Aizkraukle

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Aizkraukle
Town
Aizkraukle road.jpg
Flag of Aizkraukle
Flag
Coat of arms of Aizkraukle
Coat of arms
Aizkraukle is located in Latvia
Aizkraukle
Aizkraukle
Location in Latvia
Coordinates: 56°36′15″N 25°15′14″E / 56.60417°N 25.25389°E / 56.60417; 25.25389Coordinates: 56°36′15″N 25°15′14″E / 56.60417°N 25.25389°E / 56.60417; 25.25389
Country  Latvia
Municipality Aizkraukle Municipality
Town rights 1967
Area
 • Total 11.83 km2 (4.57 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 8,606
 • Density 727/km2 (1,880/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code LV-510(1-3)
Calling code +371 651

Aizkraukle (German: Ascheraden) is a town in Vidzeme region in Latvia, the administrative centre of Aizkraukle Municipality on the right bank of the Daugava River.

History[edit]

In the second half of the 14th century Livonian Order built the Aizkraukle Castle, a few kilometres downstream from the ancient hillfort of Livs. The ruins of the castle still remain today. Before World War I, the settlement that stood near the site of modern-day Aizkraukle was known by its German name of Ascheraden.

The modern town was established in 1961 as a settlement to house the builders of the nearby hydroelectric power plant of Pļaviņas.[1] It was originally called Stučka[2] (or "Стучка", Stuchka[3] and "имени Петра Стучки", imeni Petra Stuchki[1] in Russian), for Pēteris Stučka, a Latvian communist.[1] Town status was granted to it in 1967,[1][2] which is also when it became the administrative center of Stučkas District.[citation needed] In 1990, it was renamed Aizkraukle, after the nearest railway station.[1] The name literally means beyond the Kraukle River.[1]

Economy[edit]

General industries in the area include power generation, woodworking, printing, and agriculture.

In 2004 Aizkraukle was awarded "The tidiest town in Latvia 2004" in its size group.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Pospelov, p. 24
  2. ^ a b Latvijas PSR Administratīvi Teritoriālais Iedalījums, p. 47
  3. ^ Latvijas PSR Administratīvi Teritoriālais Iedalījums, p. 118

Sources[edit]

  • Е. М. Поспелов (Ye. M. Pospelov). "Имена городов: вчера и сегодня (1917–1992). Топонимический словарь." (City Names: Yesterday and Today (1917–1992). Toponymic Dictionary." Москва, "Русские словари", 1993.
  • Latvijas PSR Augstakās Padomes Prezidija Padomju Darba Jautājumu Daļa. Latvijas PSR Administratīvi Teritoriālais Iedalījums. 1978. gads. Izdevnieciba "Liesma", Riga 1978.