|Studio album by|
|Released||September 23, 1977|
|Steely Dan chronology|
|Singles from Aja|
Aja (//, pronounced Asia) is the sixth studio album by the jazz rock band Steely Dan. Originally released in 1977 on ABC Records, the album peaked at number three on the US charts and number five in the UK. It was the band's first platinum album and ultimately became their best-selling studio release, eventually selling over 5 million copies. It spawned a number of hit singles, including "Peg", "Deacon Blues", and "Josie". In July 1978, the album won the Grammy Award for Best Engineered Non-Classical Recording. The credits for Aja list nearly 40 musicians, as band leaders Donald Fagen and Walter Becker pushed Steely Dan further into experimenting with different combinations of session players.
Donald Fagen has said the album was named for a Korean woman who married the brother of one of his high-school friends. The cover photo by Hideki Fujii features Japanese model and actress Sayoko Yamaguchi and was designed by Patricia Mitsui and Geoff Westen; inside photos were taken by Walter Becker and Dorothy A. White.
When DTS attempted to make a 5.1 version, it was discovered that the multitrack masters for both "Black Cow" and the title track were missing. For this same reason, a multichannel SACD version was cancelled by Universal Music. Donald Fagen has offered a $600 reward for the missing masters or any information that leads to their recovery.
Critical reception and legacy
|Retrospective professional reviews|
|Christgau's Record Guide||B+|
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Great Rock Discography||8/10|
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
Reviewing in 1977 for Rolling Stone, Michael Duffy said that "the conceptual framework of [Steely Dan's] music has shifted from the pretext of rock & roll toward a smoother, awesomely clean and calculated mutation of various rock, pop and jazz idioms", while their lyrics "remain as pleasantly obtuse and cynical as ever". Duffy added that while the duo's "extreme intellectual self-consciousness" was beginning to show its limitations, the latter "may be precisely the quality that makes Walter Becker and Donald Fagen the perfect musical antiheroes for the Seventies." Robert Christgau of The Village Voice initially "hated" the record before he "realized that, unlike The Royal Scam, it was stretching me some", while noting that he was "grateful to find Fagen and Becker's collegiate cynicism in decline". However, he believed the band's preference for longer, more sophisticated songs "could turn into their fatal flaw". Greg Kot was also lukewarm toward the band's stylistic departure, later writing in the Chicago Tribune: "The clinical coldness first evidenced on The Royal Scam is perfected here. Longer, more languid songs replace the acerbic pithiness of old." Barry Walters was more receptive in a retrospective review for Rolling Stone, saying "rock has always excelled at embodying adolescent ache. But it's rare when rock captures the complications of adult sorrows almost purely with its sound."
The album has been cited by music journalists as one of the best test recordings for audiophiles, due to its high production standards. Walters noted in his review "the album's surreal sonic perfection, its melodic and harmonic complexity - music so technically demanding its creators had to call in A-list session players to realize the sounds they heard in their heads but could not play, even on the instruments they had mastered." Reviewing Aja's 2007 all-analog LP reissue, Ken Kessler from Hi-Fi News & Record Review gave top marks to both recording and performance qualities, calling the album "sublime jazz-rock that hasn't aged at all - unless you consider 'intelligence' passe - it is everything you expected the painfully hip/cool Becker and Fagen to deliver."
Aja has frequently appeared on rankings of the greatest albums of all time. According to Acclaimed Music, it is the 315th most prominently ranked album on critics' all-time lists. In 1991, France's Rock & Folk included Aja on a list of the 250 best albums released during the magazine's existence, beginning in 1966. In 1999, it was ranked 59th on the national Israeli newspaper Yedioth Ahronoth's "Top 99 Albums of All Time". In 2003, the album was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame and ranked number 145 on Rolling Stone's "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time" list, maintaining the rating in a 2012 revised list. In 2006, Aja was included in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. In 2010, the Library of Congress selected Aja for inclusion in the United States National Recording Registry based on its cultural, artistic or historical significance. In 2000 it was voted number 118 in Colin Larkin's All Time Top 1000 Albums.
Classic Albums episode
In 1999, Aja was covered for an episode of the British documentary series Classic Albums, featuring a song-by-song study of the album (the only omission being "I Got the News", which is played during the closing credits), interviews with Steely Dan co-founders Walter Becker and Donald Fagen (among others) plus new, live-in-studio versions of songs from the album. Becker and Fagen also play back several of the rejected guitar solos for "Peg", which were recorded before Jay Graydon produced the satisfactory take. Andy Gill, one of the other interviewees, said: "Jazz-rock was a fundamental part of the 70s musical landscape … [Steely Dan] wasn't rock or pop music with ideas above its station, and it wasn't jazzers slumming … it was a very well-forged alloy of the two – you couldn't separate the pop music from the jazz in their music." Discussing the album's sound, British musician Ian Dury said in the episode that he heard elements of legendary jazz musicians like Charlie Parker, Charles Mingus, and Art Blakey. "Well, Aja's got a sound that lifts your heart up, and it's the most consistent up-full, heart-warming … even though, it is a classic LA kinda sound", Dury explained. "You wouldn't think it was recorded anywhere else in the world. It's got California through its blood, even though they are boys from New York … They've got a skill that can make images that aren't puerile and don't make you think you've heard it before … very 'Hollywood filmic' in a way, the imagery is very imaginable, in a visual sense."
