Airbus A320neo family

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A320neo family
A319neo/A320neo/A321neo
A twin-engined jet aircraft with distinctive winglets, in blue and white livery, against a blue sky
An A320neo about to land from IndiGo, the largest operator
Role Narrow-body twin-engine jet airliner
National origin Multi-national
Manufacturer Airbus
First flight 25 September 2014
Introduction 25 January 2016 with Lufthansa[1]
Status In service
Primary users IndiGo
Pegasus Airlines
Azul Brazilian Airlines
Produced 2012–present[2]
Number built 94 as of 31 March 2017[3]
Unit cost
A319neo: US$99.5 million, approx. 94.5 million (2017)[4]
A320neo: US$108.4 million, approx. €103.0 million (2017)[4]
A321neo: US$127.0 million, approx. €120.6 million (2017)[4]
Developed from Airbus A320 family

The Airbus A320neo family is a re-engine development of its A320 family of narrow-body airliners, launched on 1 December 2010 by Airbus, where "neo" means "new engine option", with a choice of CFM International LEAP-1A or Pratt & Whitney PW1000G engines.[5] The original family is now called A320ceo, for "current engine option".

The first flight of the A320neo took place on 25 September 2014.[6] It was introduced by Lufthansa on 25 January 2016.[1] Airbus has 5,056 firm orders as of March 2017.[3]

Design and development[edit]

A320 improvements[edit]

In 2006 Airbus started the A320 Enhanced (A320E) programme as a series of improvements targeting a 4-5% efficiency gain with large winglets (2%), aerodynamic refinements (1%), weight savings and a new aircraft cabin.[7] At the time Airbus' Chief Operating Officer and executive member John Leahy said "Who's going to roll over a fleet to a new generation aircraft for 5% better than an A320 today? Especially if another 10% improvement might be coming in the second half of the next decade based on new engine technology".[7]

Engine improvements reducing fuel consumption by 1% were fitted into the A320 in 2007 with the CFM56 Tech Insertion[8] and in 2008 with the V2500Select (One).[9]

Sharklets[edit]

A320 Enhanced (A320E) and A320neo sharklet detail at ILA 2012

Airbus launched the sharklet blended wingtip device during the November 2009 Dubai air show, their installation adds 200 kilograms (440 lb) but offers a 3.5% fuel burn reduction on flights over 2,800 km (1,500 nmi)[10] Manufactured by Korean Air Aerospace Division, the 2.5 metres (8 ft 2 in) tall devices permits an annual carbon dioxide reduction of 700 tonnes per aircraft.[11] The winglets increase efficiency by decreasing lift-induced drag.

In December 2011, Airbus filed suit in the western district of Texas over Aviation Partners' claims of infringement of its patents on winglet design & construction which were granted in 1993. Airbus' lawsuit seeks to reject responsibility to pay royalties to Aviation Partners for using its designs, despite work performed together with both parties to develop advanced winglets for the A320neo.[12] The first Sharklet equipped A320 was delivered to Air New Zealand at the June 2013 Paris Airshow, offering a 450 kilograms (990 lb) payload increase or 100 nautical miles (190 km) longer range at the original payload.[13]

Cabin[edit]

Virgin America Airbus A320 Enhanced economy class cabin with LED lighting

The new aircraft cabin offers a more modern look and feel, a new Air purifier with filters and a catalytic converter removing unpleasant smells from the air before it is pumped into the cabin and Light-emitting diodes for ambience lighting and passenger service unit.[14] It offers better and larger luggage storage.[15] The flight crew controls the cabin through touchscreen displays.[16]

The new "Space-Flex" optional cabin configuration increases space-efficiency by a new rear galley configuration and a "Smart-Lav" modular lavatory design – allowing an in-flight change of two lavatories into one accessible toilet.[17] With larger, "Cabin-Flex" relocated exit doors, it allows up to 20 more passengers for the A321neo without "putting more sardines in the can",[18] and up to 9 more passengers for the A320neo.[19]

Fuel efficiency per seat is increased by 6% with this option, in total exceeding 20% together with the new engines and the sharklets.[19] The moved and enlarged exit doors are estimated to add 100 kg empty weight.[20]

New Engine Option[edit]

