Aitkin County, Minnesota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Aitkin County, Minnesota
Aitkin Co Courthouse.jpg
Map of Minnesota highlighting Aitkin County
Location in the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded May 23, 1857 (created)
June 30, 1871 (organized)[1]
Named for William Alexander Aitken
Seat Aitkin
Largest city Aitkin
Area
 • Total 1,995 sq mi (5,167 km2)
 • Land 1,822 sq mi (4,719 km2)
 • Water 174 sq mi (451 km2), 8.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 15,583
 • Density 8.9/sq mi (3.4/km2)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.co.aitkin.mn.us

Aitkin County (/ˈkɪn/ AY-kin) is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,202.[2] Its county seat is Aitkin.[3] A portion of the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation is in the county. The county was created in 1857 and organized in 1871.

History[edit]

Aitkin County was established in 1857 as Aiken County and had a spelling change of its name to the current spelling in 1872. Aitkin County was named after William Alexander Aitken, a fur trader for the American Fur Company, under John Jacob Astor. Formed from Ramsey and Pine counties, Aiken County originally consisted of the 17 townships closest to Mille Lacs Lake. It acquired out-lands of Ramsey, Itasca and Pine Counties to its north and east. It was organized in 1871, taking up lands from Cass and Itasca Counties and losing a point located in the southwestern corner to Crow Wing County to form its current boundaries.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,995 square miles (5,170 km2), of which 1,822 square miles (4,720 km2) is land and 174 square miles (450 km2) (8.7%) is water.[4]

Soils of Aitkin County[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

State protected area[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[6]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 59.8% 5,516 34.0% 3,134 6.3% 581
2012 49.6% 4,533 48.3% 4,412 2.2% 197
2008 48.8% 4,589 48.8% 4,595 2.4% 226
2004 50.4% 4,768 48.0% 4,539 1.5% 145
2000 45.5% 3,755 46.4% 3,830 8.2% 675
1996 31.4% 2,327 51.5% 3,810 17.1% 1,267
1992 28.5% 2,151 45.0% 3,400 26.6% 2,008
1988 43.4% 3,011 55.7% 3,863 1.0% 68
1984 46.1% 3,422 53.2% 3,943 0.7% 51
1980 44.3% 3,396 47.9% 3,677 7.8% 597
1976 35.6% 2,476 62.0% 4,308 2.4% 165
1972 53.7% 3,241 44.6% 2,687 1.7% 104
1968 39.8% 2,254 54.7% 3,094 5.5% 309
1964 34.0% 2,000 65.8% 3,874 0.3% 16
1960 50.7% 3,097 48.8% 2,980 0.6% 36
1956 50.2% 2,762 49.7% 2,733 0.2% 9
1952 55.9% 3,384 42.6% 2,577 1.5% 89
1948 41.1% 2,466 54.6% 3,277 4.4% 264
1944 49.4% 2,720 49.8% 2,743 0.8% 46
1940 50.1% 3,744 48.3% 3,610 1.6% 116
1936 37.3% 2,466 57.6% 3,806 5.1% 339
1932 40.8% 2,341 51.3% 2,945 8.0% 457
1928 70.1% 3,951 25.3% 1,428 4.6% 257
1924 53.7% 2,720 4.2% 212 42.1% 2,136
1920 70.2% 2,933 14.7% 613 15.2% 635
1916 46.2% 1,122 36.1% 877 17.6% 428
1912 17.4% 362 19.8% 413 62.8% 1,308
1908 67.0% 1,205 21.6% 389 11.4% 204
1904 81.0% 1,327 11.7% 191 7.4% 121
1900 77.3% 988 20.5% 262 2.2% 28
1896 69.5% 855 27.9% 344 2.6% 32
1892 62.6% 445 30.5% 217 6.9% 49

Climate and weather[edit]

Aitkin, Minnesota
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1
 
 
20
0
 
 
0.8
 
 
26
4
 
 
1.7
 
 
38
16
 
 
2.6
 
 
54
30
 
 
3.1
 
 
66
40
 
 
4.5
 
 
75
51
 
 
4.2
 
 
80
56
 
 
3.2
 
 
77
53
 
 
3.3
 
 
68
45
 
 
2.9
 
 
55
34
 
 
1.6
 
 
38
21
 
 
1
 
 
24
7
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[7]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Aitkin have ranged from a low of 0 °F (−18 °C) in January to a high of 80 °F (27 °C) in July, although a record low of −47 °F (−44 °C) was recorded in January 1972 and a record high of 100 °F (38 °C) was recorded in August 1976. Although these records are the official records, temperatures above 100 °F (38 °C) has been detected numerous times throughout Aitkin County and surrounding areas. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.79 inches (20 mm) in February to 4.46 inches (113 mm) in June.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18602
18701788,800.0%
1880366105.6%
18902,462572.7%
19006,473162.9%
191010,37160.2%
192015,04345.0%
193015,009−0.2%
194017,86519.0%
195014,327−19.8%
196012,162−15.1%
197011,403−6.2%
198013,40417.5%
199012,425−7.3%
200015,30123.1%
201016,2025.9%
Est. 201615,583[8]−3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2016[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the census[13] of 2010, there were 16,202 people, 7,542 households, and 4,458 families residing in the county. The population density was 8.9 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 16,626 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.63% or 15,494 people White, 0.35% or 57 people Black or African American, 2.4% or 390 people Native American, 0.17% or 27 people Asian, 0.025% or 4 people Pacific Islander, 0.13% or 21 people from other races, and 1.29% or 209 people from two or more races. Of the population with two or more races, 0.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.5% were of German, 14.3% Norwegian, 13.0% Swedish, 6.2% Irish, 5.3% United States or American and 5.2% Finnish ancestry.

There were 6,644 households out of which 22.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.50% were married couples living together, 6.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were non-families. 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.76.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.90% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 21.60% from 25 to 44, 29.10% from 45 to 64, and 23.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,139, and the median income for a family was $58,290. Males had a median income of $51,604 versus $30,633 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,848. About 5.20% of families and 7.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.50% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unorganized territories[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aitkin County". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  5. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 71 - 72. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  6. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-04-17. 
  7. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Aitkin, Minnesota". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on 31 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°37′N 93°25′W / 46.61°N 93.41°W / 46.61; -93.41