Mohammed Ajmal Amir Kasab
13 July 1987
|Died||21 November 2012 (aged 25)|
|Cause of death||Execution by hanging|
|Criminal status||Executed by hanging at 7:30 a.m. (IST) on 21 November 2012|
Place – Yerwada Central Jail, Pune
Waging war against India
Possession of explosives
Mohammed Ajmal Amir Kasab (Urdu: محمد اجمل امیر قصاب) ; 13 July 1987 – 21 November 2012) was a Pakistani militant and a member of the Lashkar-e-Taiba Islamist militant organisation, through which he took part in the 2008 Mumbai terrorist attacks in Maharashtra state of India. Kasab, alongside fellow Lashkar-e-Taiba recruit Ismail Khan, killed 72 people during the attacks, most of them at the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. Kasab was the only attacker captured alive by police.
Kasab was born in Faridkot, Pakistan to a family belonging to the Qassab community. He left his home in 2005, engaging in petty crime and armed robbery with a friend. In late 2007, he and his friend encountered members of Jama'at-ud-Da'wah, the political wing of Lashkar-e-Taiba, distributing pamphlets, and were persuaded to join.
On 3 May 2010, Kasab was found guilty of 80 offences, including murder, waging war against India, possessing explosives, and other charges. On 6 May 2010, the same trial court sentenced him to death on four counts and to a life sentence on five counts. Kasab's death sentence was upheld by the Bombay High Court on 21 February 2011. The verdict was upheld by the Supreme Court of India on 29 August 2012. Kasab was hanged on 21 November 2012 at 7:30 am. and buried at Yerwada Jail in Pune.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Training
- 3 Involvement in 2008 Mumbai attacks
- 4 Police interrogation
- 5 Legal issues
- 6 Trial
- 7 Execution
- 8 See also
- 9 Citations
- 10 References
According to Indian Investigation Kasab was born in Faridkot village in the Okara District of Punjab, Pakistan, to Amir Shahban Kasab and Noor Illahi. His father ran a snack cart while his elder brother, Afzal, worked as a labourer in Lahore. His elder sister, Rukaiyya Husain, was married and lived in the village. A younger sister, Suraiyya, and brother, Munir, lived in Faridkot with their parents. The family belongs to the Qassab community.
Kasab briefly joined his brother in Lahore and then returned to Faridkot. He left home after a fight with his father in 2005. He had asked for new clothes on Eid, but his father could not provide them, which made him angry. He engaged in petty crime with his friend Muzaffar Lal Khan, moving on to armed robbery. On 21 December 2007, Eid al-Adha, they were in Rawalpindi trying to buy weapons when they encountered members of Jama'at-ud-Da'wah, the political wing of Lashkar-e-Taiba, distributing pamphlets. They decided to sign up for training with the Lashkar-e-Taiba, ending up at their base camp, Markaz Taiba.
An interrogator and deputy commissioner of the Mumbai Police stated that Kasab spoke rough Hindi and almost no English. He said his father in effect sold him to Lashkar-e-Taiba so that he could use the money they gave him to support the family. His father denied it. Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi, a senior commander of the Lashkar-e-Taiba, reportedly offered to pay his family Rs.150,000 for his participation in the attacks. Another report said the 23-year-old was recruited from his home, in part, based on a pledge by recruiters to pay Rs.100,000 to his family if he became a martyr. Other sources put the reward at US$4,000.
Villagers of Okara claimed on camera that he was at their village six months before the Mumbai attack. They said that he asked his mother to bless him as he was going for jihad, and claimed that he demonstrated his wrestling skills to a few village boys that day.
Ajmal Kasab was among a group of 24 men who received training in marine warfare at a remote camp in mountainous Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir in Pakistan. Part of the training was reported to have taken place on the Mangla Dam reservoir.
Involvement in 2008 Mumbai attacks
Kasab was seen on CCTV during his attacks at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus along with another recruit, Ismail Khan. Kasab reportedly told the police that they wanted to replicate the Islamabad Marriott hotel attack, and reduce the Taj Hotel to rubble, replicating the 9/11 attacks in India.
