Ajan Fakir

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For the Assamese film, see Ajan Faquir Saheb.

Ajan Fakir, born Shah Miran, also known as Azan Pir, Hazrat Shah Miran, and Shah Milan (presumably from Miran), was a Sufi Syed,[1] poet, Muslim preacher and saint from the 17th century[2] who came from Baghdad to settle in the Sibsagar area of Assam in the north-eastern part of India, where he helped to unify the people of the Brahmaputra valley,[3] and to reform, reinforce and stabilise Islam in the region of Assam.[4] The nickname Azan came from his habit of calling azan.[5]

According to one version[which?][citation needed] his name was "Hazarat Shah Syed Mainuddin". He is particularly known for his Zikir and Zari, two forms of devotional songs, that draw from local musical traditions and have striking similarities with borgeets of Srimanta Sankardeva, the 16th-century saint-scholar from Assam. In addition, the late renowned author and Sahitya Akademi award winner Abdul Malik states that Azan Fakir was a preacher with profound mastery over the Qur’an, the Hadith and Islamic philosophy.

Hajarat Ajan Pir Dargaah,Horaguri Chapori,Sivasagar


Ajan Fakir was a disciple of Khwaja Nizamuddin Auliya in Baghdad. He came to Assam accompanied by his brother Shah Navi. He married an Ahom woman of high social stature and settled at Gorgaon, near modern Sibsagar town.

As a Pir he composed Zikirs (a type of spiritual song). Originally he spoke Arabic, but he completely mastered the language of the land he adopted, permitting comparison of his songs to those of his Vaishnava contemporaries.

The conspiracy[edit]

In course of time his influence spread, he acquired a good number of followers and earned the enmity of a Muslim official, Rupai Dadhora, who by conspiracy convinced the Ahom king that Ajan Fakir was a Mughal spy and had orders passed for plucking out the Pir’s eyes. The Pir, according to some songs, had two earthen pots brought into which he let his “two eyes drop”.


The king was alarmed and for atonement made land grants to Ajan Fakir at Sovaguri Chapari, near Sibsagar and had a matha built for him. This place on the bank of Brahmaputra has become a holy place with Ajan Pir’s Dargah where an annual urs is held.

His dargah is at Sahaguri Chapari near Sibsagar town.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Committee, Brahmaputra Beckons Publication (1982). The Brahmaputra Beckons. Brahmaputra Beckons Publication Committee. p. 39. ASIN B0000CQAKG. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 
  2. ^ Sarma, Satyendranath (1989). A Socio-economic & Cultural History of Medieval Assam, 1200 A.D.-1800 A.D. Pratima Devi. p. 230. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 
  3. ^ B. Datta-Ray, B. (1978). Social and Economic Profile of North-east India. B. R. Pub. Corp. p. 343. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 
  4. ^ Barooah, Jeuti (1993). Single Women in Assamese Hindu Society. Gyan Pub. House. p. 27. ISBN 978-81-212-0416-3. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 
  5. ^ Tamizi, Mohammad Yahya (1992). Sufi Movements in Eastern India. Idarah-i Adabiyat-i Delli. p. 96. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 
  • Bora, Utpala (May 2006). "Posoowa".  |contribution= ignored (help)
  • Das, Jogesh. "Folklore of Assam": 111–112. 
  • Radiance Viewsweekly. XLVI (11). 2008-06-15.  Missing or empty |title= (help)