In retrospective appraisals, Aja has been discussed by music journalists as an important release in the development of yacht rock. Writing for uDiscoverMusic in 2019, Paul Sexton said that with the album, Steely Dan "announced their ever-greater exploration of jazz influences" that would lead to "their yacht-rock masterpiece" in 1980's Gaucho. Patrick Hosken from MTV News said that both Aja and Gaucho show how "great yacht rock is also more musically ambitious than it might seem, tying blue-eyed soul and jazz to funk and R&B". Aja was included in Vinyl Me, Please magazine's list of the 10 best yacht rock albums, with an accompanying essay that said: "Steely Dan’s importance to yacht rock can’t be overstated. … Arguably the Dan is smoothest on the 1980 smash Gaucho, but Aja finds Walter Becker and Donald Fagen comfortably hitting a middle-ground stride … as a mainstream hit factory while remaining expansive and adventurous". John Lawler from Something Else! said, "The song and performance that best exemplifies the half-time, funky, laid (way) back in the beat shuffle within the jazz-pop environment of the mid- to late- 70s can be found on 'Home at Last.' Bernard “Pretty” Purdie feeds off Chuck Rainey’s bass with righteous grooves and masterful off-beat fills with alacrity in this tight band favorite."
All songs written by Walter Becker and Donald Fagen.
|2.||"Home at Last"||5:34|
|3.||"I Got the News"||5:06|
- Donald Fagen – lead vocals (all tracks), synthesizer (all tracks but 4), police whistle (2), backing vocals (2, 5, 7)
- Walter Becker – bass guitar (3), guitar (2), guitar solo (5, 7)
- Victor Feldman – Fender Rhodes (1, 3, 7), vibraphone (5, 6), piano (5, 6), percussion (2, 4)
- Joe Sample – Fender Rhodes (2), clavinet (1)
- Paul Griffin – Fender Rhodes (4), backing vocals (4)
- Michael Omartian – piano (2)
- Don Grolnick – clavinet (4)
- Larry Carlton – guitar (1, 2, 3, 5, 7), guitar solo (6)
- Lee Ritenour – guitar (3)
- Dean Parks – guitar (3, 6, 7)
- Steve Khan – guitar (4)
- Denny Dias – guitar (2)
- Paul Humphrey – drums (1)
- Rick Marotta – drums (4)
- Ed Greene – drums (6)
- Steve Gadd – drums (2)
- Bernard Purdie – drums (3, 5)
- Jay Graydon – guitar solo (4)
- Chuck Rainey – bass guitar (all but track 3)
- Jim Keltner – drums, percussion (7)
- Gary Coleman – percussion (4)
- Tom Scott – tenor saxophone (1), Lyricon (4), horn arrangements
- Wayne Shorter – tenor saxophone (2)
- Pete Christlieb – tenor saxophone (3)
- Jim Horn, Bill Perkins, Plas Johnson, Jackie Kelso – saxophone, flute
- Chuck Findley, Lou McCreary, Dick Hyde – brass
- Michael McDonald (4, 6), Timothy B. Schmit (2, 5, 7), Clydie King (1, 3, 6), Sherlie Matthews (1, 3, 6), Venetta Fields (1, 3, 6), Rebecca Louis (1, 6) – backing vocals
- Executive producer: Stephen Diener [ABC Records]
- Producer: Gary Katz
- Engineers: Roger Nichols, Elliot Scheiner, Al Schmitt, Bill Schnee
- Assistant engineers: Joe Bellamy, Lenise Bent, Ken Klinger, Ron Pangaliman, Ed Rack, Linda Tyler
- Mastering: Bernie Grundman
- Production coordination: Barbara Miller
- Sound consultant: Dinky Dawson
- Consultant: Daniel Levitin
- Horn arrangements: Tom Scott
- Art direction: Oz Studios, , Vartan Reissue
- Design: Patricia Mitsui, Geoff Westen
- Photography: Hideki Fujii (cover photo), Walter Becker, Dorothy A. White
- Liner notes: Walter Becker, Donald Fagen
- Reissue coordination: Beth Stempel
The sessions for Aja produced several outtakes, including "The Bear". The song was never officially released, but would later be played live on their 2011 Shuffle Diplomacy tour.
|1977||Aja||Best Engineered Recording, Non Classical|
- Crowe, Cameron (December 29, 1977). "Steely Dan Springs Back: The Second Coming". Rolling Stone. New York City: Straight Arrow Publishers, Inc. (#255): 11. Retrieved October 27, 2011.
