Air pirates (or sky pirates) are a class of stock character from science fiction and fantasy. Such characters typically operate as pirates in the air, or, in general, the atmosphere of a planet, dwarf planet or moon, and travel by aircraft, as opposed to the more traditional pirates on the high seas, who travel by ship. However, just as traditional seafaring pirates target sailing ships, air pirates serve a similar role in science fiction and fantasy media: they capture and plunder aircraft and other targets for cargo, loot and occasionally steal an entire aircraft, sometimes killing the crew members in the process.
Their dress and speech may vary; it may correspond to the particular author's vision of the story's setting, rather than their seafaring counterparts, or they may be modeled after stereotypical sea pirates. Some air pirates are depicted using airborne aircraft carriers as mobile bases from which to conduct raids.
Air pirates made early appearances in novels of the late 19th century, as well as silent films, comics and pulp magazines, and have since appeared in a variety of media, including alternate history, steampunk, and dieselpunk works.
In popular culture
|Names||Work||Years||Type of Media||Description|
|Abney Park||Airship Pirates Chronicles||2011||Role-playing game||This game, based on the backstory of the band, Abney Park, is set in the post-apocalyptic world after their album, The End Of Days, a future world with a severely disrupted timeline, with the game featuring steampunk themes and Victorian-era style. Airship Pirates places players as air pirates in command of their own steam-powered airships, who seek not only to pillage the skies, but to plunder history, possibly causing even greater disruption to the past. Meanwhile, the world below struggles in Victorian-style squalor under an oppressive government that maintains control through clockwork policemen. In December 2011, the RPG game won Diehard GameFAN's "Best Core Rulebook of 2011" award.|
|Barney Baxter||Barney Baxter in the Air||1935-1950||Comic strip||Barney Baxter was an "adventure strip" involving heroic exploits centering on aviation. Baxter was often accompanied by his sidekick Gopher Gus, who (unlike the rest of the characters) was drawn with the exaggerated facial features of a "humour strip" character. Other characters were Barney's mother, his rival love interests, Patricia and Maura, and his buddy Hap Walters. |
|Blackbeard||Pan||2015||Film||Blackbeard leads a group of pirates in this 2015 fantasy film who use flying sailing ships.|
|Black Cat Gang||Tail Concerto||1998-1999||Video game||The Black Cat Gang in this video game are sky pirates, while many other sky pirate factions appear in its sequel Solatorobo: Red the Hunter in 2011.|
|Kasey Boon||Mysticons||2017-2018||Animated TV series||Younger brother of Kitty, who Emerald Goldenbraid, one of the story's protagonists, developed a crush on. He gave her a bracelet which was revealed to be a tracking device to follow the Mysticons. He later appears to have second thoughts about taking advantage of Em's feelings for him, and catches her, after which the two have a serious romance. In the comics, he debuts in Volume 2.|
|Kitty Boon||Mysticons||2017-2018||Animated TV series||Captain of the Pink Skulls, female pirate, and Zarya's childhood friend. She takes advantage of this relationship to incapacitate the Mysticons and obtain the Dragon Disk, which she sells to Dreadbane. She later fights alongside the Mysticons, and on a third occasion gives Zarya inspiration to thwart Necrafa's plans. She is later revealed to be Zarya's romantic love interest as confirmed by the show's creator, Sean Jara, and supported by show director Matt Ferguson. In the comic books, she debuts in Volume 2.|
|Captain Andian Cly||Boneshaker||2009||Novel||This 2009 novel by Cherie Priest features air pirates like captain Cly, who commands a ship called the "Naamah Darling" and he later appears in novels like Ganymede, where he loves a woman in the Seattle Underground.|
|Dola||Castle in the Sky||1986||Anime film||Dola, a "bold, plump old lady named Dola, leads a gang of air pirates in this 1986 Japanese anime film, as they try to steal the crystal necklace of Sheeta.|
