Ajië language

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RegionHouailou, New Caledonia
Native speakers
5,400 (2009 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3aji

Ajië (also known as Houailou (Wailu), Wai, and A'jie) is an Oceanic language spoken in New Caledonia. It has approximately 4,000 speakers.



Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
nor. lab. nor. lab.
Stop voiceless p t c k (ʔ)
voiced b d ɟ ɡ ɡʷ
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Fricative v ɣ
Rhotic r, r̃, (rh)
Approximant j w

A glottal stop, only appears after oral vowels. Different speakers may realize /v/ as a bilabial sound /β/.


Front Central Back
High i ɯ u
High-mid e ə o
Low-mid ɛ ʌ ɔ
Low a

Nasal vowels[edit]

Front Central Back
High ĩ ɯ̃ ũ
High-mid ə̃ õ
Low-mid ɛ̃ ʌ̃ ɔ̃
Low ã



  1. ^ Ajië at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ajie". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ de La Fontinelle, Jacqueline (1976). La langue de Houailou, Nouvelle-Calédonie: description phonologique et description syntaxique. Peeters Publishers.