Kasab and his accomplice Khan, then aged 25, attacked the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) railway station. They then moved on to attack a police vehicle (a white Toyota Qualis) at Cama Hospital, in which senior Mumbai police officers (Maharashtra ATS Chief Hemant Karkare, encounter specialist Vijay Salaskar and Additional Commissioner of Mumbai Police Ashok Kamte) were travelling. After killing them in a gun battle and taking two constables hostage in the Qualis, Kasab and Khan drove towards the Metro cinema. Kasab joked about the bulletproof vests worn by the police and killed one constable when his mobile phone rang. The two fired some shots into a crowd gathered at the Metro Cinema. They then drove to Vidhan Bhavan where they fired more shots. Their vehicle had a tire puncture, so they stole a silver Škoda Laura and drove towards Girgaum Chowpatty beach.
The D B Marg[clarification needed] police had received a message from police control at about 10 pm, that two heavily armed men had gunned down commuters at CST. 15 policemen from D B Marg were sent to Chowpatty to set up a double barricade on Marine Drive. The Škoda reached Chowpatty and halted 40 to 50 feet from the barricade. It reversed and attempted a U-turn. A shootout ensued and Khan was killed. Kasab lay motionless playing dead. Assistant sub-inspector Tukaram Omble, armed only with a lathi, charged the vehicle, being shot five times. Omble held onto Kasab's weapon, enabling Omble's colleagues to capture Kasab alive. Omble died from the bullet wounds. A mob gathered and attacked the two terrorists, which was captured on video.
Initially Kasab pretended to be dead and was being transported to the Nair Hospital when a police officer discovered Kasab was breathing. Seeing the mutilated body of another slain terrorist Kasab begged doctors to put him on saline, saying "I do not want to die". The doctors who treated Kasab said he had no bullet wounds.
Kasab told police he was trained to "kill to the last breath", Later, after interrogation in the hospital by the police, he said: "Now, I do not want to live", requesting the interrogators to kill him for the safety of his family in Pakistan, who could be killed or tortured for his surrender to Indian police. (Fidayeen suicide squad terrorists were instructed not to be captured and interrogated, use aliases instead of their real names, and hide their nationality.) He is also quoted as saying "I have done right, I have no regrets". Reports also surfaced that the group planned to escape safely after the attack.
Kasab told interrogators that all through the operation, the Lashkar headquarters from Karachi, Pakistan, remained in touch with the group, calling their phones through a voice-over-internet service. Investigators succeeded in reconstructing the group's journey through the Garmin GPS that was found on Kasab. The email sent from a group calling itself the Deccan Mujahideen claiming responsibility was traced to a Russian proxy which was traced back to Lahore with the help of the FBI.
Police announced Kasab was a Pakistani national based on his confession and other evidence. Several reporters visited Kasab's village and verified the facts provided by him. Former Pakistan Prime Minister, Nawaz Sharif confirmed that Kasab was from Faridkot village in Pakistan, and criticised President Zardari for cordoning off the village and not allowing his parents to meet anyone.
Journalist Saeed Shah travelled to Kasab's village and produced national identity card numbers of his parents. His parents left town on the night of 3 December 2008. Mumbai Joint Police Commissioner of Crime Rakesh Maria said Kasab was from the Faridkot village in the Okara district of Pakistan's Punjab province, and was the son of Mohammed Amir Kasab.
The Mumbai Police said much of the information that Kasab provided proved to be accurate. He disclosed the location of a fishing trawler, MV Kuber, that the terrorists used to enter Mumbai's coastal waters. He told investigators where his team put the ship captain's body, a satellite phone and a global-positioning device, which the police found.
Pakistani officials, including President Asif Ali Zardari, initially denied Ajmal Kasab was Pakistani. Pakistani government officials attempted to erase evidence that there was a Lashkar-e-Taiba office in Deepalpur. The office was hurriedly closed in the week of 7 December. On the night of 3 December 2008, the parents were whisked away by a bearded Mullah, and since then, there was evidence of a cover-up by plainclothes police. Villagers changed their stories, and reporters who visit there were intimidated. In early December, Kasab's father admitted in an interview that Kasab was his son.
In January 2009, Pakistan's National Security Advisor Mahmud Ali Durrani admitted to Kasab being a Pakistani citizen while speaking to the CNN-IBN news channel. The Pakistan Government then acknowledged that Ajmal Kasab was a Pakistani, but also announced that Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani had fired Durrani for "failing to take Gilani and other stakeholders into confidence" before making this information public, and for "a lack of coordination on matters of national security."
On 6 December 2008, The Hindu reported that the police officers who interrogated him did not speak his language, Urdu, and misinterpreted his caste origin "kasai", meaning butcher, to be a surname, writing it as "Kasav".
