Air Tractor AT-802
|Air Tractor AT-802|
|Role||Agricultural / Fire-fighting aircraft|
The Air Tractor AT-802 is an agricultural aircraft that may also be adapted into fire-fighting or armed versions. It first flew in the United States in October 1990 and is manufactured by Air Tractor Inc. The AT-802 carries a chemical hopper between the engine firewall and the cockpit and another one under the belly. In the U.S., it is considered a Type III SEAT, or Single Engine Air Tanker.
In its standard configuration, the aircraft utilizes conventional landing gear (two main wheels and a tail wheel). However, a number of aircraft have been converted to the Fire Boss aerial firefighting configuration, which utilizes Wipaire 10000 amphibious floats, so that it can land on a traditional runway or on water. The Fire Boss can scoop water from a lake or river for use on a fire. In addition to the 820 US gallons (3,100 L) standard fuselage-mounted retardant tank, the Fire Boss can have optional 35 US gallons (130 L) foam tanks in the floats. Operations with floats installed have been shown to produce a shorter and narrower retardant drop pattern than wheeled AT-802s.
In response to the United States Air Force's LAAR program and the growing requirement for light counter-insurgency aircraft, Air Tractor developed an armed model, the AT-802U, in 2008, with engine and cockpit armor, a bulletproof windscreen, self-sealing fuel tanks, and structural reinforcements for the carriage of 9,000 pounds (4,100 kg) of payload. A reinforced wing spar was certified for 12,000 hours of flight time, and the AT-802U was displayed in 2009 at the Paris Air Show.
The AT-802 has also been used in counter-drug operations in the USSOUTHCOM AOR by the U.S. Department of State as a delivery vehicle for herbicides and defoliants over narcotics production facilities.
The armed AT-802U, called the Archangel, has a two-man glass cockpit and seven hardpoints that can carry laser-guided bombs, a countermeasures dispensing system, anti-tank missiles, and an electro-optical sensor; a gun is not included, as it is optimized to operate between 16,000–25,000 ft (4,900–7,600 m). 24 Archangels are on order for the UAE Air Force, with six transferred to the Jordanian Air Force.
- AT-802 - two seat (tandem) cockpit
- AT-802A - single-seat cockpit
- AT-802U - two seat (tandem) heavily armored military version, modified with sensors and reinforced for weapons carriage
- AT-802F or AT-802AF - An aerial firefighting model 802 equipped with the Air Tractor Computerized Firegate designed, developed and serviced by Trotter Controls Inc.
- Fire Boss - A model 802 equipped with Wipaire amphibious floats and Air Tractor's Computerized Firegate system designed, developed and serviced by Trotter Controls Inc.
The aircraft is popular with aerial application operators.
Military and government
- Córdoba Province - Fire-fighting
- Croatian Air Force - 5 AT-802A Fire Boss + 1 AT-802F
- Protezione Civile - 10 AT-802A Fire Boss
- Protection and Rescue Directorate of the Republic of Macedonia - 3 AT-802A Fire Boss
Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 2003–2004
- Crew: Two
- Capacity: 820 US Gal (3,104 L) of chemicals
- Length: 35 ft 11 in (10.95 m)
- Wingspan: 59 ft 3 in (18.06 m)
- Height: 12 ft 9 in (3.89 m)
- Wing area: 401.0 ft2 (37.25 m2)
- Aspect ratio: 8.8:1
- Empty weight: 6,505 lb (2,951 kg)
- Gross weight: 16,000 lb (7,257 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney PT6A-67F turboprop, 1,350 hp (1,007 kW) each
- Cruise speed: 221 mph (356 km/h)
- Range: 800 miles (1,289 km)
- Service ceiling: 25,000 ft (7,620 m)
- Rate of climb: 850 ft/min (4.3 m/s)
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Related lists
- "Interagency Standards for Fire and Aviation Operations 2007, Chapter 17" (PDF). National Interagency Fire Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
- AT-802 Fire Boss Factsheet at http://www.airtractoreurope.com
- Wipaire Fire Boss Service Manual
- "Evaluation of Long Term Retardant Drop Patterns from Air Tractor 802 Amphibious Float and Wheel Equipped Aircraft", Forest Engineering Research Institute of Canada, February 2006
- Trimble, Stephen. "PARIS AIR SHOW: Cropduster-turned-gunship makes Le Bourget debut". flightglobal.com. 15 June 2009. retrieved 7 November 2010.
- Exciting Product Developments In 2009. airtractor (2010-02-10). Retrieved on 2010-11-04.
- PHOTOS: New gunship flies to Paris Air Show debut - The DEW Line. Flightglobal.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-04.
- Archangel makes show debut - Flightglobal.com, 7 November 2015
- Photos: Air Tractor AT-802U Air Truck Aircraft Pictures. Airliners.net (2009-06-18). Retrieved on 2010-11-04.
- www.Airtractor.com AT802A
- Hoyle Flight International 13–19 December 2011, p. 35.
- Hoyle Flight International 13–19 December 2011, p. 39.
- Egozi, Arie (2011-08-06). "Israel's new firefighting squadron". Flightglobal. Retrieved 2011-09-07.
- Keijsper 2008, pp. 43.
- "Flota de Aviones". Avialsa. Retrieved 2011-09-07.
- Trimble, Stephen (2011-01-25). "AirTractor delivers UAE's first AT-802Us". Flightglobal. Retrieved 2011-09-07.
- Jackson 2003, pp. 509–510.
- Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, 13–19 December 2011. pp. 26–52.
- Jackson, Paul. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 2003–2004. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Information Group, 2003. ISBN 0-7106-2537-5.
- Keijsper, Gerard. "Water-Bombers Required!" Air Forces Monthly, London: Key Publishing, July 2008 Issue.
- Simpson, R. W. (1995). Airlife's General Aviation. Shrewsbury: Airlife Publishing. pp. 31–32.
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