- "Steely Dan Biography". billboard.com. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
- Classic Albums: Steely Dan – Aja (Video 1999), Directed by Alan Lewins, Eagle Rock Entertainment, ASIN: 6305772649 
- Holmes, Chris. "Album cover of the week: Aja". The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit. Retrieved September 9, 2008.
- Sweet, Brian (2016). Steely Dan: Reelin in the Years. Omnibus Press. p. 130. ISBN 9781468313147.
- "Steely Dan – Aja (red vinyl): Scan of the inner sleeve". Vinyl Album Covers.com.
- Cook-Wilson, Winston (September 27, 2017). "Steely Dan's Aja: Remembering the Band's Trailblazing Moment 40 Years Later". SPIN. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
- Myers, Marc (July 15, 2011). "How Steely Dan Got Wayne Shorter". Jazz Wax.
- Broberg, Tomas. "Aja notes". Tribute To Steely Dan - Steely Dan Interzone. Archived from the original on May 5, 2009. Retrieved May 13, 2009.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Aja – Steely Dan". AllMusic. Retrieved August 14, 2015.
- Kot, Greg (August 16, 1992). "Thrills, Scams and Nightflys". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: S". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved March 9, 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
- Larkin, Colin (2011). "Steely Dan". The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th concise ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-85712-595-8.
- Strong, Martin Charles (2002). "Steely Dan". The Great Rock Discography. The National Academies. ISBN 1-84195-312-1.
- Graff, Gary; Durchholz, Daniel, eds. (1999). "Steely Dan". MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide. Farmington Hills, MI: Visible Ink Press. ISBN 1-57859-061-2.
- Petrusich, Amanda (November 20, 2019). "Steely Dan: Aja". Pitchfork. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
- "Steely Dan: Aja". Q. London (165): 131. June 2000.
- Walters, Barry (August 30, 2001). "Steely Dan: Aja". Rolling Stone. New York. Archived from the original on May 9, 2006. Retrieved August 11, 2017.
- Sheffield, Rob (2004). "Steely Dan". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Simon & Schuster. pp. 778–79. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
- Duffy, Michael (December 1, 1977). "Steely Dan: Aja". Rolling Stone. New York. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
- Christgau, Robert (October 31, 1977). "Christgau's Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. New York. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
- "The 30 best hi-fi audiophile albums ever | Tech Features | Stuff". www.stuff.tv. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
- "What Are the Top 10 Digital Tracks for Testing Speakers? – A Journal of Musical Things". A Journal of Musical Things. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
- "Vinyl Me, Please | 52 Essential Albums to Own on Vinyl (Add Your Own) «". vinylmeplease.com. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
- Kessler, Ken (March 2008). "Music Reviews". Hi-Fi News & Record Review. p. 83.
- "Aja". Acclaimed Music. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
- "GRAMMY Hall Of Fame". grammy.org. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time Rolling Stone's definitive list of the 500 greatest albums of all time". Rolling Stone. 2012. Retrieved September 18, 2019.
- Robert Dimery; Michael Lydon (February 7, 2006). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. Universe. ISBN 0-7893-1371-5.
- "Complete National Recording Registry Listing – National Recording Preservation Board | Programs | Library of Congress". Loc.gov. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
- "About This Program – National Recording Preservation Board". Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Colin Larkin (2000). All Time Top 1000 Albums (3rd ed.). Virgin Books. p. 80. ISBN 0-7535-0493-6.
- Sexton, Paul (September 17, 2019). "Yacht Rock: A Boatload Of Guilty Pleasures". uDiscoverMusic. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
- Hosken, Patrick (February 7, 2017). "Are We in the Middle of a Yacht-Rock Revival". MTV News. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
- Malcolm, Timothy (February 20, 2017). "The 10 Best Yacht Rock Albums To Own On Vinyl". Vinyl Me, Please. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
- "Best Steely Dan drumming performances: Steely Dan Sunday". somethingelsereviews.com. November 20, 2014. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- "Steely Dan – Aja (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs". Discogs.com. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
- Liner notes to the digitally remastered edition
- Baltin, Steve (July 9, 2011). "Steely Dan at the Greek Theater: Concert Review". The Hollywood Reporter.
- Sweet, Brian (2010). "'Aja'—Steely Dan (1977)" (PDF). Library of Congress. Essay accompanying the album's addition to the National Recording Registry.