The Times of India reported a different version of the error. The paper stated that the police officers correctly understood that Ajmal Kasab does not have a surname. To satisfy an administrative requirement that people have surnames, the officers asked Kasab for his father's profession, and decided to use "butcher", or "Kasab" in Urdu, as his surname.
The Hindu referred to him as either "Mohammad Ajmal Amir, son of Mohammad Amir Iman" or "Mohammad Ajmal Amir 'Kasab'".
List of various names used to refer to Kasab:
- Ajmal Kasab
- Azam Amir Kasav
- Ajmal Qasab
- Ajmal Amir Kamal
- Ajmal Amir Kasab
- Azam Ameer Qasab
- Mohammad Ajmal Qasam
- Ajmal Mohammed Amir Kasab
- Mohammad Ajmal Amir Kasar
- Amjad Amir Kamaal
- Mohammed Ajmal Amir Qasab
Ammunition, a satellite phone and a layout plan of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was recovered from Kasab. He described how his team arrived at Mumbai from Karachi via Porbandar. He said that they had received revolvers, AK-47s, ammunition and dried fruit from their coordinator. Kasab told the police that they wanted to replicate the Marriott hotel attack in Islamabad, and reduce the Taj Hotel to rubble, replicating the 11 September attacks in US. Kasab told police that his team targeted Nariman House, where the Chabad centre was located, because it was frequented by Israelis, who were targeted to "avenge atrocities on Palestinians."
Kasab told the police that he and his associate, Ismail Khan, were the ones who shot Anti-Terror Squad chief Hemant Karkare, encounter specialist Vijay Salaskar and Additional Commissioner Ashok Kamte. Kasab entered the Taj posing as a student from Mauritius and stored explosives in one of the hotel's rooms. In December 2009, Kasab retracted his confession in court, claiming he had come to Mumbai to act in Bollywood films and was arrested by the Mumbai police three days before the attacks.
Confessions on video
Kasab repeatedly asked the interrogators to turn the camera off and warned them he would not speak otherwise. Nonetheless the following confessions were recorded on video:
When police asked Kasab what he understood about jihad, Kasab told the interrogators "it is about killing and getting killed and becoming famous." "Come, kill and die after a killing spree. By this one will become famous and will also make God proud."
According to an officer, Kasab spoke Pathani Hindi, and told the police that he vomited the moment he saw all the blood and gore. "Kasab said that he could not bear the sight of dead bodies and after creating enough havoc wanted to go back to Pakistan," the officer said.
"We were told that our big brother India is so rich and we are dying of poverty and hunger. My father sells dahi wada in a stall in Lahore and we did not even get enough food to eat from his earnings. I was promised that once they knew that I was successful in my operation, they would give 150,000 rupees (around US$3,352), to my family," said Kasab.
"When we asked whether he knew any verses from the Quran that described jihad, Kasab said he did not," police said. "In fact he did not know much about Islam or its tenets," according to a police source.
Face to face with Abu Jundal
On 9 August 2012, Kasab was brought face-to-face with Abu Jundal, the handler of Mumbai attacks, at the Arthur Road jail where they identified each other. Kasab also admitted that Jundal had taught him Hindi.
In a press conference, the Mumbai city police commissioner said "The person we have caught alive is certainly a Pakistani. They were all trained by ex-army officers, some for a year, some for more than a year". On 23 November 2008, they set sail from Karachi unarmed to be picked up by a larger vessel. They hijacked the Indian fishing trawler Kuber and set sail for Mumbai.
Several Indian lawyers refused to represent Kasab citing ethical concerns. A resolution was passed unanimously by the Bombay Metropolitan Magistrate Court's Bar Association, which has more than 1,000 members, saying that none of its members would defend any of the accused of the terror attacks. Other bar associations passed similar resolutions. The Hindu nationalist group Shiv Sena threatened lawyers against representing him. When one attorney, Ashok Sarogi, hinted that he would be willing to represent Kasab, Shiv Shena members protested outside his home and pelted it with stones, forcing him to retract. In December 2008, the Indian Chief Justice K. G. Balakrishnan said that for a fair trial, Kasab needed a lawyer.
An eight-member commission from Pakistan, comprising defence lawyers, prosecutors and a court official was allowed to travel to India on 15 March to gather evidences for the prosecution of seven suspects linked to the 2008 Mumbai attacks. However, the defence lawyers were barred from cross-examining the four prosecution witnesses in the case including Ajmal Kasab.
