Pictured (left) with a visiting Thai monk
|Born||Robert Karr Jackman
July 27, 1934
Seattle, Washington, USA
|Other names||Luang Por Sumedho, Tan Chao Khun Rajasumedhajahn|
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Luang Por Sumedho or Ajahn Sumedho (Thai: อาจารย์สุเมโธ) (born Robert Karr Jackman, July 27, 1934, Seattle) is the senior Western representative of the Thai forest tradition of Theravada Buddhism. He was abbot of Amaravati Buddhist Monastery, UK, from its consecration in 1984 until his retirement in 2010. Luang Por means Venerable Father (หลวงพ่อ), an honorific and term of affection in keeping with Thai custom; ajahn means teacher. A bhikkhu since 1967, Sumedho is considered a seminal figure in the transmission of the Buddha's teachings to the West.
|Thai Forest Tradition|
Ajahn Sumedho was born Robert Kan Jackman in Seattle, Washington in 1934. During the Korean War he served for four years from the age of 18 as a United States navy medic. He then did a BA in Far Eastern studies and graduated in 1963 with an MA in South Asian studies at the University of California, Berkeley. After a year as a Red Cross social worker, Jackman served with the Peace Corps in Borneo from 1964 to 1966 as an English teacher. On break in Singapore, sitting one morning in sidewalk café, he watched a Buddhist monk walk by and thought to himself, "That looks interesting." In 1966 he became a novice or samanera at Wat Sri Saket in Nong Khai, northeast Thailand. He ordained as a bhikkhu (Buddhist monk) in May the following year.
From 1967-77 at Wat Nong Pa Pong, he trained under Ajahn Chah. He has come to be regarded as the latter's most influential Western disciple. In 1975 he helped to establish and became the first abbot of the International Monastery, Wat Pa Nanachat in northeast Thailand founded by Ajahn Chah for training his non-Thai students. In 1977, Ajahn Sumedho accompanied Ajahn Chah on a visit to England. After observing a keen interest in Buddhism among Westerners, Ajahn Chah encouraged Ajahn Sumedho to remain in England for the purpose of establishing a branch monastery in the UK. This became Cittaviveka Forest Monastery in West Sussex.
Until his retirement Ajahn Sumedho was the abbot of Amaravati Buddhist Monastery near Hemel Hempstead in England, which was established in 1984. Amaravati is part of the network of monasteries and Buddhist centres in the lineage of Ajahn Chah, which now extends across the world, from Thailand, New Zealand and Australia, to Europe, Canada and the United States. Ajahn Sumedho played an instrumental role in building this international monastic community.
During his tenure as abbot of Amravati, Ajahn Sumedho initially facilitated an expansion of monastic opportunities for women. By creating a Siladhara order in 1983, Sumedho allowed numerous women of European descent to join and practice in monastic forms. The siladhara order progressed and expanded until the early 2000's when senior nuns began outlining the need for equality and more formal recognition within the community. In 2009, Ajahn Sumedho drafted an internal policy referred to as the "Five Points", which applied to female members of monastic communities under his authority. The Five Points formally codified the structural privilege and seniority of males over females at Amravati and associated communities. In practice for example, the most junior monk has seniority over the most senior nun in offering blessings, teaching, receiving meals or performing other monastery functions. While rules like these are consistent with the traditional patriarchal organization of Theravadan monasteries, other points go above and beyond the traditional dynamics of monastery life. The fifth point for example asserts that women in the community do not have recourse to full ordination privileges that are available to men. The Five Points are a controversial policy that many Theravadan buddhists and buddhist scholars interpret as discriminatory against women and incorrect with respect to the Vinaya and other Theravadan texts. The number of women monastics practicing at Amravati and associated communities declined following the implementation of the policy.
Ajahn Sumedho's imminent retirement was announced in February 2010, and he retired in November of that year. His successor is the English monk Ajahn Amaro, hitherto co-abbot of the Abhayagiri branch monastery in California's Redwood Valley. Ajahn Sumedho now dwells as a "free agent" in Thailand.
Ajahn Sumedho is a prominent figure in the Thai Forest Tradition. His teachings are very direct, practical, simple, and down to earth. In his talks and sermons he stresses the quality of immediate intuitive awareness and the integration of this kind of awareness into daily life. Like most teachers in the Forest Tradition, Ajahn Sumedho tends to avoid intellectual abstractions of the Buddhist teachings and focuses almost exclusively on their practical applications, that is, developing wisdom and compassion in daily life. His most consistent advice can be paraphrased as to see things the way that they actually are rather than the way that we want or don't want them to be ("Right now, it's like this..."). He is known for his engaging and witty communication style, in which he challenges his listeners to practice and see for themselves. Students have noted that he engages his hearers with an infectious sense of humor, suffused with much loving kindness, often weaving amusing anecdotes from his experiences as a monk into his talks on meditation practice and how to experience life ("Everything belongs").
Sound of Silence
A meditation technique taught and used by Ajahn Sumedho involves resting in what he calls "the sound of silence". He talks at length about this technique in one of his books titled The Way It Is. Ajahn Sumedho said that he was directly influenced by Edward Salim Michael's book, The Way of Inner Vigilance (republished in 2010 with the new title, The Law of Attention, Nada Yoga and the Way of Inner Vigilance and for which Ajahn Sumedho wrote a preface).
The Sound of Silence is also the title of one of Ajahn Sumedho's books (published by Wisdom Publications in 2007). In the book, he mentions that it was not directly influenced by his study of Venerable Hsu Yun's works or by the Shurangama Sutra, though he has heard that the Shurangama mentions a similar practice.
- Ajahn Sumedho on Amaravati's Sangha Page
- Ajahn Sumedho on Buddhanet
- "More on "Nun" Ordinations at Amaravati". West Wight Sangha. 31 March 2010.
- "The Time Has Come". Lion's Roar. August 25, 2010.
- "The Recent Controversy Regarding the Full Ordination of Women in Theravadan Buddhism". Leigh Brasington. 9 March 2014.
- "The Revival of the Bhikkhunī Order and the Decline of the Sāsana". Journal of Buddhist Ethics.
- "Nuns leave; and explain why". Awakening Truth.
- "Ajahn Sumedho - teachings". forestsangha.org. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- "The Sound of Silence" (PDF). forestsangha.org. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- "The Way It Is". amaravati.org. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- "The Sound of Silence". Wisdom Publications. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- BuddhaNet entry on Ajahn Sumedho
- Biography of Ajahn Sumedho at Amaravati Buddhist monastery.
- Compilation of 108 mp3 talks or reflections given by Luang Por Sumedho from 1978 until 2010.
- Collection of 1,298 mp3 talks or the entire collection of Dhamma talks given by Luang Por Sumedho until 2014.
- Books of Ajahn Sumedho (online, in epub or mobi format)
- Mp3 talks by Ajahn Sumedho at dharmaseed.org
- on YouTube English with Portuguese sub titles.
- Ajahn Sumedho's eBooks in English and other Languages.
- Ajahn Sumedho Interviewed