Line 11, Shenzhen Metro

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Line 11, Shenzhen Metro
 11 
11号线商务车厢.jpg
The interior of a Business Class carriage
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Shenzhen Metro
Status Operational
Locale Shenzhen, China
Termini Futian
Bitou
Stations 18
Operation
Opened 28 June 2016
Operator(s) SZMC (Shenzhen Metro Group)
Character Underground and elevated
Technical
Line length 51.7 km (32.12 mi)
Number of tracks 2
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification Overhead Line, 1,500 V DC
Operating speed 120 km/h

Line 11 of the Shenzhen Metro (simplified Chinese: 十一号线; traditional Chinese: 十一號線; pinyin: Shíyī hào xiàn; Jyutping: Sap6 Jat1 Hou6 Sin3) also known as the Airport Line (机场线; 機場線; Jīchǎng xiàn; Gei1 Coeng4 Sin3) opened on 28 June 2016.[1] Line 11 has a length of 51.7 km and a total of 18 stations. It connects the CBDs of Futian, Nanshan and Qianhai to Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport and onward to Fuyong, Shajing and Songgang suburban areas. It serves as both a regional express line from the west coast of Shenzhen to the city core area and an airport rail link.[2] Compared with the other lines of Shenzhen Metro, Line 11 has a longer spacing between stops for a higher speed service. Trains of Line 11 run at 120 km/h, up to 50% faster than other lines.[3] Construction of Line 11 started in April 2012 and test running begun at the end of March 2016. Trains run at a 8-minute frequency with several extra train services during peak hours, and take half an hour to travel from Futian to the Airport.[4]

History[edit]

In 2007, the "Shenzhen City Rail Transit Construction Plan (2011 to 2020)" was publicly announced for the first time, which included the plans for Line 11.[2] The plan calls for a express metro line running along the western coast of Shenzhen with through services to Dongguan, Guangzhou and beyond via the Guangzhou–Dongguan–Shenzhen Intercity Railway which was then envisioned to be a intercity metro line.[5] On December 2008, a ground breaking ceremony was held for the project, attended by Party Secretary Wang Yang and Governor Huang Huahua.[6] However, design changes started immediately after due to disagreements on how to integrate the metro project with the intercity line. Subsequently, the project was postponed.[7]

In July 2010, China Railway Minister Liu Zhijun and Guangdong Executive Vice Governor Zhu Xiaodan held talks to speed up railway construction in Guangdong. The result was a new plan to construct a Pearl River Delta Rapid Transit network. The Guangzhou-Dongguan-Shenzhen Intercity Line was redesigned from a rapid transit line to a regional rail line and will no longer enter the central area of Shenzhen. Instead the Guangzhou-Dongguan-Shenzhen Intercity Line shall terminate at Airport station with interchange for Line 11 but no through services.[8]

Timeline[edit]

Segment Date opened Length
Bitou — Futian 28 June 2016 51.94 km (32.27 mi)

Stations[edit]

Station name Connections Nearby bus stops Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
Bitou 碧头 0.00 0.00 Bao'an
Songgang 松岗  6  1.90 1.90
Houting 后亭 2.30 4.20
Shajing 沙井 2.40 6.60
Ma'an Hill 马安山 1.75 8.35
Tangwei 塘尾 1.75 10.10
Qiaotou 桥头 1.70 11.80
Fuyong 福永  12  1.75 13.55
Airport North 机场北 Airport interchange SZX T4 (U/C)
 20 
2.65 16.20
Airport 机场 Airport interchange SZX T3 3.65 19.85
Bihaiwan 碧海湾 7.00 26.85
Bao'an 宝安 3.40 30.25
Qianhaiwan 前海湾  1   5  2.70 32.95 Nanshan
Nanshan 南山  12  4.20 37.15
Houhai 后海  2   13  1.90 39.05
Hongshuwan South 红树湾南  9  3.25 42.30
Chegongmiao 车公庙  1   7   9  5.75 48.05 Futian
Futian 福田  2   3  China Railway High-speed Futian 3.10 51.15
Gangxia North 岗厦北  2   10   14  ( 1  via Gangxia)
Shanghai Hotel 上海宾馆
Grand Theater 大剧院  2   1  ( 9  via Hongling South) Luohu

Planned extension[edit]

Line 11 is planned to have an east extension to Grand Theater Station.[9]

Additional proposals include a northern extension into Chang'an, Dongguan with transfers to Dongguan Rail Transit and through train service with the proposed Shenzhen Metro Line 14.

Rolling stock[edit]

The airport line will use 33 sets of Size A subway trains in eight car sets (no. 1101-1133) with a maximum speed of 120 km/h, including two six standard class carriages and two Business Class carriages. On 4 July 2015, the first train completed eight months of commissioning work,[10] and 10 trains have been delivered from CRRC Zhuzhou as of March 2016. The maximum train capacity is 2564 people.

Business Class[edit]

Business Class has transverse seating and curtains[11] for comfort and luggage racks for airport passengers.[12] To ride Business Class passengers have to pay a premium for their ticket, similar to First Class on the MTR East Rail Line. Business Class carriages are marked by dark grey floor tiles and yellow panels above the platform screen doors. Standard class carriages are marked by light grey floor tiles and white panels above the doors.[13]

Fares[edit]

Two kinds of fares are charged on Line 11. In standard class, the fare is equivalent to other metro lines. Business Class is three times as expensive as standard class. Standard class fares range between 2 and 10 yuan, with Business Class ranging between 6 and 30 yuan. Because of the possibility of transfers, this makes the maximum possible fare on the Shenzhen Metro 35 yuan. Business Class can be accessed through placing the Shenzhen Tong on a validator or through purchasing a yellow token (standard tokens are green).[14] 11% of passengers travel by Business Class.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 王念. "深圳地铁11号线28日起试运营 11点后可购票体验_广州日报大洋网". news.dayoo.com. Retrieved 2016-06-28. 
  2. ^ a b 轨道交通近期建设线路线站位初步方案 (in Chinese). 深圳市规划和国土资源委员会. July 9, 2007. 
  3. ^ "深圳地铁11号线动态新闻". weibo.com. Retrieved 2016-06-11. 
  4. ^ "#新线online# #深圳地铁11号线#". www.weibo.com. Retrieved 2016-06-11. 
  5. ^ "深圳市轨道交通规划简要报告(3)". February 21, 2008. 
  6. ^ "穗莞深城际轨道干线在深圳开工全程1小时_深圳新闻网". news.sznews.com. Retrieved 2016-12-11. 
  7. ^ "深莞惠交通运输一体化提速---深圳特区报". sztqb.sznews.com. Retrieved 2016-12-11. 
  8. ^ "【图文】珠三角城际轨道交通线网技术标准调整情况_百度文库". wenku.baidu.com. Retrieved 2016-12-11. 
  9. ^ "深圳东莞地铁实现无缝接驳 四条接驳线路初定_新闻中心_赢商网". sz.winshang.com. Retrieved 2016-12-11. 
  10. ^ "#新线online# #深圳地铁11号线#". www.weibo.com. Retrieved 2016-06-11. 
  11. ^ "#新线online# #深圳地铁11号线#". www.weibo.com. Retrieved 2016-06-11. 
  12. ^ "11号线从中心区到机场不超半小时". 深圳特区报. April 24, 2012. 
  13. ^ "新线直击 | 这个"庙"好特别". www.weibo.com. Retrieved 2016-06-11. 
  14. ^ "新线直击 | 商务车厢乘车指引get√". 
  15. ^ CCTV English (2016-08-21), Business class in Shenzhen metro draws controversy, retrieved 2017-02-18