Kasab wrote to the Pakistani High Commission in India requesting help and legal aid. In the letter, he confirmed he and the nine slain terrorists were Pakistani. He asked the Pakistani High Commission to take custody of the body of fellow terrorist Ismail Khan. Pakistani officials confirmed the receipt of the letter and were reported to be studying it. No further updates were given.
His conviction was based on CCTV footage showing him striding across the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus with an AK-47 and a backpack. Towards the end of December 2008, Ujjwal Nikam was appointed as Public Prosecutor for trying Kasab and in January 2009 M.L. Tahaliyani was appointed the judge for the case. Indian investigators filed an 11,000-page Chargesheet against Kasab on 25 February 2009. Due to the fact that the chargesheet was written in Marathi and English, Kasab requested an Urdu translation of the charge sheet. He was charged with murder, conspiracy and waging war against India along with other crimes. His trial was originally scheduled to start on 15 April 2009 but was postponed as his lawyer, Anjali Waghmare was dismissed for a conflict of interest. It resumed on 17 April 2009 after Abbas Kazmi was assigned as his new defence counsel. On 20 April 2009, the prosecution submitted a list of charges against him, including the murder of 166 people. On 6 May 2009, Kasab pleaded not guilty to 86 charges. The same month he was identified by eyewitnesses who testified witnessing his actual arrival and him firing at the victims. Later the doctors who treated him also identified him. On 2 June 2009, Kasab told the judge he also understood the Marathi language.
In June 2009, the special court issued non-bailable warrants against 22 absconding accused including Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD) chief Hafeez Saeed and chief of operations of Lashkar-e-Taiba, Zaki-ur-Rehman Laqvi. On 20 July 2009, Kasab retracted his non-guilty plea and pleaded guilty to all charges. On 18 December 2009, he retracted his guilty plea and claimed that he was framed and his confession was obtained by torture. Instead he claimed to have come to Mumbai 20 days before the attacks and was simply strolling at Juhu beach when police arrested him. The trial concluded on 31 March 2010 and on 3 May the verdict was pronounced – Kasab was found guilty of murder, conspiracy, and of waging war against India (which also carried the death penalty). On 6 May 2010, he was sentenced to death.
A Bombay High Court bench, composed of Justice Ranjanaa Desai and Justice Ranjit More, heard Kasab's appeal against the death penalty and upheld the sentence given by the trial court in their verdict on 21 February 2011. On 30 July 2011, Kasab moved to Supreme Court of India, challenging his conviction and sentence in the case. Thus, a bench composed of Justice Aftab Alam (judge) and Justice Chandramouli Kr. Prasad stayed the orders of the Bombay High Court so as to follow the due process of law, and started hearing the case.
Kasab's plea for clemency was rejected by President Pranab Mukherjee on 5 November 2012. On 7 November, Minister of Home Affairs Sushilkumar Shinde confirmed the President's rejection of the petition. The following day, the Maharashtra state government was formally notified and requested to take action. The date of 21 November was then fixed for the execution, and the Indian government faxed their decision to the Pakistani Foreign Office.
Everything so far on secret basis, Kasab was formally informed of his execution on 12 November, after which he requested government officials to inform his mother. On the night of 18–19 November, a senior prison official at Arthur Road Jail in Mumbai read Kasab's death warrant to him, informing him at the same time that his petition for clemency had been rejected. Kasab was then asked to sign his death warrant, which he did. He was secretly transferred under heavy guard to Yerwada Jail in Pune, arriving in the early morning of 19 November. The death and funeral of nationalist politician Bal Thackeray also aided in diverting attention from Kasab. An officer at Arthur Road Jail stated anonymously: "Throughout the journey from Mumbai to Pune, he did not cause any trouble. Kasab's attitude was of resignation when he came to know that his mercy petition was rejected by the president. Kasab did not shed a single tear during the last few days."
Only the jail superintendent at Yerwada was made aware of Kasab's identity. Kasab was placed in a special cell when he was at Yerwada and no other inmates were informed of his presence. It was only a few minutes before Kasab's execution that the executioner was informed whom he would be hanging.
