winter period starting 1 September 2007, and provided operational support on another Airbus A320 aircraft leased by Etihad Airways. In January and February 2009 Air Malta wet-leased an A320 to Sky Airline of Chile. From 2011 to 2014 Air Malta wet-leased another A320 to Sky Airline.

In 2012 Air Malta underwent a re-branding process, which caused some controversy as the titles on aircraft and signage only say Malta, omitting the word Air. The airline insisted this was not a name change, and the full name of the airline remains Air Malta. Additionally, the titles on the engines still say The first plane to show off the new colours was the Airbus A320-200 9H-AEN at the Malta International Airshow 2012. On the second and last day of the show the A320 and a Spitfire performed a flypast as the closing act.

As a commemoration of the airline's 40 years of operation, the airline painted one of its aircraft, 9H-AEI, an A320-200, in retro colours, depicting the livery used on the Boeing 720Bs. The 9H-AEI aircraft debuted on April 16, 2014.

In June 2017, the newly appointed Minister for Tourism announced the restructuring of Air Malta.[1] This was also confirmed by the newly appointed chairman.[2] Air Malta then opened a number of new routes, including Tunis, Malaga (reduced to seasonal in 2019), Comiso (terminated after summer 2018), Kiev, Lisbon, Casablanca, Southend (terminated in 2019) and Cagliari (subsequently reduced to June–September only).[3] Manchester and Frankfurt were restarted after being briefly terminated.[4]

In March 2019, the airline announced that it had made a profit of €1.2 million in the fiscal year of 2018. This profit is the first the airline has made in 18 years.[5]

On 1 April 2019, Air Malta celebrated 45 years since it commenced its first operations. Currently the airline is restructuring, and aims to increase its fleet to 14 aircraft.[6] The restructuring plans include the replacement of the current fleet with newer Airbus A320 Neo aircraft, as well as inaugural flights to Asia and North America with Airbus A321LR aircraft.[7][8]

During post-COVID period, Air Malta has been known to struggling financially. Air Malta was reportedly facing a loss of €30 Million, a year after recording profit for first time in 18 years. Redundancies are currently in the pipeline as Air Malta faces uncertainty and it plans to lay off a large chunk of its workforce. According to a Times of Malta article dated on 24 April 2020, ALPA, which is the union's airline pilot association refused outright an offer placed for its pilots to be set on a 1,200 Euros monthly pay due to COVID-19's impact on shutting down the international airport in Malta which happened on 3 May and bringing visitors levels to below 0.2% affecting Air Malta directly.[citation needed]

In August 2022, the Maltese government announced it would dissolve Air Malta should the European Union deny further financial state aid to the airline. It would then relocate its assets to a succeeding carrier.[9] Shortly after, the decision regarding the airline's future had been delayed to the end of 2022; however, the route network and frequencies saw extensive cuts by October 2022, including the termination of several destinations.[10]

On 18 April 2023, Chairman David Curmi announced that the European Union declined to give permission to the Maltese government to pump 290 million euros of state aid into the airline and they are now discussing the plan to create a new airline which will remain a legacy airline not a low-cost carrier and operated by a new company. All staff will be able to re-apply with the new airline. Air Malta is set to close by the end of 2023. [11]

Corporate affairs[edit]

The head office of the company is on Level 2 of the Skyparks Business Centre, located on the property of Malta International Airport in Luqa.[12] In the 1960s and 1970s the head office of predecessor Malta Airlines was in Sliema.[13][14]


Codeshare agreements[edit]

Air Malta codeshares with the following airlines:[15]


Air Malta Airbus A320-200
Air Malta Airbus A320neo

Current fleet[edit]

As of June 2023, Air Malta operates the following aircraft:[19][20]

Air Malta Fleet
Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
J Y Total
Airbus A320-200 2 12 150 162
Airbus A320neo 6 12 162 174
Total 8 0

Former fleet[edit]

Air Malta previously operated the following jet aircraft:

Incidents and accidents[edit]

Since its inception in 1973, Air Malta has had no fatal accidents.

