Air Tractor AT-802
|Air Tractor AT-802|
|Role||Agricultural / Fire-fighting aircraft|
|National origin||United States|
|Status||Active, in production|
The Air Tractor AT-802 is an agricultural aircraft that may also be adapted into fire-fighting or armed versions. It first flew in the United States in October 1990 and is manufactured by Air Tractor Inc. The AT-802 carries a chemical hopper between the engine firewall and the cockpit. In the U.S., it is considered a Type III SEAT, or Single Engine Air Tanker.
In its standard configuration, the aircraft utilizes conventional landing gear (two main wheels and a tail wheel). However, a number of aircraft have been converted to the Fire Boss aerial firefighting configuration, which utilizes Wipaire 10000 amphibious floats, so that it can land on a traditional runway or on water. The Fire Boss can scoop water from a lake or river for use on a fire. In addition to the 820 US gallons (3,100 L) standard fuselage-mounted retardant tank, the Fire Boss can have optional 35 US gallons (130 L) foam tanks in the floats. Operations with floats installed have been shown to produce a shorter and narrower retardant drop pattern than wheeled AT-802s.
In response to the United States Air Force's LAAR program and the growing requirement for light counter-insurgency aircraft, Air Tractor developed an armed model, the AT-802U, in 2008, with engine and cockpit armor, a bulletproof windscreen, self-sealing fuel tanks, and structural reinforcements for the carriage of 9,000 pounds (4,100 kg) of payload. A reinforced wing spar was certified for 12,000 hours of flight time, and the AT-802U was displayed in 2009 at the Paris Air Show.
The AT-802 has also been used in counter-drug operations in the USSOUTHCOM AOR by the U.S. Department of State as a delivery vehicle for herbicides and defoliants over narcotics production facilities.
Ten AT-802i were converted by IOMAX USA into an armed configuration with Roketsan Cirit 2.75" rockets and guided bombs  for the UAE Air Force. The UAE operated them until November 2015 when they were replaced by the first three of 24 Archangels on order from Iomax. The Archangel is based on a similar cropduster airframe, that of the Thrush Model 660, however to create the Archangel the basic Model 660 undergoes a much more extensive rebuild in the course of its militarization. Six of the UAE AT-802i were transferred to the Jordanian Air Force. with a further three being transferred to the Yemeni Government Forces where they have been used in the 2015 Yemeni Civil War. Reports place Emirati aircraft in Libya flown by contract pilots.
In January 2017, the US State Department approved a deal for twelve AT-802 aircraft for the Kenya Defence Forces, although as of June 2017 a contract for the proposed sale had not been signed.
- AT-802 - two seat (tandem) cockpit
- AT-802A - single-seat cockpit
- AT-802U - two seat (tandem) armored military version, modified with sensors and reinforced for weapons carriage
- AT-802F or AT-802AF - An aerial firefighting model 802 equipped with the Air Tractor Computerized Firegate designed/developed/serviced by Trotter Controls Inc.
- Fire Boss - AT-802F equipped with Wipaire amphibious floats for operations from land or water
- AT-802L Longsword - An ISR and light-attack aircraft based on AT-802U, which developed by L3 Platform Integration collaboration with Air Tractor. L3 rebranded it as OA-8 Longsword for Asia-Pacific region.
The aircraft is popular with aerial application operators.
Military and government
- Córdoba Province - Fire-fighting
- Forest Protection Limited (FPL)
- Air Spray
- Buffalo Airways
- Conair Group
- Government of Northwest Territories
- National Police of Colombia - 9 AT-802 
- National System of Disaster and Risk Management - 2 AT-802 
- Egyptian Air Force - 12 AT-802U (acquired from the UAE in 2016, first spotted in service in January 2018)
- Israeli Air Force - 14 AT-802F, purchased second-hand from Spain (of which 2 formerly were Fire Boss, but exchanged for standard configuration aircraft) 1 crashed due to mechanical malfunction.