—Maharashtra Home Minister R. R. Patil
Though reportedly nervous in the final minutes before his execution, Kasab remained quiet and offered prayers. He was hanged on 21 November 2012 at 7:30, according to an announcement by Home Minister Shinde. Kasab's execution by the Maharashtra government happened barely two weeks after President Pranab Mukherjee rejected his mercy petition on 5 November."
After the government contemplated burial at sea, the decision was finally made to bury Kasab at Yerwada Jail. Following his execution, Kasab's body was given to a maulvi for burial in accordance with Islamic rites. Ansar Burney, a human rights activist in Pakistan, later offered to help repatriate Kasab's body to Pakistan citing humanitarian reasons. The Indian government stated it would consider a formal application if offered. Shinde later stated that Kasab's body was buried in India because Pakistan had refused to claim it.
Authorities in Uttar Pradesh banned all celebrations and public gatherings and placed the state on high alert in response. Similarly, the Coimbatore City Police took a group of people in Coimbatore into preventive custody for celebrating Kasab's execution. K. Unnikrishnan, father of Major Sandeep Unnikrishnan, said though the execution was necessary, it was not something to "rejoice over" and that the ensuing celebrations were "foolishness."
In Pakistan, the general and official government response was muted, with the media treating the execution as another news item, according to The Hindu. Though some journalists attempted to elicit statements from villagers in Kasab's village of Faridkot, they met with a hostile response. A senior LeT commander issued an anonymous statement, saying Kasab was a hero who would "inspire more fighters to follow his path." The Pakistani Taliban's spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan issued a statement threatening Indians with retaliation and declaring Kasab would be avenged. Ehsan also made demands for Kasab's body to be returned to his family. "If they don't return his body to us or his family we will capture Indians and will not return their bodies."
While commending on the well appreciated role of two women officers in the smooth handling of the execution, Patil later responded to threats to avenge Kasab's death by stating that anybody daring to attack the soil of Maharashtra would meet the same fate.
Hafiz Saeed and thousands of others offered ghayabana namaz-e-janaza (funeral prayers in absentia) for Kasab at a Jamaat-ud-Dawah session in Muridke. Hundreds of others in Srinagar also offered similar prayers at the appeal of Syed Ali Geelani.
Pakistan Anti-Terrorism Court (ATC) Proceedings
Mudassir Lakhvi, headmaster of the Government Elementary School in Faridkot village, Okara, appeared before the Anti-Terrorism Court (ATC) on 9 May 2014, during the trial of seven suspects, (Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi, Abdul Wajid, Mazhar Iqbal, Hammad Amin Sadiq, Shahid Jameel Riaz, Jamil Ahmed and Younus Anjum), accused of involvement in the attacks on 26 November 2008. He claimed that he knew that Ajmal Kasab was alive, and he had met Ajmal only a few days ago. He repeated the claim in 2015.
- "Ticket to paradise in a brutal world". 22 November 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "Mumbai gunman Kasab hanged on four-year anniversary of attack". Business Week. Retrieved 21 November 2012
- "Ajmal Kasab hanged today at 7:30 am (0200 GMT) today". oneindia. Retrieved 21 November 2012
- "Ajmal Kasab hanged at Pune's Yerawada Jail". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
- The government of Pakistan initially denied that Kasab was a Pakistani citizen, but, in January 2009, it confirmed his citizenship. "Ajmal's Nationality Confirmed". Dawn (Pakistani Newspaper). 8 January 2009. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- "CRIMINAL APPEAL NOS.1899–1900 OF 2011" (PDF). Supreme Court of India. 29 August 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 January 2013. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- "Planned 9/11 at Taj: Caught Terrorist". Zee News. 29 November 2008. Archived from the original on 25 December 2008.
- "Please give me saline". Bangalore Mirror. 29 November 2008. Archived from the original on 2 March 2009.
- "26/11 trial: Kasab's sentencing tomorrow". Zee News. 5 May 2010.
- "Bombay HC upholds Kasab's death sentence". IBN Live.
- Irani, Delnaaz (3 May 2010). "Surviving Mumbai gunman convicted over attacks". BBC News. Archived from the original on 5 May 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- "Kasab waged war against India: court". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 22 February 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- "26/11 terror attacks case: Ajmal Kasab's plea to spare life rejected by SC". The Indian Express. 29 August 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- "Ajmal Kasab hanged today at 7:30 am today". Mumbai Voice. Retrieved 21 November 2012[permanent dead link]
- "Live: Is India going too far in celebrating Kasab's hanging?". Firstpost. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
- "Kasab executed in great secrecy, Shinde says even Manmohan, Sonia didn't know". Retrieved 21 November 2012.