  • On 31 October 1981, after a Boeing 737-200 landed in Cairo, Egypt, two bombs exploded, injuring four people. A third bomb that failed to detonate was found later.[28][29]
  • On 21 December 1988, an unaccompanied baggage from Air Malta Flight 180 out of Luqa Airport to Frankfurt Airport, where it had been loaded onto Pan Am Flight 103A, then the Pan Am Flight 103 in London. The bomb in the unaccompanied baggage then exploded on Pan Am flight over Lockerbie, Scotland, killing a total of 270 people.
  • On 9 June 1997, Air Malta Flight 830, a Boeing 737-200, was hijacked by two Turks on a flight from Malta to Istanbul, Turkey. They demanded the release of Mehmet Ali Ağca. The hijack ended in Cologne, Germany, with no casualties amongst the 74 passengers and six crew.[30][31]
  • On 31 December 2022, Air Malta Flight KM377, operating from Berlin, suffered a bird strike. This caused the aircraft to land back immediately after the incident.[32][33][34]


  1. ^ Watch: No strategic partner before Air Malta is restructured - Konrad Mizzi
  2. ^ Air Malta shareholding only after restructuring - Mangion
  3. ^ Air Malta connects Malta with North Africa again, new scheduled Services to Tunis start 26th of June
  4. ^ Air Malta announces Frankfurt flight schedule as from end October
  5. ^ "Air Malta registers profit, but 'not out of the woods yet'".
  6. ^ "Air Malta Outlines Five-Year Fleet Plan, Including A321XLR". Forbes.
  7. ^ "Air Malta eyes New York, Toronto, Mumbai services using extended-range Airbus A321".
  8. ^ "Updated: Air Malta turns €10.8m loss into €1.2m profit in year ending March 2018 - the Malta Independent".
  9. ^ (German) 19 August 2022
  10. ^ (German) 26 September 2022
  11. ^] (English) 18 April 2023
  12. ^ "Contact Us Archived 2 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine." Air Malta. Retrieved on 21 September 2014. "Head Office Air Malta plc Level 2, Skyparks Business Centre Malta International Airport Luqa, Malta. LQA 4000"
  13. ^ Flight International. 2 April 1964. 519 (Archive). "Head Office: Airways House, High Street, Sliema, Malta GC."
  14. ^ Flight International. 6 May 1971. p. 636 (Archive). "Head office: Airways House, 6-10 High Street, Sliema, Malta."
  15. ^ "Airmalta Partners". Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  16. ^ Liu, Jim (20 April 2018). "airmalta / airBaltic begins codeshare service in S18". Routesonline. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  17. ^ Liu, Jim (24 April 2019). "airBaltic / airmalta expands codeshare network from April 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  18. ^ Kaminski-Morrow, David. "New Italian carrier ITA to codeshare with Air Malta". Flight Global. Retrieved 28 October 2021.
  19. ^ "List of Registered Aircraft". Retrieved 30 October 2022.
  20. ^ "Air Malta Fleet Details and History". Retrieved 30 October 2022.
  21. ^ "Air Malta retires last A319".
  22. ^ a b c "World Airline Directory". Flight International. 29 March 1995. p. 50.
  23. ^ "Air Malta MD-90".
  24. ^ "World Airline Directory". Flight International. 22 April 1978. p. 1130.
  25. ^, photos of Air Malta Boeing 727-200 aircraft
  26. ^ "World Airline Directory". Flight International. 24 March 1999. p. 46.
  27. ^, photo of Air Malta Convair 880 aircraft
  28. ^ Bombing description at the Aviation Safety Network
  29. ^ "Air Malta flight almost ended on Lockerbie style".
  30. ^ "TVM News report regarding hijackings in Malta". Archived from the original on 11 December 2021.
  31. ^ "Air Malta Flight 830 Report". Archived from the original on 28 October 2017. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  32. ^ "Berlin bird strike causes Air Malta's New Year's Paris flight to be cancelled". Malta Independent. Retrieved 5 January 2023.
  33. ^ Meilak, Nicole. "Air Malta plane sustained 'significant damage' after bird strike, CEO says". Retrieved 5 January 2023.
  34. ^ "Air Malta cancels Paris flights after Berlin bird strike". Times of Malta. Retrieved 5 January 2023.

External links[edit]

Media related to Air Malta at Wikimedia Commons

Aircraft Type Current Future 2 Historic Avg. Age Total In Service Parked Total Airbus A310 2 2 Airbus A319 7 7 Airbus A320 8 8 15 5.5 Years 23 BAC 1-11 1 1 Boeing 737 28 28 British Aerospace BAe 146/Avro RJ 5 5 British Aerospace BAe ATP 1 1 McDonnell Douglas DC-9 1 1 McDonnell Douglas MD-90 1 1 Total 8 0 8 0 61 5.5 Years 69