|• Total||12.93 km2 (4.99 sq mi)|
|• Land||8.04 km2 (3.10 sq mi)|
|• Water||4.89 km2 (1.89 sq mi)|
|• Density||540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Calling code||+371 651|
Aizkraukle (German: Ascheraden) is a town in Vidzeme region in Latvia, the administrative centre of Aizkraukle Municipality on the right bank of the Daugava River. The population in 2020 was 7,018.
In the second half of the 14th century Livonian Order built the Aizkraukle Castle, a few kilometres downstream from the ancient hillfort of Livs. The ruins of the castle still remain today. Before World War I, the settlement that stood near the site of modern-day Aizkraukle was known by its German name of Ascheraden.
The modern town was established in 1961 as a settlement to house the builders of the nearby hydroelectric power plant of Pļaviņas. It was originally called Stučka (or "Стучка", Stuchka and "имени Петра Стучки", imeni Petra Stuchki in Russian), for Pēteris Stučka, a Latvian communist. Town status was granted to it in 1967, which is also when it became the administrative center of Stučkas District. In 1990, it was renamed Aizkraukle, after the nearest railway station. The name literally means beyond the Kraukle River.
General industries in the area include power generation, woodworking, printing, and agriculture.
In 2004 Aizkraukle was awarded "The tidiest town in Latvia 2004" in its size group.
- https://data.stat.gov.lv/pxweb/lv/OSP_PUB/START__ENV__DR__DRT/DRT010/; Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia; retrieved: 25 February 2021.
- https://data.stat.gov.lv/pxweb/lv/OSP_PUB/START__POP__IR__IRS/IRS030/; Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia; retrieved: 19 February 2021.
- "ISG020. Population number and its change by statistical region, city, town, 21 development centres and county". Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia. 2020-01-01. Retrieved 2021-02-12.
- Pospelov, p. 24
- Latvijas PSR Administratīvi Teritoriālais Iedalījums, p. 47
- Latvijas PSR Administratīvi Teritoriālais Iedalījums, p. 118
- Е. М. Поспелов (Ye. M. Pospelov). "Имена городов: вчера и сегодня (1917–1992). Топонимический словарь." (City Names: Yesterday and Today (1917–1992). Toponymic Dictionary." Москва, "Русские словари", 1993.
- Latvijas PSR Augstakās Padomes Prezidija Padomju Darba Jautājumu Daļa. Latvijas PSR Administratīvi Teritoriālais Iedalījums. 1978. gads. Izdevnieciba "Liesma", Riga 1978.