- "Ajmal Kasab hanged and buried in Pune's Yerwada Jail". Retrieved 21 November 2012
- Baweja 2009, p. 118
- "Mumbai Terrorist Wanted to 'Kill and Die' and Become Famous".
- "Captured Terrorist Ajmal Amir Kasav tells his story". The Times of India. 3 December 2008.
- Tripathi, Rahul (3 December 2008). "We were reassured of escape after the attack: Kasab". The Times of India.
- "From petty thief in Multan to terror face in India".
- "The Moderate Voice, quoting New York Times". Archived from the original on 3 December 2008.
- "Ajmal is my son, says Mumbai attacker's father". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 12 December 2008. Archived from the original on 14 December 2008.
- Blakely, Rhys (3 December 2008). "Mumbai police to use truth serum on 'baby-faced' terrorist Azam Amir Kasab". The Times. London. Retrieved 3 December 2008.
- Blakely, Rhys (2 December 2008). "Father of Mumbai gunman, Azam Amir Kasab, 'paid by terrorists to hand him over'". The Times. London. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- "Terror in Mumbai".
- "Kasab says his father sent him to LeT".
- Blakely, Rhys (2 December 2008). "CCTV shows start of Mumbai massacre". The Times. London. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- "Interview with Ajmal Amir's Father". The Times of India. 13 December 2008.
- Swami, Praveen (1 December 2008). "Pakistan now holds the key to probe: investigators". The Hindu. Chennai. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 1 December 2008.
- "Bombs found in Mumbai train station a week later". NPR. 3 December 2008. Archived from the original on 5 December 2008. Retrieved 3 December 2008.
- "Kasab told his mother that he was going away for Jihad". Archived from the original on 21 February 2009.
- Blakely, Rhys (2 December 2008). "City fears five terrorists are missing". The Times. London. Retrieved 23 April 2010.(subscription required)
- Rahman, Maseeh; Jones, Sam (1 December 2008). "Rumours abound as inquiry begins its search for truth". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 2 December 2008. Retrieved 1 December 2008.
- "Police overcomes deadly terrorists at Chowpatty". The Times of India. 9 December 2008.
- "Saluting a braveheart, the man who helped capture Qasab". Archived from the original on 14 December 2008.
- "Sky News Footgage of gun suspect Ajmal Qasab's arrest". Archived from the original on 2 December 2008.
- Fanelli, James (30 November 2008). "Terrorist: 'I Do not Wanna Die'; Mumbai Mass Killer Turns Coward". New York Post. Archived from the original on 3 December 2008. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
- "No bullet hit Kasab, no active treatment on, says hospital's dean".
- "We wanted to kill 5000, says surviving terrorist". The Sydney Morning Herald. 1 December 2008.
- "Straits Times article". Archived from the original on 1 December 2008.
- "Lashker-e-Taiba members learnt Hindi before Mumbai attacks". Press Trust of India. 30 November 2008. Retrieved 5 December 2008.[dead link]
- "Terror mail routed through Pakistan's Lahore". The Times of India. 2 December 2008. Retrieved 5 December 2008.
- Enough evidence, now Pak must act: Pranab Mukherjee[dead link]
- Shah, Saeed (7 December 2008). "Revealed: home of Mumbai's gunman in Pakistan village, The Observer, 7 December 2008". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- Shah, Saeed (7 December 2008). "Mumbai terrorist came from Pakistan, local villagers confirm". The Observer. London. Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved 7 December 2008.
- "Revealing the Faridkot-Mumbai link, Dawn News special report, 12 December 2008". Archived from the original on 18 September 2010.
- "Why cordon off Kasab's village? Nawaz Sharif". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 19 December 2008. Archived from the original on 23 December 2008. Retrieved 19 December 2008.
- Shah, Saeed (7 December 2008). "Revealed: home of Mumbai's gunman in Pakistan village". The Observer. London.
- "Kasab is the son of Mohammed Amir Kasab from the Faridkot village in the Okara district of Pakistan". CNN. 4 December 2008. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- Wonacott, Peter; Anand, Geeta (4 December 2008). "Sole captured suspect offers grim insights into massacre". The Wall Street Journal.