|Captain Gyrfalcon||Exalted||2001||Role playing game||Gyrfalcon appeared in this high fantasy role playing game.|
Other "social revolutionaries"
|The Raid of the Mercury||1931||Short story||James committed an act of air piracy, with fellow "social revolutionaries," in this short story by A. H. Johnson.|
|Don Karnage||TaleSpin||1990-1991||Animated series||Karnage leads gang of air pirates in this Disney animated series and later in Ducktales. According to series creator Jymn Magon, he is a wolf, but has orangish-brown fur reminiscent of a fox.|
|Alexandre LeRoi||Batman: Master of the Future||1991||Graphic novel||LeRoi is a sky pirate who is flamboyant and demands that he be proclaimed master of the city, or else he will burn it to the ground. He leaps out the window before he can be arrested, and Tolliver insists that the fair proceed.|
|Miles Lydecker||Black Condor Vol 1 #2||1992||Comics||Lyndecker is another DC Comics air pirate who fought against Black Condor in the 1992 comic Black Condor Vol 1 #2.|
|Mama Aiuto Gang||Porco Rosso||1992||Anime film||Mama Aiuto Gang, among the air pirates in this anime film, who also appeared in the 1989 manga Hikōtei Jidai on which the film was based.|
|Captain Mors||The Air Pirate and His Steerable Airship||1908-1911||Pulp Magazine||The German pulp magazine The Air Pirate and His Steerable Airship from 1908 to 1911, followed the adventures of Captain Mors, the "Air pirate".|
|Nadakhan||Ninjago: Masters of Spinjitzu||2016||Animated TV series||Nadakhan and his band of sky pirates are the main antagonists of the sixth season of this series, titled Skybound.|
his Sky Pirates
|Sonic the Comic||1993-2002||Comic||Plunder and fellow sky pirates appear in this comic.|
|Captain Phoenix||Jak and Daxter: The Lost Frontier||2009||Video game||Phoenix leads a gang of space pirates, like Danger Sexy Pirate, in massive ships who battle the protagonists while having a flying airbase known as Phoenix.|
|Robur||Robur the Conqueror||1886
|Novel||He is an inventor who kidnaps people and takes them aboard his advanced aircraft in the 1886 novel Robur the Conqueror and its 1904 sequel Master of the World (both written by Jules Verne), as well as in the 1961 film adaptation based on elements of both novels.|
|Captain Shakespeare||Stardust||2007||Film||Shakespeare leads aerial pirates in this fantasy film, commanding a ship called the Caspartine.|
|Silvana crew||Last Exile||2003||Anime series||The crew of the airship Silvana in the anime series Last Exile are sky pirates, while sky pirates appear in the sequel series Last Exile: Fam the Silver Wing.|
|Baroness Troixmonde / Filibus||Filibus||1915||Silent film||The film's protagonist has a secret identity and is known to the world as Filibus and has an airship. Some called the film "an odd and funny forerunner of science-fiction movies," with Filibus described as a lesbian character, and an "elegant and elusive woman pirate" who can pass between male and female identities, making her "a champion of transgenderism before that term had been coined."|
|Unnamed||The Sky Police||1910||Short story||This short story by John A. Heffernan features an air pirate.|
|Unnamed||Pirates of 1920||1911||Silent film||Air pirates appeared in the 1911 silent film Pirates of 1920.|
|Unnamed||The Pirates of the Sky: A Tale of Modern Adventure||1915||Novel||Sky pirates appear in Stephen Gaillard's 1915 novel, The Pirates of the Sky: A Tale of Modern Adventure.|
|Unnamed||Sky Pirates of Callisto||1973||Novels||There are sky pirates in the Callisto series of novels.|
|Unnamed||The Last of the Sky Pirates||2002||Books||Several characters in Edge Chronicles books are sky pirates. The book has been commended for the way it portrays librarians. It has been reviewed by Horn Book, and School Library Journal.|
|Unnamed||Crimson Skies||2000-2003||Game franchise||The series is set within an alternate history of the 1930s invented by Weisman and McCoy. Within this divergent timeline, the United States has collapsed, and air travel has become the most popular mode of transportation in North America; as a result, air pirates thrive in the world of Crimson Skies. In describing the concept of Crimson Skies, Jordan Weisman stated he wanted to "take the idea of 16th century Caribbean piracy and translate into a 1930s American setting".|
