Air rage is the general term for disruptive or violent behavior perpetrated by passengers and crew of aircraft, typically during flight. Travel security expert Dr. Andrew Thomas of the University of Akron defines air rage as "aberrant, abnormal, or violent behavior exhibited during the air travel process".
Air rage generally covers both behavior of a passenger, that is likely caused by physiological or psychological stresses associated with air travel, or when a passenger becomes unruly, angry, or violent on an aircraft during a flight. Excessive consumption of alcohol by the passengers is often a cause.
Unlike ground vehicles, airplanes operate at altitudes where changes in air pressure can trigger temporary psychological changes, such as enhancing the psychoactive effects of chemicals like alcohol, which is typically served on board.
Furthermore, stopping and ejecting the offender is often not a practical option, as landing would inconvenience the flight schedule of the aircraft and the other passengers more than the misbehaving person themselves. However, unlike large ships, there is insufficient room on board to hold the offender in an isolated area until arrival. Therefore, diversions or unscheduled stops do occur because of air rage.
An airline passenger's uncontrolled anger is usually expressed in aggressive or violent behavior in the passenger compartment, but air rage can have serious implications, especially if the offender decides to interfere with the aircraft's navigation or flight controls.
The first case of air rage was recorded in 1947 on a flight from Havana to Miami, when a drunk man assaulted another passenger and bit a flight attendant. Another early documented case involved a flight in Alaska in 1950.
At the time, applicable jurisdiction was unclear, so offenders often escaped punishment. It wasn't until the 1963 Tokyo Convention that laws of the country where the aircraft is registered were agreed to take precedence.
Air rage events have increased markedly since the September 11 attacks. No definite explanation for that trend has been established; possible explanations include heightened anguish for one's safety, increased irritation with invasive security, or other unremarkable causations.
|This section requires expansion. (May 2014)|
Air rage generally covers both behavior of a passenger or passengers on the aircraft or more generally speaking at the airport:
- Undue anger.
- Gratuitous violence.
- Threatening flight safety.
- Failure to follow safety regulations.
- Behaving in a way that gives suspicion of a threat to flight safety.
- Claiming to have a bomb on the flight or falsely saying they are a terrorist with malignant intent.
- Temper tantrums.
- Disruptive behaviour.
- Threatening crew members and other passengers.
Other related behavior that may interfere with the comfort of cabin crew or passengers include smoking on board the flight, viewing pornographic materials, performing sex acts ("mile high" club) in the aircraft cabin, making undue sexual advances towards other people, performing sex acts in the lavatory, the inappropriate groping and touching of crew members, loud or drunken behaviors, spitting, swearing, and wearing clothing that is inappropriate or offensive.
- Bike rage
- Computer rage
- Unruly aircraft passenger
- JetBlue flight attendant incident
- Rage (emotion)
- Road rage
- Roid rage
- Trolley rage
- Wrap rage
- Thomas, Andrew R. (2001). Air Rage: Crisis in the Skies. Amherst, NY: Prometheus.
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- What is air rage? definition and meaning
- Definition of air rage noun from Cambridge Dictionary Online: Free English Dictionary and Thesaurus
- air rage definition | English Dictionary & Thesaurus | Reverso
- jp.dk – Arkiv
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- Air rage - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary
- Hunter, Joyce A (2009). Anger in the Air: Combating the Air Rage Phenomenon. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
- Rolfe, Peter (2000). "Air Rage: Disruptive Passengers. The Causes and Cures" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-07-05.
- "Air rage attacks soar due to in-flight binge drinking and rows over smoking". Daily Mail. 2008-12-05. Retrieved 2013-07-04.
- Grinberg, Emanuella (2012-06-01). "Air rage: Passengers Quicker to Snap". CNN. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
- Definition of air rage , meaning of air rage
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- air rage - definition of air rage by Macmillan Dictionary
- Søg artikler fra Jyllands-Posten tilbage til 1996 ? jp.dk
- Ten ways to get kicked off a plane -Times Online
- Ten ways to get kicked off a plane