- Protezione Civile - 10 AT-802A Fire Boss
- Royal Jordanian Air Force - 6 IOMAX AT-802i Block 1 being upgraded to armed Block 2 standard, of which 1 upgraded aircraft delivered as of January 2018 and 4 AT-802s supplied by L-3 Corporation and originally intended for Yemen.
- Police of Montenegro - 1 AT-802 + 3 AT-802A
- Protection and Rescue Directorate of Macedonia - 3 AT-802A Fire Boss
- PT Pertamina
- Minnesota Department of Natural Resources contractor out 2 AT-802F from Aero Spray of Appleton, Minnesota
- Kenya Defence Forces — Received US authorization to purchase 12 AT-802Ls in 2017, however missed two deadlines to enter into agreement as of February 2018.
Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 2003–2004
- Crew: Two
- Capacity: 820 US gal (683 imp gal; 3,104 L)
- Length: 35 ft 11 in (10.95 m)
- Wingspan: 59 ft 3 in (18.06 m)
- Height: 12 ft 9 in (3.89 m)
- Wing area: 401.0 sq ft (37.25 m2)
- Aspect ratio: 8.8:1
- Airfoil: NACA 4415
- Empty weight: 6,505 lb (2,951 kg)
- Max takeoff weight: 16,000 lb (7,257 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney PT6A-67AG turboprop, 1,350 shp (1,010 kW)
- Cruise speed: 221 mph (356 km/h, 192 kn) at 8,000 ft (2,440 m)
- Stall speed: 91 mph (146 km/h, 79 kn) (power off, flaps down)
- Range: 800 mi (1,300 km, 700 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 13,000 ft (4,000 m)
- Rate of climb: 850 ft/min (4.3 m/s)
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- "NCFS takes delivery of AT-802F". AT-802F Fireboss. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
- "US government concealing details of sale of Air Tractor bombers to Kenya". AT-802U. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
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- AT-802 Fire Boss Factsheet Archived 2011-09-09 at the Wayback Machine at http://www.airtractoreurope.com
- Wipaire Fire Boss Service Manual Archived 2008-07-25 at the Wayback Machine
- "Evaluation of Long Term Retardant Drop Patterns from Air Tractor 802 Amphibious Float and Wheel Equipped Aircraft", Forest Engineering Research Institute of Canada, February 2006
- Trimble, Stephen. "PARIS AIR SHOW: Cropduster-turned-gunship makes Le Bourget debut". flightglobal.com. 15 June 2009. retrieved 7 November 2010.
- Exciting Product Developments In 2009 Archived 2010-06-16 at the Wayback Machine. airtractor (2010-02-10). Retrieved on 2010-11-04.
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- Trotter Controls Inc
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- "Israel Firefighting Squadron Acquires More Air Tractor AT-802F Firebombers". Air Tractor News. 2015-08-06. Archived from the original on 2016-12-02. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
- טייסת הכיבוי קורקעה בעקבות התרסקות מטוס
- Ayton Air International February 2017, p. 33.
- Jennings, Gareth (25 January 2018). "Jordan receives first upgraded AT-802 turboprop, five more to follow". IHS Jane's 360. London. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
- "Jordanian Border Patrol Aircraft in Malta". Air International. Vol. 94 no. 2. February 2018. p. 14. ISSN 0306-5634.
- Bożinowski, Igor. Bałkańskie AT-802 gotowe do sezonu, "Skrzydlata Polska" nr 8/2019, p. 47 (in Polish)
- "Fogos. Portugal precisa de adquirir quatro aviões Canadair". www.dn.pt (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2019-09-16.
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- "Flota de Aviones". Avialsa. Archived from the original on 2011-09-04. Retrieved 2011-09-07.
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- Niak ke Sayap Pesawat Pengangkut BBM, Jokowi Hampir Jatuh
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- Simpson, R. W. (1995). Airlife's General Aviation. Shrewsbury: Airlife Publishing. pp. 31–32.
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