|Unnamed||Pirate101||2012||Video game||Players can complete quests, sail ships, befriend companions, and battle enemies in a turn-based combat system similar to that used in board games.|
|Unnamed||Mandrake the Magician||1934-2013||Comic strip||Mandrake, along with the Phantom Magician in Mel Graff's The Adventures of Patsy, is regarded by comics historians as the first superhero of comics, such as comics historian Don Markstein, who writes, "Some people say Mandrake the Magician, who started in 1934, was comics' first superhero." A story arc in the Mandrake the Magician comic strip involved a pirate airplane that would latch on to the outside of a passenger jet and then threaten to punch holes through the fuselage (with remote-controlled hammers) if the victims didn't follow orders and land at an airstrip where the pirates could loot their prey.|
|Unnamed||The Magnificent Kotobuki||2019||Anime series||The anime's protagonists run escorts to fend off attacks from air pirates.|
|Final Fantasy||1987-Present||Media franchise||The sky pirates of the Final Fantasy media franchise include Vaan and Balthier. For Balthier, he eventually decided to cut his ties with his father and his role as a judge, becoming a sky pirate under a new name, abandoning his old name. For Vaan, he ends the game, Final Fantasy XII, as a sky pirate, traveling the world along with Penelo. He also reprises his role from Final Fantasy XII in the manga adaptation by Gin Amou.|
|Skies of Arcadia||2000-2003||Video game||In this video game, Vyse is a young and dashing sky pirate who is part of the Blue Rogues clan and soon become entangled in a race to find the Moon Stones that control these powerful Gigas. Other sky pirates include Gilder and Enrique.|
In real-life use, the phrase "air piracy" more often refers to the hijacking and illegal seizure of an aircraft. However, there has been at least one occasion of an act of nautical-type piracy being conducted from the air. This occurred in 1917, when the civilian Norwegian schooner Royal was boarded and captured by a boarding party from the German Zeppelin L23.
An interceptor aircraft may threaten an airliner, forcing it to land, including cases like Ryanair Flight 4978 where the flight of the airliner was legal and approved.
- Pilot in command – Crew position responsible for command of an aircraft and ultimately responsible for all operations of the aircraft
- First officer (aviation)
- Outlaw (stock character) – Stock character in several fictional settings
- Space pirate – Science fiction character trope of space, rather than seafaring pirate
- List of space pirates – Science fiction character trope of space, rather than seafaring pirate
- Mullen, Micheal (October 20, 1999). "Crimson Skies Creator Speaks Out". GameSpot. Retrieved July 9, 2015.
Lastly (and most importantly), are the air pirates in their zeppelin-based aircraft carriers that hunt the airborne prey and the rich cargoes they carry.
- Herold, Charles (March 1, 2001). "Game Theory; Fly in a Retro World Under Crimson Skies". The New York Times. Retrieved July 9, 2015.
Set in 1937, Crimson Skies concerns itself with a dashing air pirate, Nathan Zachary […] Traveling the globe in an airship, the Pandora, Zachary and his crew make their living plundering cargo zeppelins. As Zachary, you begin each mission by leading a squadron of fighter pilots out of the zeppelin toward your target.
- "The TaleSpin Sourcepage – The Iron Vulture". talespinsourcepage.i8.com. Archived from the original on March 2, 2009. Retrieved July 9, 2015.
- Kasavin, Greg (September 19, 2000). "Crimson Skies Impressions". GameSpot. Retrieved July 9, 2015.
- Tringham, Neal Roger (2014). Science Fiction Video Games. CRC Press. p. 445. ISBN 978-1-4822-0388-2 – via Google Books.
- "Valves and Cogs! 15 Most Popular Steampunk Pirate Novels". OCLC. Retrieved July 9, 2015.
- "Airborn by Kenneth Oppel". Steampunk.com. December 16, 2010. Archived from the original on July 10, 2015. Retrieved July 9, 2015.
