# Airy zeta function

In mathematics, the Airy zeta function, studied by Crandall (1996), is a function analogous to the Riemann zeta function and related to the zeros of the Airy function.

## Definition

The Airy functions Ai and Bi

The Airy function

${\displaystyle \mathrm {Ai} (x)={\frac {1}{\pi }}\int _{0}^{\infty }\cos \left({\tfrac {1}{3}}t^{3}+xt\right)\,dt,}$

is positive for positive x, but oscillates for negative values of x; the sequence of values of x for which Ai(x) = 0, sorted by their absolute values, are called the Airy zeros and are denoted a1, a2, ...

The Airy zeta function is the function defined from this sequence of zeros by the series

${\displaystyle \zeta _{\mathrm {Ai} }(s)=\sum _{i=1}^{\infty }{\frac {1}{|a_{i}|^{s}}}.}$

This series converges when the real part of s is greater than 3/2, and may be extended by analytic continuation to other values of s.

## Evaluation at integers

Like the Riemann zeta function, whose value ${\displaystyle \zeta (2)=\pi ^{2}/6}$ is the solution to the Basel problem, the Airy zeta function may be exactly evaluated at s = 2:

${\displaystyle \zeta _{\mathrm {Ai} }(2)=\sum _{i=1}^{\infty }{\frac {1}{a_{i}^{2}}}={\frac {3^{5/3}\Gamma ^{4}({\frac {2}{3}})}{4\pi ^{2}}},}$

where Γ is the Gamma function, a continuous variant of the factorial. Similar evaluations are also possible for larger integer values of s.

It is conjectured that the analytic continuation of the Airy zeta function evaluates at 1 to

${\displaystyle \zeta _{\mathrm {Ai} }(1)={\frac {-3^{-2/3}\Gamma ({\frac {2}{3}})}{\Gamma ({\frac {4}{3}})}}.}$