At the February 2010 Singapore Air Show, Airbus said its decision to launch was scheduled for the July 2010 Farnborough Air Show.[21] It wasn't still decided in August but the choice for new engines included the CFM International LEAP-1A and the Pratt & Whitney PW1100G.[22] Though the new engines will burn 16% less fuel, the actual fuel efficiency gain on an A320 installation will be slightly lower since 1–2% is typically lost upon installation on an existing aircraft and Airbus was comfortable with the 20% lower maintenance cost projections for the Pratt & Whitney's PW1000G compared with today's engines.[22]

On 1 December 2010, Airbus launched the A320neo "New Engine Option" with an additional range of 500 nmi (950 km) or 2 t (4,400 lb) of extra payload, planning to deliver 4,000 over 15 years.[5] Initially scheduled for spring 2016, introduction was advanced to October 2015.[23] Airbus announces a 15% fuel saving thanks to those latest-generation engines and large sharklet wingtip devices, keeping over 95% airframe commonality with the current A320.[24]

In March 2013, airlines' choices between the two engines were almost equal.[25] Its commonality helped to reduce delays associated with large changes.[26] A rearranged cabin allows up to 20 more passengers[27] enabling in total over 20% lower fuel consumption per seat.[19] The first Airbus A320neo rolled out of the Toulouse factory on 1 July 2014 and first flight was scheduled to September 2014.[28]

Its first flight occurred on 25 September 2014.[29] Its Pratt & Whitney PW1100G-JM geared turbofan engine was certified by the Federal Aviation Administration on 19 December 2014.[30] A first flight on schedule is unusual for most recent airliner developments like competitors Bombardier CSeries, Comac C919, Irkut MS-21, or postponed development of Boeing Y1/737 MAX.

First delivery slipped to early 2016.[31] Lufthansa has taken delivery of the first A320neo on 20 January 2016.[32]

The A320neo is half as loud than an A320 at take-off with a 85 decibel noise footprint.[33] The LEAP powered A321neo is even quieter at 83.3 dB for flyover noise, substantially lower than the older CFM56 and V2500.[34]

Variants[edit]

For the previous Airbus A320 family variants, see Airbus A320 family § Variants.

Airbus offers three variants of the A320neo family : the A319, A320 and A321. A New Engine Option for the Airbus A318 is not expected but can be developed if needed.[35]

A319neo[edit]

Qatar Airways was originally scheduled to be the launch operator of this shortened fuselage variant.[36] It upgauged its order to the larger A320neo in late 2013.[37] No new launch operator has been named since.

It made its first flight on 31 March 2017, powered by LEAP Engines but PW Engines are also available.[38]

A320neo[edit]

Lufthansa Airbus A320neo

Lufthansa is the launch operator of this standard variant.[39] The first A320neo rolled out of the Airbus factory in Toulouse on 1 July 2014.[40] It first flew on 25 September 2014.[6] A joint type certification from the European Aviation Safety Agency and the Federal Aviation Administration was received on 24 November 2015.[41]

Nearly 28 years after the first A320, on 25 January 2016, the A320neo entered service with Lufthansa, the type's launch customer.[1] Six months later at Farnborough Airshow, John Leahy reported that the 8 in-service aircraft fleet had achieved a 99.7% dispatch reliability.[42] After a year in service, Lufthansa confirmed the 20% gain per passenger with up to 180 seats, along reduced noise and CO2 emissions.[33]

By the end of February 2017, 28,105 scheduled flights had been performed by 71 A320neo aircraft with 134 cancellations for a 99.5% completion rate.[43] Spirit faces Pratt & Whitney PW1000G issues on four of its five A320neos and don't fly them above 30,000 ft because the bleed air system froze shut on occasion due to cold temperatures, the same problem facing IndiGo.[44]

By March 2017, 88 A320neos had been delivered to 20 airlines, 49 with the PW1000G and 39 with the CFM International LEAP-1A, and the fleet had accumulated more than 57,600 flight hours and 37,500 cycles (1.5h average); over 142 routes the average stage length is 900 nm and like the A320ceo the neo flies an average of 8.4 block hours and up to 10 cycles a day with Lufthansa operating 45 min. sectors from Frankfurt to Hamburg or Munich to China Southern Airlines flying close to 6 hr sectors.[45] Operators confirm the 15% per seat fuel-burn savings even counterbalanced by the added weight on short sectors, which can rise to 16-17% on longer routes and to 20% or more like for Lufthansa with 180 passengers up from 168 with two more seat rows; and Airbus plans to deliver about 200 A320neos in 2017.[45]

A321neo[edit]

An A321neo prototype in flight

ILFC is the first customer for the A321neo.[46] This lengthened fuselage variant have structural strengthening in the landing gear (undercarriage) and wing, increased wing area and other minor modifications due to higher weights.