- "'Abney Park's Airship Pirates' RPG". ICv2. April 18, 2011. Retrieved July 9, 2015.
- O'Connor, Alice (April 12, 2012). "Jordan Weisman hopes to resurrect Crimson Skies". Shacknews. Retrieved July 9, 2015.
- Yin-Poole, Wesley (April 13, 2012). "Shadowrun creator wants to resurrect Crimson Skies". Eurogamer. Retrieved July 9, 2015.
- "'Abney Park's Airship Pirates' RPG". ICv2. 2011-04-18.
- "Diehard GameFAN's 2011 Tabletop Gaming Awards". Diehard GameFAN. 2011-12-26.
In a year in which nostalgia was the dominant theme, Airship Pirates was a breath of fresh helium. From the novel approach to party composition and character creation to the beautiful binding, Abney Park’s Airship Pirates was not just a great book, it was the start of a great adventure.
- Maurice Horn,Women in the Comics. New York :Chelsea House Publishers, 1977. ISBN 087754056X (p.117)
- Ron Goulart, The Encyclopedia of American Comics. New York : Facts on File, 1990. ISBN 9780816018529 (pp. 19-20)
- Andrew Barker (September 19, 2015). "Film Review: 'Pan'". Variety. Retrieved September 20, 2015.
- CyberConnect2 (November 3, 2013). Tail Concerto. Atlus.
- Pearce, Steven (July 27, 2020). "Mysticons". The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Archived from the original on September 22, 2020. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
- Hysen, Dylan (October 23, 2017). "Kiss Between Two Female Characters in "Mysticons" Might be Cut". Overly Animated. Archived from the original on January 28, 2020. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
- ""MoonBoon" confirmed by Mysticons creator Sean Jara in August 2018". Twitter. May 8, 2020. Archived from the original on July 29, 2020. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
- Mourad, Beatriz (September 26, 2018). "Sean Jara & Matt Ferguson Interview – Mysticons". Overly Animated. Archived from the original on January 22, 2020. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
- Fitz (October 27, 2011). "Book Review: Ganymede (Clockwork Century) by Cherie Priest". Seattlepi.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2017. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- Robinson, Tasha (May 25, 2020). "Studio Ghibli's first film, Castle in the Sky, is like no Hayao Miyazaki film that followed". Polygon. Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- Chambers, John; Glass, Brian (2009). "Heroes of Hell". The Art of Exalted Second Edition (PDF) (Media notes). Stone Mountain, Georgia: White Wold Publishing. p. 89. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
The Scourge Caste Captain Gyrfalcon is a swashbuckling sky pirate preying on Northern air boats and settlements.
- Bleiler, Everett; Bleiler, Richard (1998). Science-Fiction: The Gernsback Years: A Complete Coverage of the Genre Magazines Amazing, Astounding, Wonder, and Others from 1926 Through 1936. Kent State University Press. p. 194. ISBN 0-87338-604-3 – via Google Books.
- Franich, Darren (July 14, 2018). "DuckTales exclusive: First look at the return of an iconic TaleSpin character". EW. Archived from the original on August 10, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- "Jymn Magon - "Ask the Creators" - TaleSpin Source". Animationsource.org. 2009-07-27. Retrieved 2014-06-26.
- Mitchell, Nigel (October 12, 2016). "AVAST! It's The 15 Best Pirates in Comics". CBR. Archived from the original on August 24, 2017. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- Kooiman, Mike; Amash, Jim (2011). "Black Condor". The Quality Companion: Celebrating the forgotten publisher of Plastic Man and the Freedom Fighters. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 95. ISBN 978-1605490373.
- Han, Karen (May 29, 2020). "Studio Ghibli's Porco Rosso is a fairy tale without a fairy-tale ending". Polygon. Archived from the original on October 22, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- James E. Gunn (1988). The New encyclopedia of science fiction. p. 196. ISBN 0-670-81041-X.
