Air base

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Part of Spangdahlem Air Base in 1990

A military air base (sometimes referred to as a military airfield, military airport, air force station, air force base or short air base) is an aerodrome (military base) used by a military force for the operation of military aircraft.

Air base facilities[edit]

An air base typically has some facilities similar to a civilian airport—for example air traffic control and firefighting. Some military aerodromes have passenger facilities; for example RAF Brize Norton in England has a terminal used by passengers for the Royal Air Force's flights by TriStar to the Falkland Islands. A number of military air bases also have a civil enclave for commercial passenger flights, e.g. Beijing Nanyuan Airport (China), Chandigarh International Airport (India), Ibaraki Airport (Japan), Burlington International Airport (USA).

Some air bases have revetments, hardened aircraft shelters, or even underground hangars, to protect aircraft from enemy attack. Combat aircraft require storage of aircraft ordnance. An air base may be defended by anti-aircraft weapons and force protection troops.

Road air base[edit]

Road air bases are highways constructed to double as auxiliary air bases in the event of war. Nations known to utilize this strategy are India,[1] Sweden,[2] Finland, Germany, Singapore, Switzerland,[3] South Korea, Turkey, Poland and Pakistan. In the case of Finnish road air bases, the space needed for landing aircraft is reduced by means of an arrestor wire, similar to that used on some aircraft carriers (Finnish Air Force uses F-18s, that can land on aircraft carriers).[4]

Aircraft carrier[edit]

An aircraft carrier is a type of naval ship which serves as a seaborne air base, the development of which has greatly enhanced the capabilities of modern air forces. They are now a key part of the military, allowing for military aircraft to be staged much nearer the theatre of conflict. Aircraft carriers were vital to the United States during World War II and to the United Kingdom in the 1982 Falklands War. They retain modern roles as well as "several acres of sovereign territory a nation can move about at will," which allows greater flexibility in diplomacy as well as military affairs. Aircraft carriers are also used in disaster relief.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mirage 2000 Fighter Jet Test-Lands on Yamuna Expressway Near Delhi as Part of Trials". ndtv.com. Archived from the original on 5 June 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  2. ^ [1] Archived February 2, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Swiss Air Force, Uno Zero Zero – Ein Jahrhundert Schweizer Luftwaffe Archived 2016-08-15 at the Wayback Machine., Aeropublications, 2013, 324 pages (ISBN 978-3-9524239-0-5).
  4. ^ "Puolustusvoimat – Försvarsmakten – The Finnish Defence Forces". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on June 25, 2009. Retrieved 2015-11-26.