Location of Ajigasawa in Aomori Prefecture
|• Total||343.08 km2 (132.46 sq mi)|
|Population (October 2017)|
|• Density||30/km2 (78/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|• Flower||Rosa rugosa|
|• Bird||Japanese bush-warbler|
|Address||209 Honcho, Ajigasawa-machi, Nishitsugaru-gun, Aomori-ken 038-2792|
Ajigasawa (鰺ヶ沢町 Ajigasawa-machi) is a town located in Aomori Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 October 2017[update], the town had an estimated population of 10,330 in 4612 households, and a population density of 30 persons per km2. The total area of the town was 343.08 square kilometres (132.46 sq mi).
Ajigasawa is in Nishitsugaru District, Aomori southwestern corner of Aomori Prefecture on the border with Akita Prefecture, facing the Sea of Japan to the north, and Mount Iwaki to the east. Part of the town is located within the borders of the Shirakami-Sanchi, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and some coastal areas of the town are within the Tsugaru Quasi-National Park. The Akaishi Keiryū Anmon no Taki Prefectural Natural Park is also partly located within the borders of Ajigasawa.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Ajigasawa has decreased by more than half over the past 40 years.
The town has a cold humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) characterized by warm short summers and long cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Ajigasawa is 8.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1480 mm with September as the wettest month.The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 22.9 °C, and lowest in January, at around -3.1 °C.
The area around Ajigasawa was controlled by the Tsugaru clan of Hirosaki Domain during the Edo period. Oura Mitsunobu, the founder of the Tsugaru clan, settled in Tanesato (now part of Ajigasawa) in 1491, which developed into a port for the Tsugaru region. Ajigasawa became a village in the Nishitsugaru District in 1889, and was elevated to town status on March 31, 1955, by annexing the neighboring villages of Akaishi, Nakamura, Narusawa and Maido.
The economy of Ajigasawa is heavily dependent on agriculture (rice and horticulture) and on commercial fishing, especially for squid. Other species commonly caught in the local waters include the Japanese flounder, Japanese horse mackerel, Atka mackerel, red snapper, cod, angler fish, octopus, sharks and salmon.
Ajigasawa has has three public elementary schools and three public junior high schools operated by the town government and one public high school operated by the Aomori Prefectural Board of Education.
The Shirakami Nature School is a non-profit organization that is housed in a 19th-century wooden building that was used as an elementary school until the spring of 2003. The Shirakami Nature School hosts a wide variety of environmental education including classroom activities and open-air classes to people of all ages.
- The Kikuya squid stand on the outskirts of town is the home of Wasao, an Akita dog that garnered nationwide attention after starring in a 2011 feature film which was filmed on location in the town.
- NAQUA Shirakami Ski Resort.
- Ajigasawa Beach is about a ten-minute walk from the train station and has both grass and sand areas with a view of the Sea of Japan.
- Umi No Eki “Wando” is a collection of stores, much like a market, that sells local goods directly from the farmers and fishermen. The products sold here are all local, and very fresh.
- Shirakami-Sanchi – UNESCO World Heritage Site
- Otaka-yama park is open to the public and includes a multipurpose stadium, tennis courts, amphitheater, go-carts and an elaborate playground.
- Kurokuma Falls (くろくまの滝 Kurokuma no taki), gets its name from its appearance; it looks like a standing black bear. It is one of Japan’s Top 100 Waterfalls.
- ruins of Tanesato Castle, a National Historic Site
- Akaishi Keiryū Anmon no Taki Prefectural Natural Park
Noted people from Ajigasawa
Media related to Ajigasawa, Aomori at Wikimedia Commons