- Brian M. Stableford (2004). Historical Dictionary of Science Fiction Literature. p. 134. ISBN 0-8108-4938-0.
- Werner G Schmidtke (1980). Das phantastische Abenteuer in 70 Jahren deutscher Heftgeschichte: Ein Serienbericht von damals bis heute (in German). OCLC 74562428.
- "Lego Ninjago: Masters of Spinjitzu Season 6: Skybound". Rotten Tomatoes. 2016. Retrieved March 30, 2021.
- "STC #276". Sonic the Comic website. 2018. Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved November 22, 2020.
Cursed by an ancient deity, Captain Plunder managed to find a literal lucky rabbit in the form of Cream, the newest member of his Sky Pirates. However, it seems Cream’s good luck charm may be a bit like putting a sticking plaster on a broken arm…
- Hart, Arend (November 24, 2009). "Jak and Daxter Overview". Game Chronicles. Archived from the original on October 19, 2015. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- "Jak & Daxter: The Lost Frontier". ESRB. 2020. Archived from the original on November 24, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
The dialogue occasionally ventures into suggestive innuendo with comments like "She's being entertained by the captain . . . if you know what I mean" and "Ahh, not much for small talk are you"—a line delivered by a woman named Danger Sexy Pirate.
- Nelson, Randy (August 19, 2009). "See Jak and Daxter: The Lost Frontier's high drama, hijinks". Engadget. Archived from the original on November 23, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- Miller, Greg (November 6, 2009). "Jak and Daxter: The Lost Frontier Review". IGN. Archived from the original on May 18, 2019. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- Fahey, Mike (April 2, 2009). "Jak And Daxter Discover The Lost Frontier". Kotaku. Archived from the original on November 24, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- "Jak and Daxter: The Lost Frontier™". PlayStation. 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
Keira is frustrated by her father's protectiveness...When she is kidnapped by Captain Phoenix along with the Eco Seeker, it triggers an adventure that takes our trio to the very edge of their world.
- Casella, Alyssa (November 3, 2009). "Dynamic Duo Jak and Daxter Make A Triumphant Return in All-New Action Adventure Jak and Daxter: The Lost Frontier™ for the PSP® (PlayStation®Portable) and the PlayStation®2" (Press release). Foster City, California: Sony Computer Entertainment America Inc. Archived from the original on November 23, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- Farrell, John (May 5, 2020). "The legacy of Verne continues—Nemo Rising: Robur the Conqueror review". Gaming Trend. Archived from the original on October 9, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- Evans, Bruce. "Wesleyan UP's "Early Classics of Science Fiction"". Bruce Evans academic website. Archived from the original on November 23, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- Ebert, Roger (August 9, 2007). "Dust 'til dawn". Official Roger Ebert website. Archived from the original on September 24, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
It is not a good sign that almost the most entertaining element of "Stardust" is Captain Shakespeare appearing from the skies in his dirigible pirate ship. Shakespeare, played by Robert De Niro as a transvestite swashbuckler (swishbuckler?) is wonderful, but he should be forced to wear a badge saying, "Hi! I'm the deus ex machina!"
- Browne, Nicoletta Christina. "Last Exile [Review]". THEM Anime Reviews. Archived from the original on September 21, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- Il Cinema Ritrovato 1997 (PDF), Cineteca di Bologna, 1997, pp. 4, 6, retrieved 16 November 2016
- "Filibus", frauenfilmfestival.eu, Dortmund Cologne International Women's Film Festival, 2013, retrieved 16 November 2016
- XVII Festival nitratnog filma (PDF) (in Serbian), Yugoslav Film Archive, 2015, p. 21, retrieved 19 November 2016
- Rieffel, Claude (3 February 2014), "Filibus - La critique", avoir-alire.com (in French), retrieved 7 December 2016
- Smith, Imogen Sara (10 July 2017), "Festivals: The San Francisco Silent Film Festival", Film Comment, retrieved 29 August 2017
- Bleiler, Everett; Bleiler, Richard (1990). Science-fiction, the Early Years: A Full Description of More Than 3,000 Science-fiction Stories from Earliest Times to the Appearance of the Genre Magazines in 1930: with Author, Title, and Motif Indexes (Page 357). Kent State University Press. p. 357. ISBN 0-87338-416-4 – via Google Books.
