Aizu Matsudaira's Royal Garden
Aizu Matsudaira's Royal Garden (御薬園?) is a medicinal herb garden in the city of Aizuwakamatsu, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. The garden was first established in the 1380s. In the 1430s Ashina Morihisa, the 10th feudal lord of the Ashina clan, believing it to be a sacred place, kept the garden as a villa. In 1670, Matsudaira Masatsune, the second feudal lord of the Aizu fief, cultivated various herbs in the garden. Private citizens were encouraged to grow herbs as well, so the garden became known as Oyakuen, or "medicinal herb garden". Today there are about 400 kinds of medicinal herbs and trees cultivated in and around the garden. Meguro Jotei, a landscape gardener during the Edo period, designed the current layout of the garden to show nature in miniature, which is typical of a Japanese garden. The garden pond is named Shinji no Ike and is shaped like the kanji character for "heart" (心). The rectangular garden has a perimeter of about 540 m and an area of about 1.7 ha.
The Chōyōkaku (重陽閣)
The Chōyōkaku was built on the ninth of September, a date known as chōyō in the Japanese calendar. In 1928, Princess Chichibu stayed at Chōyōkaku while visiting the garden. In 1973 the building was moved to its current location.
The Ochayagoten (御茶屋御殿)
The Ochayagoten dates from the Muromachi period. It was built in the Izumidono style. Each room has at least four-and-a-half tatami mats. The building was used when lords, superior officials, merchants or general managers of the clan were invited to Aizu.
The Rakujutei is a tea ceremony cottage built on Naka shima or "Middle Island". It has an alcove with a rail and thatched roof. Feudal lords and the executives of the clan would enjoy tea ceremony here.
- Aizuwakamatsu City:Aizu no shiteki fūkei (Aizu's Historical Scene), page 15.
- Aizu no rekishi (History of Aizu), page 46.
- Okyakuen brochure
- Aizuwakamatsu City (March 30, 2006). Aizu no shiteki fūkei (Aizu's Historical Scene) (in Japanese). Aizuwakamatsu, Fukushima: Hokuto Printing Co. p. 15.
- Fukudokuhon sakukei iinkai (June 30, 2006). Aizu no rekishi (History of Aizu) (in Japanese). Aizuwakamatsu Tourism Bureau Inc. p. 46.
- "English insertion to Japanese brochure titled "Oyakuen"". Aizuwakamatsu city: Aizuwakamatsu Tourism Bureau. n.d.
- Aizuwakamatsu Tourism Bureau Inc. (July 25, 2000). Oyakuen (in Japanese) (2nd ed.). Kitanihon Printing Co.