The Airbus A321neo prototype, D-AVXB, first flew on 9 February 2016.[47] However, the plane suffered a tailstrike three days later, requiring that the aircraft be flown to Toulouse for repairs and Airbus estimates a delay of several weeks for the certification programme due to the time required for repairs.[48] It received its type certification with Pratt & Whitney engines on 15 December 2016,[49] and simultaneous EASA and FAA certification for the CFM Leap powered variant on 1 March 2017.[50]

Leased by GECAS, the first one was delivered in Hamburg to Virgin America configured with 184 seats and LEAP engines, it should enter service on May 31 ; all leased from the same lessor, five A321neos should be delivered to Virgin in 2017 and five in 2018 if its buyer Alaska Airlines keeps two fleet types.[51]

A321LR[edit]

In October 2014, Airbus started marketing a 164 seat, 97 t (214,000 lb) maximum takeoff weight variant with three auxiliary fuel tanks called the A321neoLR (Long Range) with 100 nmi more operational range than a Boeing 757-200 configured with 169 seats, 27% lower trip costs and 24% lower per seat costs; it would be scheduled for introduction in the second half of 2018, two years after the A321neo.[52]

Airbus launched the A321LR on 13 January 2015 with Air Lease Corporation as the launch customer, hoping to sell 1,000 examples of the variant.[53] The initial layout of 164 seats (20 in business, 30 in premium economy and 114 in economy) is replaced by a 206-seat configuration (16 in business and 190 in economy) and range is 4,000 nmi (7,400 km), 500 nmi (930 km) farther than the regular 93.5 t MTOW A321.[20] The A321LR is taking the place of the B757 in the middle of the market.[54]

Orders and deliveries[edit]

The A320neo family received over 2,000 orders in a little over two years following launch in December 2010, making it the fastest selling commercial aircraft in history.[55][56]


A320neo orders and deliveries
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Total
Orders A319neo 26 19 2 3 5 55
A320neo 30 1,081 378 387 824 583 343 -10 3,616
A321neo 119 81 341 183 301 363 -3 1,385
Total 30 1,226 478 728 1,009 887 711 -13 5,056
Deliveries A319neo
A320neo 68 26 94
A321neo
Total 68 26 94

As of 31 March 2017[57]

Cumulative A320neo orders and deliveries

Orders

Deliveries

As of 31 March 2017[57]


2011[edit]

Virgin America became the launch customer with a firm order of 30 A320neo aircraft as a part of a 60 aircraft order on 17 January 2011.[58] IndiGo ordered 150 aircraft.[59][60] At the Paris Air Show 2011, Airbus confirmed orders from GECAS, Scandinavian Airlines, TransAsia Airways, IndiGo, LAN Airlines, AirAsia and GoAir.[61] Airbus also received commitments for 83 A320neo aircraft from Air Lease Corporation and Avianca. In total, the 2011 Paris Air Show endowed the A320neo with a combined 667 orders and 83 commitments, including 200 aircraft for Malaysian low-cost carrier AirAsia, which was hailed as the largest-ever deal in Airbus history.[62]

A month later, American Airlines ordered 130 A320neo's, which would cause the airline to cease having an all-Boeing fleet, and Lufthansa became the aircraft's first German customer, ordering 30 examples.[63] The Dubai Airshow in November 2011 saw a further total of 130 orders and 105 commitments by several customers. On 25 January 2012 Norwegian and Airbus confirmed an order of 100 A320neo.[64]

2012[edit]

In November 2012 Virgin America deferred the deliveries of the A320neo aircraft until 2020, making ILFC the new launch customer along with the A321neo.[65] In December 2012 Pegasus Airlines, the second largest airline in Turkey, signed a deal for up to 100 A320neo family aircraft, of which 75 (57 A320neo and 18 A321neo models) are firm orders.[66]

2013[edit]

Lufthansa ordered an additional 70 A320neo and A321neo aircraft in March 2013.[67] easyJet, who already operates 195 A320ceo family aircraft, intends to acquire 100 Airbus A320neo for delivery between 2017 and 2022. As part of the deal, easyJet have options on a further 100 A320neo aircraft, and the Japanese carrier ANA is to order the A320neo and A321neo.[68] Lion Air ordered 183.