- Lawson, Mark (December 5, 2014). "Beware air pirates, be nice to Martians: lessons from the dawn of British sci-fi". New Statesman. Retrieved July 9, 2015.
- Paris, Michael (1992). Winged Warfare: The Literature and Theory of Aerial Warfare in Britain, 1859-1917. Manchester University Press. p. 57. ISBN 0-7190-3694-1 – via Google Books.
- Gaillard, Stephen (1915). The Pirates of the Sky: A Tale of Modern Adventure. Chicago: Rand McNally & Company – via Internet Archive.
the pirates of the sky a tale of modern adventure.
- Bleiler, Everett; Bleiler, Richard (1990). Science-fiction, the Early Years: A Full Description of More Than 3,000 Science-fiction Stories from Earliest Times to the Appearance of the Genre Magazines in 1930: with Author, Title, and Motif Indexes (Pages 271-272). Kent State University Press. pp. 271–272. ISBN 0-87338-416-4 – via Google Books.
- Valdron, Den. "Lin Carter's Callisto Series (Part 1 of a series of 12)" in ERBzine 1731.
- Maynard, Sally; McKenna, Fiona (September 1, 2005). "Mother Goose, Spud Murphy and the Librarian Knights: Representations of librarians and their libraries in modern children's fiction". Journal of Librarianship and Information Science. 37 (3): 119–129. doi:10.1177/0961000605057475. S2CID 206596108.
- The Last of the Sky Pirates. kcls.bibliocommons. Retrieved November 26, 2018. ISBN 9780385750783, 9780385750790.
- Butts, Stephen (2000). "Crimson Skies Preview". IGN. Archived from the original on April 17, 2002. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
- Fuller, Garret (2012-04-25). "Pirate101 Combat Preview". MMORPG. Retrieved 2014-10-30.
- "Dear Yahoo!: Who was the first superhero?". Yahoo! Answers. Archived from the original on 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
- "Don Markstein's Toonopedia: The Adventures of Patsy". Toonopedia. 1935-03-11. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
- "First superhero ever in the world. Mandrake the Magician Lee Falk Popeye the Sailor Man Superman". Thelongestlistofthelongeststuffatthelongestdomainnameatlonglast.com. 1936-02-17. Archived from the original on 2016-04-06. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
- Martin, Theron (May 24, 2019). "The Magnificent KOTOBUKI Episodes 1-12 streaming [Review]". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on November 7, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- Square Enix (October 31, 2006). Final Fantasy XII (PlayStation 2).
Balthier: I left the Judges ... and him. Cidolfus Demen Bunansa. Draklor Laboratory's very own Doctor Cid. That's when he lost his heart to Nethicite, lost himself. And I suppose that's when I lost my father.
- Amou, Gin (2006). Final Fantasy XII 1. Square Enix. ISBN 978-4-7575-1830-8.
- "Skies of Arcadia". IGN. 2000-11-14. Archived from the original on 2012-02-18. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- Brad Shoemaker (2000-10-17). "Skies of Arcadia". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2012-10-11. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- "Skies of Arcadia Legends Preview". GameSpot. 2003-01-30. Archived from the original on 2017-05-19. Retrieved 2017-08-14.
- Parish, Jeremy (6 October 2015). "Hey Sega, Why the Hell is There No Skies of Arcadia Sequel?". Archived from the original on 2016-10-25.
- Robert Greene. "Hardcore Gaming 101: Skies of Arcadia / Eternal Arcadia — Dreamcast / GameCube (2000)". Hardcore Gaming 101. Archived from the original on August 14, 2017. Retrieved 2020-10-22.
- Robinson, Douglas Hill (1962). The Zeppelin in Combat: A History of the German Naval Airship Division, 1912-1918. London: G.T. Foulis. pp. 220–21. OCLC 1302222.