- Ajmal Kasab is Pakistani, says Sharif
- After India, Sharif slams Zardari, says Kasab from Pak Archived 22 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- "Pakistani villagers confirm home of Mumbai killer, McClatchy Newspapers, 6 December 2008". Archived from the original on 7 December 2008.
- "Revealed: Home of Mumbai gunman in Pakistani village". Chennai, India. 8 December 2008.
- Jr, Richard A. Oppel; Masood, Salman (7 January 2009). "Gunman in Mumbai Siege a Pakistani, Official Says" – via NYTimes.com.
- Swami, Praveen (6 December 2008). "Terrorist's name lost in transliteration". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Archived from the original on 8 December 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2008.
- "Mumbai cops gave Ajmal his surname". The Times of India. 7 December 2008. Retrieved 7 December 2008.
- "Cops called him 'Kasav' as dad was a butcher". The Times of India. 7 December 2008. Archived from the original on 23 November 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2008.
- "Now, arrested terrorist Ajmal says kill me". The Times of India. 30 November 2008.
- "Mumbai massacre story unfolds in terrorist's interrogation". The Hindu. Chennai. 2 December 2008.
- "Video of Mumbai Suspect's Arrest". Sky News. 1 December 2008. Archived from the original on 2 December 2008. Retrieved 2 December 2008.
- "Three Lashkar fidayeen captured". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 29 November 2008.
- "Arrested terrorist says gang hoped to get away". Economic Times, India. 29 November 2008.
- "Indian Express: we trained in Lashkar camps, arrested terrorist".
- "Business Intelligence Middle East".
- Hafeez, Mateen (29 November 2008). "Times of India: 10 terrorists have entered Mumbai". The Times of India.
- "Gulf News: Lone surviving gunman reveals operation details". Archived from the original on 2 December 2008.
- "The Hindu: Pakistan now holds the key to probe: investigators". Chennai. 1 December 2008.
- "Gunman 'requests Pakistan help'". BBC News. 22 December 2008. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- Sam Coates and Jeremy Page (15 December 2008). "British police to interview Mumbai suspect Mohammed Ajmal Amir Qasab". The Times. London.
- "Please give me saline". Bangalore Mirror. 29 November 2008. Archived from the original on 2 March 2009.
- Terrorist: We were sent to target Israelis, Jewish Telegraph Agency (JTA),30 November 2008.
- "Terrorists at Chabad House 'deliberately targeted' Jewish building". The Jerusalem Post. 30 November 2008. Archived from the original on 4 February 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
- Rubenstein, Richard L. (16 May 2011). Jihad and Genocide. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 181–182. ISBN 978-0-7425-6203-5. Retrieved 8 January 2012.
- "Arrested terrorist reveals all to police". NDTV. 29 November 2008. Archived from the original on 2 December 2008. Retrieved 29 November 2008.
- Ajab Kasab ki ghazab kahani, Banglore Mirror, 18 December 2009 Archived 31 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "The Kasab Confession - YouTube". www.youtube.com.
- "Mumbai Terrorist Wanted to Kill and Die and Become Famous, ABC News, 3 December 2008".
- "Kasab identifies Jundal as 26/11 handler". 10 August 2012. Archived from the original on 13 August 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
- Lakshmi, Rama (3 December 2008). "Washington Post—Indian Investigators reveal details culled from arrested gunman. Retrieved 3 December 2008". The Washington Post. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- Dixit, Nikhil (17 March 2009). "Ajmal is Reading Gandhi in Jail". DNA (Daily News and Analysis). Retrieved 17 March 2009.
- Press Trust of India (6 December 2008) Lawyers refuse to take up arrested terrorist's case Rediff.com. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
- Sena forces lawyer to back out of Kasab case. CNN-IBN.in.com. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- Ajmal Amir Kasab should get lawyer for "fair trial", says Chief Justice of India Archived 29 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Zeenews.india.com. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- Kasab should get lawyer for fair trial Archived 19 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine Zee News. 17 December 2008 (New Delhi). Retrieved 25 November 2012.
- "2008 Mumbai attacks: India's refusal to allow cross-examination challenged". The Express Tribune. 29 April 2012.
- "Pakistan, India trade demarches over Lakhvi trial". The Nation. 14 March 2015.
