Airborne aircraft carrier
The only examples to have been built were airships, although airborne aircraft carriers of various types appear in fiction.
The British Imperial Airship Scheme of 1924 initially envisaged an airship that could carry five fighter aircraft in military use, but this requirement was abandoned and the project saw only the civilian R100 and R101 airships to completion.
USS Akron and Macon
Following experiments with launching and recovering small aeroplanes using USS Los Angeles, the US Navy designed Akron and Macon with internal hangars able to house a number of Curtiss F9C Sparrowhawk biplane fighters. The fighters were launched and recovered using a "trapeze" mechanism.
With lengths of 785 ft (239 m), Akron and Macon were among the largest flying objects in the world and still hold the world record for helium-filled airships. They were just 20 ft (6.1 m) shorter than the German hydrogen-filled airship Hindenburg.
Akron first flew on 8 August 1931 and Macon followed on 21 April 1933. The Sparrowhawk fighters became operational in September 1932. Akron was destroyed on 4 April 1934 and Macon on 12 February 1935.
During her accident-prone 18-month term of service, the Akron served as an airborne aircraft carrier for launching and recovering F9C Sparrowhawk fighter planes. Akron was destroyed in a thunderstorm off the coast of New Jersey on the morning of 4 April 1933, killing 73 of her 76 crewmen and passengers. This accident was the largest loss of life for any known airship crash.
Macon was designed to carry biplane parasite aircraft, five single-seat Curtiss F9C Sparrowhawk for scouting or two-seat Fleet N2Y-1 for training. In service for less than two years, in 1935 Macon was damaged in a storm and lost off California's Big Sur coast, though most of the crew were saved. The wreckage is listed as "USS Macon Airship Remains" on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.
Airborne aircraft carriers in fiction
Fictional craft include:
- Helicarrier – Nick Fury/S.H.I.E.L.D./The Avengers
- Cloudbase – Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons.
- Skybase – Gerry Anderson's New Captain Scarlet.
- Iron Vulture – Airship captained by the Air Pirate leader Don Karnage in the Disney animated series TaleSpin.
- Valiant – Doctor Who.
- Royal Navy flying aircraft carriers – Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow.
- Pandora – Airship used by Nathan Zachary and his air pirate gang the Fortune Hunters in the Crimson Skies game franchise.
- XB-0 Hresvelgr and P-1112 Aigaion of the Ace Combat series.
- Saints Row: The Third- Flying STAG Aircraft Carrier, the Daedalus.
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- Submarine aircraft carrier
- Parasite aircraft
- Mother ship
- Composite aircraft
- McDonnell XF-85
- List of fictional aircraft
- Ege, L.; Balloons and airships, Blandford (1973), Page 204. "...ZRS-4 was a real aircraft carrier. It had been found feasible to attach an aeroplane to Los Angeles in flight and later release it again, but ZRS-4 could, while in flight, actually receive in flight five scout or reconnaissance aeroplanes and store them in a special hangar inside its huge belly."
- Imperial Airship Service, The Airship Heritage Trust. Accessed 10 June 2009.
- "Plane Hitched To Dirigible by Hook in Flight" Popular Mechanics, August 1930
- Jones, L.S.; US Naval Fighters, Aero Publishers 1977.
- Commander Describes Akron Tragedy While Navy Search Goes On 1933/04/06 (1933). Universal Newsreel. 1933. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- "10 Worst Airship Disasters in History". Retrieved 2013-03-03.
- "Marvel's The Avengers Helicarrier". fantastic plastic.com. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Cloudbase H.Q.". actiontoys.com. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Skybase central". spectrum-headquarters.com. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "The TaleSpin Sourcepage – The Iron Vulture". talespinsourcepage.i8.com. Archived from the original on 2 March 2009. Retrieved 2012-07-18.
- "Valiant: Misc". Doctor Who. Retrieved 2012-07-18.
- "page S". Rotary Action at rotaryaction.com. Retrieved 2012-07-18.
- Herold, Charles (1 March 2001). "Game Theory; Fly in a Retro World Under Crimson Skies". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 July 2015.
- "Crimson Skies FAQ/Walkthrough". Gamefaqs.com. 16 January 2001. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- "XB-0 'Hresvelgr'". The Union Of Power. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
- "Saints Row: The Third – Playthrough". gamefaqs. Retrieved 2012-07-18.