2014[edit]

On 15 October 2014 IndiGo signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Airbus for the purchase of 250 A320neo family aircraft. The deal would be worth over $25.5 billion as per the list price per aircraft. This order will also be the largest by the airline, marking the largest number of jets ever sold by the European planemaker in a single order. The airline had earlier ordered 100 aircraft in 2005 and another 180 aircraft in 2011.[69]

Operators[edit]

Lufthansa Airbus A320 at Frankfurt Airport, Lufthansa was the launch customer.

As of 31 March 2017, 94 Airbus A320neo family aircraft were in service with 20 operators,[3] with IndiGo and Pegasus Airlines operating the largest A320neo fleets of 19 and nine aircraft respectively.[3]

Specifications[edit]

Airbus Family figures[70]
A319neo A320neo A321neo
Cockpit crew Two
Seating capacity 140 (2-class)
160 (1-class, maximum)
165 (2-class)
195 (1-class, maximum)[71][72]
206 (2-class)
240 (1-class, maximum)
Seat pitch max density : 28–29 in (71–74 cm) [73] max density : 28 in (71 cm)[18]

16B @ 36 in (91 cm) + 190Y @ 30 in (76 cm)[20]

Seat width Economy at 6 abreast: 18 in (46 cm)[18]
Cargo capacity 27 m3 (950 cu ft) 37 m3 (1,300 cu ft) 51 m3 (1,800 cu ft)
A321LR: < 51 m3 (1,800 cu ft)
Length 33.84 m (111.0 ft) 37.57 m (123.3 ft) 44.51 m (146.0 ft)
Wingspan 35.80 m (117.5 ft)
Height 11.76 m (38.6 ft)
Cabin width 3.7 m (12 ft)
Cruising speed Mach 0.78[74](447 knots (828 km/h) at cruising altitude)
Max. zero-fuel weight 60.3 t (133,000 lb) 64.3 t (142,000 lb) 75.6 t (167,000 lb)
Max. landing weight 63.9 t (141,000 lb) 67.4 t (149,000 lb) 79.2 t (175,000 lb)
Max. takeoff weight 75.5 t (166,000 lb) 79.0 t (174,200 lb) 93.5 t (206,000 lb)[20]
A321LR: 97.0 t (213,800 lb)
Jet fuel capacity 26,730 l (7,060 US gal) 26,730 l (7,060 US gal) 23,700 l (no ACT)[75] to 3 ACT (A321LR) : 32,940 l (6,261 - 8,700 US gal)
Typical range 6,950 km (3,750 nmi)[a] 6,500 km (3,500 nmi)[b] 6,500 km (3,500 nmi)[20][c]
A321LR : 7,400 km (4,000 nmi)
Engines (×2) CFM International LEAP-1A or Pratt & Whitney PW1100G[74]
Fan diameter PW1100G: 81 in (206 cm),[79] LEAP-1A: 78 in (198 cm)[80]
Thrust PW1124G : 107.82 kN (24,240 lbf) [81]

LEAP-1A24 : 106.8 kN (24,000 lbf)[82]

PW1127G : 120.43 kN (27,070 lbf) [81]

LEAP-1A28 : 120.64 kN (27,120 lbf)[82]

PW1133G : 147.28 kN (33,110 lbf) [81]/PW1135G

LEAP-1A32/33 : 143.05 kN (32,160 lbf)[82]

Engines[edit]

Type certificate[72]
Aircraft model designation Engines Type Certification Date Take-off Thrust Maximum continuous
A320-271N PW1127G-JM 24 November 2015 120.43 kN (27,070 lbf) 117.18 kN (26,340 lbf)
A320-251N CFM LEAP-1A26 31 May 2016 120.64 kN (27,120 lbf) 118.68 kN (26,680 lbf)
A321-271N PW1133G-JM 15 December 2016 147.28 kN (33,110 lbf) 145.81 kN (32,780 lbf)
A321-251N CFM LEAP-1A32 1 March 2017 143.05 kN (32,160 lbf) 140.96 kN (31,690 lbf)
A321-253N CFM LEAP-1A33 3 March 2017 143.05 kN (32,160 lbf) 140.96 kN (31,690 lbf)

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ with 140 passengers, with 124: 7,750 km (4,180 nmi)[76]
  2. ^ with 165 passengers, with 150: 6,850 km (3,700 nmi)[77]
  3. ^ with 206 passengers, with 185: 6,850 km (3,700 nmi)[78]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Media related to Airbus A320neo at Wikimedia Commons