- Gunman 'requests Pakistan help' BBC. 22 December 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
- India hands Kasab's letter to Pak high commissionThe Times of India. 22 December 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2012. Archived 29 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- I will represent Kasab: Anjali Waghmare – Times Of India. The Times of India. (1 April 2009). Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- Mumbai Attacks: A Chronology of the Trial Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Outlook India. 20 July 2009. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
- Kumar, Hari (26 February 2009). "Pakistani charged in Mumbai assault". The New York Times.
- "26/11 trial: Kasab seeks translated copy of chargesheet". The Times of India. 10 March 2009.
- "Anjali Waghmare removed as Qasab's lawyer". NDTV. 15 April 2009. Archived from the original on 17 April 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2009.
- "Ajmal ‘Kasab’ gets a new lawyer". 17 April 2009 – via www.thehindu.com.
- "Mumbai suspect denies all charges". BBC. 6 May 2009. Archived from the original on 9 May 2009. Retrieved 6 May 2009.
- "I confess... please end my trial, deliver your judgment". The Indian Express. 20 July 2009. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
- "Mumbai accused says he was framed". 18 December 2009 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
- "Indian court convicts Pakistani for Mumbai siege". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 8 May 2010.
- "Mumbai attack gunman Kasab sentenced to death". BBC News. 6 May 2010. Archived from the original on 8 May 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- "26/11: Bombay HC confirms Kasab's death sentence". The Indian Express. 21 February 2011. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
- "Kasab moves SC against death penalty". The Times of India. 30 July 2011. Retrieved 1 August 2011
- "Ajmal Kasab loses appeal, Supreme Court upholds death sentence". Hindustan Times. 28 August 2012. Archived from the original on 31 August 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- "Ajmal Amir Kasab hanged". The Indian Express. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
- "I swear by God, won't do such a thing again, uttered Kasab before his execution". Hindustan Times. 21 November 2012. Archived from the original on 27 November 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
- "Hangman gets last-minute surprise". Hindustan Times. 22 November 2012.
- "Ajmal Kasab hanged and buried in Pune's Yerwada Jail". The Times of India. 21 November 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
- "Ajmal Kasab hanged". The Hindu. 21 November 2012. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
- Kumar, Devesh (21 November 2012). "Ajmal Kasab hanged, buried at Pune's Yerwada Jail". India Today. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
- "No one in Yerawada knew who was to hang". Daily News and Analysis. 22 November 2012.
- "Ansar Burney offers help to bring Kasab's body to Pakistan". Daily News and Analysis. 21 November 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
- "Ready to bring home Kasab's body: Pak rights activist". Rediff News. 21 November 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
- "After Kasab, we hope Pak will apply rule of law to other 26/11 accused". Firstpost.com. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "Kasab's body will be laid to rest in India as Pak refused to claim it, says Sushil Kumar Shinde". New Delhi: CNN-IBN. 21 November 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
- "UP bans celebration of Ajmal Kasab hanging". The Times of India. 22 November 2012.
- "Police spoil plan to party over Kasab hanging". The Times of India. Coimbatore. 22 November 2012. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- "Sandeep's father: Execution is not a matter to rejoice over". The Hindu. 22 November 2012.
- "Pakistan quietly absorbs news of execution". The Hindu. 22 November 2012.
- "Pakistan Taliban vow to attack Indian targets over Kasab". The Times of India. 22 November 2012.
- "Maharashtra jail staff to get pay parity with police department". Pune: NDTV. Press Trust of India. 24 November 2012. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
- "26/11 mastermind Hafiz Saeed offers funeral prayers for Ajmal Kasab". The Indian Express. 24 November 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
LeT founder Hafiz Mohammad Saeed led a gathering of thousands in offering funeral prayers for Ajmal Kasab, the lone surviving terrorist involved in the Mumbai attacks who was hanged earlier this week, a media report said today.
- "In-depth Coverage on Kashmir Conflict". Kashmir Watch. 23 November 2012. Archived from the original on 19 July 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
Srinagar: Hundreds of people today offered funeral-in-absentia or ‘gaibana nimaz-e-jinaza’ for Mumbai terror attack convict Ajmal Kasab who was hanged in Pune’s Yerwada Jail on Wednesday. Hardline separatist leader Syed Ali Geelani had appealed to people to hold his funeral prayers. Kasab’s funeral was offered today afternoon at the city’s Barzulla area.
- Asad, Malik (9 May 2014). "Witness in Mumbai attacks case claims Ajmal Kasab is alive". DAWN.COM.
- "Ajmal Kasab is alive, claims key witness". The Express Tribune. 11 December 2015.